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071-730-0014 (SL1) - Identify Combat Vehicles

Standards: Identified combat vehicles by actual nomenclature.

Given combat vehicles.

Identified combat vehicles by actual


1.   Observe vehicle.

2.   Observe vehicle characteristics.

3.   Compare observed vehicle characteristics with known
vehicle attributes. Four areas of
characteristics are used to identify
vehicles. Most armored vehicles have
all four areas of characteristics,
though not all vehicles do.

Track and suspension
Many tanks can be recognized
by their track and suspension
systems. However, recognizing a
vehicle by this feature alone is
often difficult. Grass, dirt,
terrain, dust or other factors often
obscure the tracks. To identify the
track and suspension system, check
to see whether it has support or
return rollers. Few threat vehicles,
except the T-10, T-64, T-72, BMD,
BMP, SP-122, and SP-152, have

Characteristics of most
Warsaw Pact vehicles include a
flat (Christie) suspension system,
without support or return rollers,
without torsion bars, and unevenly
spaced road wheels.

Characteristics of most
NATO vehicles include a suspended
track, support or return rollers,
torsion bars, shock absorbers, and
evenly spaced road wheels.

Most turrets can be grouped
into three categories:

bulky turrets – older

sloped turrets –

newer models.

turrets –

newer models.

Main gun:  Armament varies from machine guns to large cannons. In
turreted vehicles, normally the
heaviest armament is in the turret.
Look for the main gun, the main gun
bore evacuator, and its relative
location on the main gun.

Types of main guns:

Smooth main gun,
without bore evacuator or blast

Main gun with bore

Main gun with bore
evacuator and muzzle brake or
blast deflector.

Types of muzzles:

Single baffle.

Double baffle.


The cupola is a small,
turret-like projection normally on
top of the turret. It is used by the
vehicle commander and usually mounts
a machine gun.

4.   Eliminate any vehicle that does not possess an
observed characteristic attribute.

5.   Record actual vehicle.


At the test site, provide the soldier(s)
with all equipment and materials needed for
testing. Before evaluating the soldier(s),
check the computer/GTA media being used to
ensure that it is operational. If using the
ROC-V (Recognition of Combat Vehicles, a
multimedia CD-ROM and Web-Based software
package that teaches thermal and visual
vehicle recognition), check the website
to ensure the most current version is
accessed. Request access to download the
ROC-V program from the webmaster at
[email protected]
. Check to ensure software has been loaded
and set at the ready mode.

Brief Soldier:  Read the
following instructions to the soldier(s):

this time, you will be evaluated on your
ability to identify combat vehicles. 
You must identify 28 of 40 vehicles
by actual nomenclature." 




1.   Observed vehicle.

2.   Observed vehicle characteristics.

3.   Compared observed vehicle characteristics with
known vehicle attributes.

4.   Eliminated any vehicle that did not possess an
observed characteristic attribute.

5.   Recorded vehicle.

Score the soldier an overall GO if 28
combat vehicles out of 40 were correctly
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. If the
soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done
wrong and how to do it correctly.


















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