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191-379-4407 (SL3) - Plan Convoy Security Operations

Standards: Developed a plan that included all required considerations for the specific mission, coordinated with appropriate units for required support, ensured that necessary equipment and supplies were available and operational, and prepared briefings for the security personnel on the mission and assigned specific duties. Ensured that 360-degree security was maintained from the point of origin to destination when escorting special weapons.

Conditions:
You are given an operation order (OPORD), a
combat load, a map of the area, a compass, a
protractor, communications equipment, signal
operating instructions (SOI), security
personnel, and special orders, if required.

Standards:
Developed a plan that included all
required considerations for the specific
mission, coordinated with appropriate units
for required support, ensured that necessary
equipment and supplies were available and
operational, and prepared briefings for the
security personnel on the mission and
assigned specific duties. Ensured that
360-degree security was maintained from the
point of origin to destination when
escorting special weapons.

Performance
Steps

1.   Receive the OPORD.

Note.  Follow all
steps in troop-leading procedures.
When carrying special weapons or
ammunition, ensure that you obtain the
special orders concerning this cargo,
that you understand them, and that
they cover any situations not covered
in the OPORD.

2.   Coordinate with the host nation security personnel.

3.   Consult all sources of information, especially the
engineers and the highway traffic
division (HTD), to obtain as much
information as possible.

4.   Reconnoiter the convoy route to identify the
following:

a.
Likely trouble spots and
ambush sites.

b.
Possible locations for
traffic control posts (TCPs) and/or
checkpoints.

c.
Route conditions.

d.
Location of friendly
units in the area.

5.   Coordinate with the convoy commander to
determine-

a.
Actions to be taken if
enemy contact is made by-

(1) 
A sniper.

(2) 
An ambush with the road
blocked.

(3) 
An ambush with the road
not blocked.

(4) 
An air attack.

(5) 
An artillery attack.

Note.  Based on
the mission and/or the type of cargo,
the reaction to an enemy attack may
vary. 
See STP 19B1-SM, Task
191-376-4110. 
When carrying special weapons
or ammunition, ensure that procedures
are covered in the special orders on
exactly how to react to enemy contact.

b.
Protective measures for
mines and booby traps.

c.
Convoy organizations to
include the location of-

(1) 
Critical cargo
vehicles.

(2) 
Control vehicles.

(3) 
Armored vehicles and
automatic weapons.

Note.  Armored
vehicles and automatic weapons are
positioned within the convoy so they
are mutually supporting.

(4) 
Maintenance and
recovery vehicles.

Note.  The convoy
commander and/or unit maintenance
officer or noncommissioned officer
(NCO) will decide whether to repair,
recover, or destroy vehicles.

d.
Primary and backup
frequencies.

e.
Emergency communications
procedures.

f. 
The timetable for
movements (especially for serials
and march units).

g.
Coordination points
(assembly area for everyone).

h.
Start and release points.

i.  
Security measures to be
used at halts and rest stops. 
The location of the halts
should be-

(1) 
In a relatively secure
area.

(2) 
Off the roadway where
there is some natural cover and
concealment.

(3) 
Under the surveillance
of a security force.

(4) 
Where there is an
unobstructed view for 200 meters
at each end of the convoy (no
curves, hills, and so forth).

(5) 
In an area that is
large enough to maintain convoy
interval.

(6) 
Where local civilians
can be kept away from the convoy.

(7) 
In an area that is not
heavily populated.

(8) 
Where there are host
nation police present (if
applicable).

Note.  When
carrying special weapons or
ammunition, additional procedures
covering the establishment of an
exclusion area and the enforcement of
the "two-man rule" must be
covered and written in the special
orders, ensuring 360-degree security
is maintained on the special weapons. 
If security cannot be
maintained, instructions on how and
when to disable the weapons must be
included.

j.  
The time and place that
military police (MP) support begins
and ends.

k.
Expected changes in the
routes.

l.  
Road conditions.

m.  
Supporting fires to
include artillery support, engineer
support (for minesweeping of the
route), gunship support, and host
nation police support, if
applicable.

n.
Primary and alternate
routes.

o.
The location where MP
vehicles and personnel will be
positioned in the convoy.

p.
The method of escort for
the convoy. 
Escort methods are as
follows:

(1) 
Scout, lead, and trail
(leading/following).

(2) 
Empty truck (or
modified).

(3) 
Leap frog.

(4) 
Perimeter.

6.   Brief personnel on the mission, enemy situation,
and specific individual duties to be
performed to include-

a.
Procedures to be followed
in case of mechanical breakdown.

b.
Defensive measures to be
used against mines and booby traps.

c.
Actions to be taken when
there is contact with the enemy (see
STP 19-95B1-SM, Task 191-376-4110).

d.
The method of escort.

e.
Communications.

f. 
Special orders if
applicable.

7.   Coordinate with friendly units (in the area where
the convoy will pass) to identify-

a.
The support the friendly
units can provide.

b.
What restrictions apply
for the use of indirect fire.

8.   Coordinate with artillery units.

a.
Identify predetermined
targets found during route
reconnaissance or through
coordination with the convoy
commander.

b.
Identify locations for
rest stops, halts, and possible
enemy ambush sites.

9.   Coordinate with helicopter and/or Air Force units
for gunship support.

10. Inspect equipment to include-

a.
Vehicles.

b.
Radios.

c.
Ammunition.

d.
Weapons.

e.
Nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) equipment.

f. 
Combat load.

Evaluation
Preparation:

Setup:
Schedule a field training exercise that will
require the squad leader to plan convoy
security operations.

Brief
Soldier:
Tell the squad leader being
evaluated that he must develop an accurate
and concise plan for convoy security
operations.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Received the OPORD.





Note:  Followed
all steps in troop-leading procedures.

 

 

2.   Coordinated with the host nation security
personnel.





3.   Consulted all sources of information, especially
the engineers and the HTD, to obtain
as much information as possible.





4.   Reconnoitered the convoy route and identified the
following:





a.
Likely trouble spots and
ambush sites.

 


 


b.
Possible
locations for TCPs and/or
checkpoints.

 


 


c.
Route
conditions.

 


 


d.
Location
of friendly units in the area.

 


 


5.   Coordinated with the convoy commander to
determine-





Note.  Ensured
360-degree security was maintained
from the point of origin to
destination when escorting special
weapons.

 

 

a.
Actions
to be taken if enemy contact was
made.

 


 


b.
Protective
measures for mines and booby traps.

 


 


c.
Convoy
organizations.

 


 


d.
Primary
and backup frequencies.

 


 


e.
Emergency
communications procedures.

 


 


f. 
The timetable for
movements (especially for serials
and march units).

 


 


g.
Coordination
points (assembly area for everyone).

 


 


h.
Start
and release points.

 


 


i.  
Security measures to be
used at halts and rest stops.

 


 


j.   The time and place that MP support begins and ends.

 


 


k.
Expected
changes in the routes.

 


 


l.  
Road conditions.

 


 


m.  
Supporting fires to
include artillery support, engineer
support (for minesweeping of the
route), gunship support, and host
nation support, if applicable.

 


 


n.
Primary
and alternate routes.

 


 


o.
The
location where MP vehicles and
personnel would be positioned in the
convoy.

 


 


p.
The
method of escort for the convoy.

 


 


6.   Briefed personnel on the mission, enemy situation,
and specific individual duties to be
performed.





7.   Coordinated with friendly units (in the area where
the convoy would pass) to identify-





a.
The support the friendly
units could provide.

 


 


b. What
restrictions applied for the use of
indirect fire?

 


 


8.   Coordinated with artillery units.





9.   Coordinated with helicopter and/or Air Force units
for gunship support.





10. Inspected equipment.





Evaluation
Guidance:
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier fails any performance
measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM
3-19.1

FM
3-19.30

 

FM
3-19.4

FM
7-10

 

 

FM
19-25