This website is not affiliated with the U.S. government or military. All proceeds from the operation of this site are donated to veteran and other charities.

301-371-1150 (SL3) - Identify Intelligence and Electronic Warfare (IEW) Assets

Standards: Identified the types of intelligence and electronic warfare (IEW) support available and how they were integrated into the combined arms team.

Conditions:
Given the OPLAN, operational overlay,
current enemy situation and a map of the
area.

Standards:
Identified the types of intelligence and
electronic warfare (IEW) support available
and how they were integrated into the
combined arms team.

Performance
Steps

1.   Identify the four major tasks that make up the IEW
mission.

a.
Situation development.

b.
Target development.

c.
Electronic warfare (EW).

d.
Counterintelligence (CI).

2.   Determine the role of situation development.

a.
Locate enemy forces.

b.
Determine enemy
capabilities, vulnerabilities, and
intentions.

c.
Identify the enemy main
effort.

d.
Determine how weather and
terrain will affect friendly and
enemy operations.

e.
Detect opportunities to
exploit enemy weaknesses and seize
or retain the initiative.

3.   Determine the role of target development.

a.
Provide combat
information.

b.
Provide targeting data.

c.
Correlate target
information.

4.   Determine the role of EW.

a.
Define EW.

(1) 
EW is the means through
which commanders protect their own
electronic systems while attacking
those of the enemy.

(2) 
EW exploits, disrupts,
and deceives enemy command and
control while protecting friendly
use of communications and
non-communications systems.

(3) 
On the battlefield, EW
is divided into two categories: 
offensive and defensive.

b.
Define electronic attack
(EA).

(1) 
Offensive EW is
referred to as EA.

(2) 
EA is the transmission
of electronic jamming signals that
disrupt the enemy’s communications
and other signal emitter systems. 
It also transmits false
communications that deceive enemy
forces through their own
information collection systems.

(3) 
EW assets are targeted
in much the same way as artillery
and other weapon systems.

(4) 
EA includes jamming and
deception.

c.
Define electronic warfare
support (ES).

(1) 
Enemy sources of
radiated electromagnetic energy
are searched for, located, and
identified through a process
called ES.

(2) 
ES focuses on the
immediate requirements of the
tactical commander.

(3) 
ES includes the efforts
to search, identify, intercept,
and locate electronic emitters.

d.
Define electronic
protection (EP).

(1) 
Defensive EW seeks to
protect friendly use of the
electromagnetic spectrum by
employing EP.

(2)  EP is the actions
taken to protect friendly command,
control, and communication (C3)
from enemy collection and
disruption efforts.

(3) 
EP is planned around
the commander’s mission and
concept of operations, and is the
responsibility of the operations
officer (G3/S3). 
Based on the mission, those
communications and electronic
systems that must be protected are
identified and their vulnerability
to enemy EA is assessed. 
The operation of these
systems is then planned and
monitored to ensure that the
times, frequencies, duration, and
location of their emissions
provide the greatest possible
security from enemy collection and
disruption efforts.

Note.  FM 34-10
and FM 34-25 have not been updated to
reflect current IEW terminology. 
These manuals refer to
electronic attack (EA) as electronic
countermeasures (ECM), electronic
warfare support (ES) as electronic
warfare support measures (ESM) and
electronic protection (EP) as
electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM).

5.   Determine the role of counterintelligence (CI).

a.
Counters the hostile
intelligence threat.

b.
Safeguards the command
from surprise.

c.
Deceives the enemy.

d.
Counters enemy sabotage,
subversion, and terrorism.

6.   Identify the major intelligence disciplines.

a.
Human intelligence (HUMINT)
includes all information derived
through human sources not accessible
to other collection assets. 
HUMINT employs overt, covert,
and clandestine operations to
achieve worldwide collection
objectives.

b.
Imagery intelligence (IMINT). 
IMINT can be obtained from
land, sea, air, and space platforms
(radar, photographic, infrared, and
electro-optic imagery).

c.
Signals intelligence (SIGINT)
is the products resulting from the
collection, evaluation, analysis,
integration, and interpretation of
information derived from intercepted
electromagnetic emissions.

d.
Measurement and signature
intelligence (MASINT) is scientific
and technical intelligence obtained
by quantitative and qualitative
analysis of data derived from
technical sensors for the purpose of
identifying any distinctive features
associated with the source, emitter,
or sender and to facilitate
subsequent identification or
measurement.

7.   Recognize how IEW supports the battlefield
commander.

a.
Collect information on
enemy forces.

b.
Provide targeting data to
fire and maneuver elements.

c.
Evaluate, analyze,
integrate, and interpret collected
information to produce intelligence.

d.
Disseminate the
intelligence product to the
appropriate users.

e.
Conduct EW operations.

f. 
Support operations
security (OPSEC) and deception.

8.   Identify the staff responsibilities for IEW.

a.
The G2 coordinates the
intelligence effort. 
He identifies intelligence
requirements based on the
commander’s guidance and concept of
the operation.

b.
The G3 has staff
responsibility for planning and
directing the jamming and deception
operations of the command. 
He directs EA actions needed
to support planned and ongoing
operations. 
He identifies, in
coordination with the G2, ES
requirements to support EW.

c.
The military intelligence
(MI) unit commander manages the MI
assets to accomplish the assigned EW
missions. 
He exercises command and
control (C2) over all organic and
attached MI elements and operational
control (OPCON) over supporting MI
assets.

9.   Identify how IEW is integrated into the combined
arms team.

a.
Division tactical
operations center support element (DTOCSE)
augments the G2 and G3.  Part of this element, the electronic warfare section (EWS),
is the principle mission manager for
EA. 
The EWS is also involved with
the fire support element in the
targeting process.

b.
The analysis and control
element (ACE), formerly referred to
as the technical control and
analysis element (TCAE), is part of
the MI battalion tactical operations
center (TOC) and is the asset
manager for all ES and EA missions
tasked to the MI battalion.

c.
Intelligence and
electronic warfare support element (IEWSE)
is attached to the maneuver brigade
TOC from the MI battalion. 
This element serves as an
interface between MI assets in the
brigade area and the brigade S2 and
S3.

d.
The G2, G3, fire support
officer and
communications-electronics (CE)
officer coordinate and direct IEW
operations.  They obtain the information required to answer the
commander’s requirements concerning
both enemy forces and friendly
vulnerabilities. 
They integrate EA with
maneuver and fire and plan and
coordinate OPSEC measures and
defensive EP measures to protect
from enemy intelligence collections
operations.

Evaluation
Preparation:

Setup:
Provide the soldier with the materials
listed in the conditions statement.

Brief
Soldier:
Tell the soldier to identify
the types of EW support available and how
they are incorporated into the combined arms
team.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Identified the four major tasks that make up the
IEW mission.





2.   Determined the role of situation development.





3.   Determined the role of target development.





4.   Determined the role of EW to include-





a.
Defined EW.

 


 


b.
Defined
EA.

 


 


c.
Defined
ES.

 


 


d.
Defined
EP.

 


 


5.   Determined the role of CI.





6.   Identified the major intelligence disciplines.





7.   Recognized how IEW supports the battlefield
commander.





8.   Identified the staff responsibilities for IEW to
include-





a.
Responsibilities of the
G2.

 


 


b.
Responsibilities
of the G3.

 


 


c.
Responsibilities
of the MI unit commander.

 


 


9.   Identified how IEW is integrated into the combined
arms team to include-





a.
The MI support elements
that assist in IEW operations.

 


 


b.
The
principal personnel that coordinate
and direct IEW operations.

 


 


 

Evaluation
Guidance:
Failure to achieve a GO for
this task will result in retraining of the
failed areas and retesting. A second NO GO
will result in retraining of the entire task
and retesting.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM
34-3

 

 

FM
34-1

 

 

FM
34-10

 

 

FM
34-25