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Components of the M60 Machine Gun

Major Components, Sights and Safety with photos
COMPONENTSPURPOSES
1. Stock assemblyProvides a
shoulder support for aiming and firing the M60 machine gun. The stock
assembly has a shoulder rest.
2. Buffer
assembly
Absorbs recoil
from the bolt and operating rod assembly at the end of the recoil movement.
3. Bolt assemblyFeeds, chambers,
fires, and extracts, using the propellant gases and recoil spring for power.
It houses the firing pin.
4. Operating rod
assembly
Transfers power
from propelling gases to the bolt and slide assemblies.
5. Cover, hanger,
and feed assembly
Feeds linked-belt
ammunition. Holds the cartridges in position for stripping, feeding, and
chambering.
6. Barrel
assembly
Houses cartridges
for firing, directs projectiles, supports fixed front sight, and provides
passageway for operating gases. The bipod supports the M60 in the prone
position. The telescopic legs can be adjusted to three different lengths.
7. Trigger
assembly
Controls the
firing of the weapon.
8. Forearm
assembly
Provides thermal
insulation to protect the gunner’s hands from heat. Has a slotted top to
allow air to circulate around the barrel for cooling purposes.
9. Receiver
assembly
Supports all
assembly major components and houses the action of the weapon.
10. Rear sight
assembly
Adjustable for
both windage and elevation allowing the gunner to make changes rapidly.
11. Cocking
handle assembly
Pulls the moving
parts rearward. Moves in a guide rail fixed to the right side of the
receiver.
12. Tripod (M122)
assembly
Together with the
tripod, T&E mechanism, and pintle, provides a stable mount and permits a
higher degree of accuracy and control.


Sights. The front sight is attached to
the barrel. The rear sight is mounted on a spring-type dovetail base, and it can
be folded down when the gun is moved.

Safety Lever. The safety lever is on the
left side of the trigger group. It has an “S” and an “F” position. On the “S”
position, the bolt cannot be pulled to the rear or released to go forward.


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