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071-100-0003 (SL1) - Engage Targets with an M4 or M4A1 Carbine

Standards: Detected and determined range to targets. Fired the M4 or M4A1 carbine to engage targets in assigned sector of fire. Applied correct marksmanship fundamentals and target engagement techniques so each target was hit or suppressed.

Conditions: Given an M4 or M4A1 carbine, magazines, ammunition,
individual combat equipment, and stationary
or moving targets (personnel or equipment)
at engageable ranges.

Standards:
Detected and determined range to targets.
Fired the M4 or M4A1 carbine to engage
targets in assigned sector of fire. Applied
correct marksmanship fundamentals and target
engagement techniques so each target was hit
or suppressed.

Performance Steps

1.   Assume an appropriate firing position based on the
situation. The firing position should
protect you from enemy fire and
observation, yet allow you to place
effective fire on targets in your
sector of fire.

a.
Foxhole. Advantages: best
when available. Disadvantages: no
overhead cover.

b.
Prone. Advantages: steady,
easy to assume, low silhouette, and
easily adapted to use of cover and
support. Disadvantages: effectiveness
can be limited by terrain and
vegetation irregularities.

c.
Prone supported.
Advantages: steadier than prone, other
advantages the same as prone.
Disadvantages: same as prone.

d.
Kneeling. Advantages: used
when firing from behind something;
used on ground that is level or gently
sloping upward. Disadvantage: exposed
to small arms fire.

e.
Kneeling supported.
Advantages: steadier than kneeling;
other advantages the same as kneeling.
Disadvantages: exposed to small arms
fire.

f. 
Standing. Advantages: used
in assault to surprise targets or when
other positions are not appropriate.
Disadvantages: exposed to small arms
fire.

2.   Identify targets in your designated sector of fire.

3.   Determine range to a target.

a.
Your M4 or MA1 carbine
sights can be used to estimate range
to targets(s). Viewed through the
front sight, a man-sized target
appears:

(1) 
Twice the width as the
front sight post at about 90 meters.

(2) 
The same width as the front
sight post at about 175 meters.

(3) 
Half the width of the front
sight post at about 350 meters.

4.   Load and fire on targets using appropriate
engagement techniques.

a.
Load the weapon.

b.
Use the appropriate aiming
technique.

(1) 
Engage a stationary target
using reference points or sighting
points.

(2) 
Engage a target moving
toward you as you would a stationary
target.

(3) 
Engage a target moving
laterally, using the single lead
technique, by placing the trailing
edge of the front sight post at the
center of the target. This method
causes the lead to increase
automatically as the range increases.

(4) 
Engage multiple targets by
first firing at the one presenting the
greatest danger (usually the closest)
and then rapidly proceeding to next
target.

c.
Use the quick-fire
technique when there is no time to
properly aim. Use this technique on
targets within 30 meters of your
location. (This technique is most
effective in urban terrain or heavy
bush.)

(1) 
Use the standing position.

(2) 
Use the raised stockwell.
Look two or three inches above the
sights, on a plane that is level with
the barrel.

(3) 
Look at the target, NOT at
the sights.

d.
Fire on the targets until
they are destroyed or until you
receive an order to cease fire.

Evaluation
Preparation: 

Setup: On a live-fire range, provide sufficient quantities of
equipment and ammunition to support the
number of soldiers tested. Have each soldier
use his own rifle and magazine.

Brief
Soldier: Tell soldier he is to detect
and engage targets in his sector and, when
asked, state the range to the target.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed an appropriate firing position based on
the situation.

2.   Identified targets in your designated sector of
fire.

3.   Determined the range to a target.

4.   Loaded and fired on targets using appropriate
engagement techniques.

Evaluation
Guidance:
 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show
him what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.

References


 

Required


Related


 

 

FM
21-75

 

 

FM
23-9

 

 

TM
9-1005-319-10

 


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