Land Nav Task 3 – Identify Terrain Features on a Map
Land Nav Task 3 - Identify Terrain Features on a Map
Standards: Identified the five major and three minor features on the map.
Given a standard 1:50,000-scale military
Identified the five major and three minor
features on the map.
1. Identify terrain features in
table C-3 in the same manner on all
maps, regardless of the contour
interval, but you must realize that a
hill in the Rocky Mountains will be
much bigger than the one in south
Florida. You must be able to recognize
all the terrain features to locate a
point on the ground or to navigate
from one point to another (figures C-3
Note. During instruction, demonstrate to the soldiers how they
can learn terrain features using the
fist and hand (figures C-1 and C-2).
They can be used to show what each
terrain feature would look like on the
Using fist to explain terrain features
Using hand to explain terrain features
C-3. Major and minor terrain
Figure C-5, Major
point or small area of high
ground from which the ground
slopes down in all directions.
lines forming concentric
Figure C-6 Major
line of high ground with height
variations along its crest.
lines forming a U or V; closed
end points away from high
Figure C-7, Major
level ground bordered on the
sides by higher ground.
Generally has maneuver room.
Contains a stream.
lines form U. Lines tend to
parallel stream before crossing.
Contour line crossing a stream
always points upstream.
Figure C-8, Major
dip/low point along a ridge
crest; either lower ground
between two hill tops or a break
in the level crest.
saddle is normally represented
as an hourglass.
Figure C-9, Major
point or hole in the ground with
higher ground on all sides.
contour lines that have tick
marks pointing toward low
Figure C-10, Minor
a valley but normally has less
developed stream course. No
level ground and little or no
maneuver room. Ground slopes
upward on the sides and toward
the head of the draw.
lines are V-shaped with the
point of the V toward the head
of the draw (high ground).
Major and minor terrain features
Figure C-3, Minor
continuously sloping line of
higher ground jutting out the
side of a ridge. Often Table
C-3. Major and minor terrain
features (continued)formed by
parallel streams cutting draws
down a ridge.
lines depict a spur with the U
or V pointing away from higher
Figure C-4, Minor
vertical or near vertical slope.
lines are close together or a
ticked or “carrying” contour
line (ticks point to lower
Figure C-5. Hill
Figure C-6. Ridge
Figure C-7. Valley
Figure C-8. Saddle
Figure C-9. Depression
Figure C-10. Draw
Use a 1:50,000-scale military map; circle
one example of each major terrain feature
and one example of each minor terrain
feature. Randomly number the circled terrain
features 1 through 8. Provide each soldier
being tested with duplicate sets of the map,
paper, and two pencils.
Soldier: Tell the soldier to number the
paper 1 through 8. Tell the soldier to write
down the terrain feature that corresponds to
each circled area on the map.
1. Identified the following.
Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show
the soldier what was done wrong and how to
do it correctly.
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