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071-311-2027 (SL1) - Load an M16-Series Rifle

Standards: Loaded an M16A1 rifle in the semiautomatic and automatic modes or loaded an M16A2 or M16A4 rifle in both the semiautomatic and burst modes. In either case, ensured that a round was chambered and the selector was returned to the SAFE position.

Conditions:
Given an unloaded M16-series rifle with a
magazine loaded with ammunition.

Standards:
Loaded an M16A1 rifle in the semiautomatic
and automatic modes or loaded an M16A2 or
M16A4 rifle in both the semiautomatic and
burst modes. In either case, ensured that a
round was chambered and the selector was
returned to the SAFE position.

 

Performance Steps

1.  
Determine the mode in which the
rifle will be operated by using table 071-311-2027-1.

 

 


Table 071-311-2027-1.
M16 family operating modes.

 

 

2.  
Prepare the M16A1, M16A2, or
M16A4 rifle for semiautomatic fire and
the M16A1 rifle for automatic fire.

 

a.
Point the rifle muzzle in a
safe direction.

 

b.
Cock the rifle (this also opens
the bolt).

 

c.
Return the charging handle to
the forward position.

 

d.
Place the selector lever on
SAFE (figure 071-311-2027-1).

 

 


Figure 071-311-2027-1.
Selector lever on SAFE.

 

 

e.
Check the chamber to ensure it
is clear (figure 071-311-2027-2).

 

 


Figure
071-311-2027-2.
Inspecting the chamber.

 

 

f. 
Insert the magazine, pushing it
upward until the magazine catch
engages and holds the magazine (figure
071-311-2027-3).

 


Figure 071-311-2027-3.
Magazine inserted.

 

 

g.
Tap upward on the bottom of the
magazine to ensure it is seated.

 

Note:
The magazine may be loaded with the
bolt assembly open or closed.

 

3.  
Prepare the M16A2 or M16A4
rifle for burst fire.

 

a.
Point the rifle muzzle in a
safe direction.

 

b.
Cock the rifle (this also opens
the bolt).

 

c.
Return the charging handle
to the forward position.

 

d.
Place the selector lever in the
BURST position (figure 071-311-2027-4).

 

 


Figure
071-311-2027-4. Selector lever on
BURST.

 

 

e.
Pull the trigger, holding it in
the rear position.

 

f. 
Pull the charging handle to the
rear and release it (figure 071-311-2027-5).

 


Figure
071-311-2027-5. Charging handle.

 

 

g.
Repeat step 3f three times.

 

h.
Pull the charging handle to the
rear, holding it in place.

 

i.  
Release the trigger.

 

j.  
Push in on the bottom portion
of the bolt catch, locking the bolt in
the rear position (figure 071-311-2027-6).

 

 


Figure
071-311-2027-6. Bolt locked to the
rear.

 

 

k.
Slide the charging handle all
the way forward.

 

l.  
Place the selector on SAFE.

 

m.  
Insert the magazine, pushing it
upward until the magazine catch
engages and holds the magazine (figure

).

 

n.
Tap upward on the bottom of the
magazine to ensure it is seated.

 

4.  
Chamber a round.

 

a.
With the bolt open:

 

(1) 
Depress the upper portion of
the bolt catch to release the bolt
(figure 071-311-2027-7).

 

 


Figure
071-311-2027-7. Bolt catch.

 

 

(2) 
Tap the forward assist to
ensure that the bolt is fully forward
and locked (figure 071-311-2027-8).

 

 


Figure 071-311-2027-8.
Forward assist.

 

 

WARNING:
The rifle is now loaded. Ensure it is
pointed in a safe direction.

 

(3) 
Place selector lever on SAFE,
closing the ejection port cover if the
rifle is not to be fired immediately.

 

b.
With the bolt closed:

 

(1) 
Pull the charging handle to the
rear as far as it will go.

 

(2) 
Release the charging handle. Do
not ride the charging handle; allow it
to return on its own.

(3) 
Tap the forward assist to
ensure the bolt is fully forward and
locked.

 

WARNING:
The
rifle is now loaded. Ensure it is
pointed in a safe direction

 

(4) 
Place the selector lever on
SAFE closing the ejection port cover
if the rifle is not to be fired
immediately.

 

 


Evaluation
Preparation:


Setup:
Have soldiers use their assigned rifles and
magazines. Provide blank or dummy ammunition
when evaluating this task.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to
load the rifle using the steps appropriate
for the model being used. An M16A2 rifle
must be loaded in both the semiautomatic and
BURST modes.

 

Performance
Measures

GO

NO GO

Note:
Perform steps 1 and 3 through 5 for
the M16A1 rifle and steps 1 through 5
for the M16A2 or M16A4 rifle.

 

 

1.  
Prepared the M16A1, M16A2, or
M16A4 rifle for semiautomatic fire and
the M16A1 rifle for automatic fire;
ensured the chamber was cleared and
the magazine was seated.

2.  
Prepared the M16A2 or M16A4
rifle for burst fire; ensured the
magazine was seated.

3.  
Chambered a round; ensured the
bolt was fully forward and locked.

4.  
Pointed the rifle in a safe
direction.

5.  
Placed the selector lever in
the SAFE position.

 

Evaluation
Guidance:
 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO-GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO-GO, show
the soldier what was done wrong and how to
do it correctly.

 

References


 

Required


Related


 

TM
9-1005-249-10

 

 

TM
9-1005-319-10

 

 


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