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031-503-1015 (SL1) - Protect Yourself from NBC Injury/Contamination with Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Gear

Standards: Protect yourself from nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) injury or contamination with MOPP gear. Perform all steps in sequence and achieve MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

Conditions: You are given MOPP gear (chemical protective overgarment, mask, hood, overboots, protective gloves, individual decontamination kits, and antidotes), and one of the following situations in a chemically contaminated tactical enviornment:

  1. You are ordered to achieve MOPP4.

  2. You learn that a chemical attack is about to happen.

  3. You must enter an area where chemical agents have been used. 

  4. You recognize a chemical hazard. 

  5. You are attacked with chemical agents without warning.

Standards: Protect yourself from nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) injury or contamination with MOPP gear. Perform all steps in sequence and achieve MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

Performance Steps

1.   Put on MOPP gear for MOPP1.

a. Don the trousers.

(1)  Put on the overgarment trousers over your normal duty uniform or over your undergarments in hot weather.

(2)  Secure the trousers by snapping and zipping them and adjusting the waistband for a snug fit.

(3)  Do not fasten the bottom of the trousers at this time.

b. Don the jacket.

(1)  Put on the overgarment jacket.

(2)  Zip it up.

(3)  Fasten the snaps.

c. Secure the jacket to the trousers by snapping the three snaps across the back of the jacket to the trousers.

2.   Put on additional MOPP gear (protective overboots) to reach MOPP2.

a. Put on the older model chemical protective overboots over your leather combat boots, lacing them according to the instructions provided in the package.

Note. The older model has a single eyelet at the rear.

(1)  Don the cover on either foot by centering your foot on the sole.

(2)  Smooth the excess material as flat as possible.

(3)  Lace the overboots.

(a)   Thread the lace through the front eyelet so the ends are the same length.

(b)   Tie a single hitch by passing one lace end through each eyelet from the inside to the outside, drawing each lace end tight.

(c)   Pass both ends through the rear eyelet from the inside to the outside.

(d)   Bring the ends back through the side eyelets.

(e)   Tighten the lace by working the slack out between the side and back eyelets.

Note. The lace should hold the rear eyelet firmly against the boot.

(4)  Tie the lace tightly across the instep with a single hitch.

(5)  Wrap the excess lace around your leg, tying the ends with a reef or bow knot.

b. Put on the newer model chemical protective overboots over your leather combat boots, lacing them according to the instructions provided in the package.

Note. The newer model has two rear eyelets.

(1)  Don the cover on either foot by centering your foot on the sole.

(2)  Tuck the excess front material under the front of your foot.

(3)  Lace the overboots.

(a)   Thread the lace through the front eyelet so both ends are the same length.

(b)   Pass each lace end through a side eyelet from the inside to the outside.

(c)   Draw the lace up tightly, fastening it with a single knot.

(d)   Pass the ends through the rear eyelets from the inside to the outside.

(e)   Pull the lace up firmly, positioning the fishtails neatly at the sides of your ankle.

(f)    Tie the lace firmly with a single knot in front.

(4)  Wrap the loose lace ends around your leg, tying them firmly in front with a bow knot and tucking in the loose ends.

c. Put on the green vinyl overboots over your leather combat boots, securing them by pulling the rubber bands around the metal buttons.

d. Blouse the overgarment trouser legs over the chemical protective overboots.

e. Secure the closures of the overgarment trouser legs by zipping and tying the drawstrings firmly.

Note. The newer model method is being taught at the U.S. Army Chemical School. Units that still have the older model should continue to use the older model donning instructions.

3.   Put on the protective mask with hood to reach MOPP3.

a. Don the protective mask.

b. Don the hood.

c. Zip the hood (M17-series protective mask only).

d. Adjust the neck cord.

e. Attach the underarm straps.

Note. The time standards for masking do not apply to this task.

4.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

a. Secure the MOPP gear by zipping all zippers and closing all closures.

b. Put on the chemical protective gloves (rubber gloves and liners).

c. Pull the elastic cuffs of the overgarment jacket sleeves over the cuffs of the chemical protective gloves.

Note. After assuming MOPP4 and performing all the tasks according to the unit SOP, perform the following actions:
1. Use all means of NBC detection to check your surrounding area for the presence of contamination.
2. Contact higher headquarters (HQ) if no contamination is found or if you determine the attack was non-NBC.
3. Await further guidance. (Higher HQ contacts all adjacent/attached units to check the status of NBC contamination in their areas. If all units report the absence of contamination, the information is reported up the chain of command.)
4. Annotate the above actions on your duty log (Department of the Army [DA] Form 1594).

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  Evaluate this task during a field exercise or during a normal training session.  Gather all necessary MOPP gear and ensure that it is in good condition.  Be ready to direct higher MOPP levels immediately as a soldier reaches a preceding level.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Put on MOPP gear for MOPP1.

--

--

2.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP2.

--

--

3.   Put on the protective mask with hood to reach MOPP3.

--

--

4.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

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--

Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures  are passed .  Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.  If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

DA Form 1594

TM 3-4240-300-10-2

 

FM 3-4

 

 

TM 3-4240-279-10

 

 

TM 3-4240-280-10