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031-503-1018 (SL1) - React to Nuclear Hazard/Attack

Standards: React to a nuclear hazard or attack without becoming a casualty of a nuclear attack with or without warning. Identify radiological contamination markers with 100 percent accuracy, and notify the supervisor. Start the steps to decontaminate yourself within 1 minute of finding radiological contamination. Decontaminate your individual equipment after you completely decontaminate yourself.

Conditions: You are in a tactical situation or an area where nuclear
weapons have been or may have been used and
are given load-bearing equipment (LBE), a
piece of cloth or similar item, a brush or a
broom, shielding material, Field Manual (FM) 3-3-1,
and one of the following situations to
respond to:

  1. You
    see a brilliant flash of light.

  2. You
    find a standard radiological
    contamination marker or an enemy marker.

  3. You
    are told that fallout is in the area.

  4. You
    receive instructions to respond to a
    nuclear attack.

  5. You
    come across a suspected depleted uranium
    (DU) hazard.

Standards:
React to a nuclear hazard or attack without
becoming a casualty of a nuclear attack with
or without warning. 
Identify radiological contamination
markers with 100 percent accuracy, and
notify the supervisor. 
Start the steps to decontaminate
yourself within 1 minute of finding
radiological contamination. 
Decontaminate your individual
equipment after you completely decontaminate
yourself.

Performance
Steps

1.   React to a
nuclear attack without warning.

a.
Close your eyes
immediately.

b.
Drop to the ground in a
prone, head-on position.

Note. 
If you are in the hatch of an
armored vehicle, immediately drop down
inside the vehicle.

c.
Keep your head and face
down and your helmet on.

d.
Stay down until the blast
wave passes and debris stops
falling.

e.
Cover your mouth with a
cloth or similar item to protect
against inhalation of dust
particles.

f. 
Check for casualties and
damaged equipment.

2.   React to a nuclear attack with warning.

a.
Select and use the best
available shelter (FM 3-3-1).

(1) 
Move into a fighting
position, bunker, or ditch.

(2) 
Take protective actions
if you are inside a shelter.

(3) 
Remain in place if you
are in an armored vehicle.

b.
Protect your eyes.

c.
Minimize exposed skin
areas.

d.
Cover your mouth with a
cloth or similar item to protect
against inhalation of dust
particles.

3.   React to a radiological contamination marker.

a.
Avoid the area if
possible.

b.
Cross the area quickly by
the shortest route that exposes you
to the least amount of radiation
based on mission, enemy, terrain,
troops, time available, and civilian
considerations (METT-TC).

(1) 
Request crossing
instructions if you must cross.

(2) 
Make the maximum use of
shielding.

(3) 
Cover your mouth with a
cloth or similar item to protect
against inhalation of dust
particles.

c.
Report the discovery of a
marker to your supervisor.

4.   Remove radiological contamination (including DU)
from clothing, equipment, and exposed
skin.

a.
Shake or brush
contaminated dust (all dust is
considered to be radioactive) from
your clothing, equipment, and
exposed skin with a brush, a broom,
or your hands (if a brush or a broom
is not available).

b.
Wash your body as soon as
possible, giving special attention
to hairy areas and underneath your
fingernails.

c.
Conduct mission-oriented
protective posture (MOPP) gear
exchange if you are contaminated
with wet radioactive contamination.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  Evaluate this
task during a field exercise if possible. 
Select an area that provides several
shelters that the soldier can choose from
(an open area, a shallow ditch, a
depression, or a foxhole with overhead
cover). 
Evaluate the soldier’s reaction to a
nuclear attack without warning (brilliant
flash of light) and with warning by having
him stand in an open area with the nearest
possible shelter no closer than 12 feet. 
You may simulate the attack by saying
"BRILLIANT FLASH" or by using the
flash attachment of a camera. Tell the
soldier there will be a nuclear detonation
within 2 minutes and to take the best
available shelter. Evaluate the soldier’s
ability to react to radiological
contamination markers by telling him to walk
through the area (where a standard marker
and a former Warsaw Pact marker have been
placed) and take appropriate action.
Evaluate the soldier’s ability to remove
radiological contamination.

Brief
Soldier: 
Tell the soldier that a nuclear
attack is imminent and that he must react to
a nuclear attack with and without warning. 
Tell him that he must also react to
nuclear contamination markers. 
Tell the soldier that after being
exposed to nuclear radiation, he must take
the steps for decontamination.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Reacted to a nuclear attack without warning.

2.   Reacted to a nuclear attack with warning.

3.   Reacted to a radiological contamination marker.

4.   Removed radiological contamination (including DU)
from clothing, equipment, and
exposed skin.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. 
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. 
If the soldier fails any performance
measure, show him what was done wrong how to
do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM
3-3-1

FM
3-5


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