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Field Sanitation Team Brief

INTRODUCTION TO THE MEDICAL THREAT TO FIELD FORCES AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

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THE MEDICAL THREAT
to
FIELD FORCES
and
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
MEASURES

INTRODUCTION TO THE MEDICAL THREAT TO FIELD FORCES AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

OBJECTIVES

IMPORTANCE OF FIELD SANITATION TEAMS

FIELD SANITATION TEAMS

Field Sanitation Team Concept

Concept developed during the latter part of WWII when it became apparent preventive medicine expertise was needed at the unit level.

THE FIELD SANITATION TEAM

The first field sanitation team was established during WWII.

The control of malaria and other arthropod-borne diseases was beyond the capability of existing engineer and medical units, so commanders of company-size units were required to appoint malaria control details.

LEBANON – 1958

Widespread health problems led to creation of FST

FIELD SANITATION TEAM CONCEPT

Training enabled unit commander to provide for control of insects, proper disinfection of water, and safe food supplies and sanitation.

MEDICAL THREAT COMPONENTS

HEAT – the most lethal

YOM KIPPUR WAR IN 1967

20,000 Arab head casualties

128 Israeli heat casualties

MEDICAL THREAT COMPONENTS

HEAT – the most lethal

COLD

MEDICAL THREAT COMPONENTS

HEAT – the most lethal

COLD

BITING INSECTS

MEDICAL THREAT COMPONENTS

HEAT – the most lethal

COLD

BITING INSECTS

DIARRHEA

BRIGHT STAR – 1980

30% if U.S. forces infected with shigellosis

REASONS FOR VULNERABILITY

Harshness of the environment

REASONS FOR VULNERABILITY

Harshness of the environment

Body’s natural defenses reduced by fatigue/exposure

REASONS FOR VULNERABILITY

Harshness of the environment

Body’s natural defenses reduced by fatigue/exposure

Breakdown in basic sanitation

THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE FIELD ENVIRONMENT

ROLE OF THE FIELD SANITATION TEAM

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

Water disinfection

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

Water disinfection

Food service sanitation

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

Water disinfection

Food service sanitation

Waste disposal

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

Water disinfection

Food service sanitation

Waste disposal

Personal hygiene

BASIC PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES

Water disinfection

Food service sanitation

Waste disposal

Personal hygiene

Individual preventive medicine measures

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES AGAINST ARTHROPODS AND RODENTS

Basic sanitation measures

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES AGAINST ARTHROPODS AND RODENTS

Basic sanitation measures

Individual protective measures

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE MEASURES AGAINST ARTHROPODS AND RODENTS

Basic sanitation measures

Individual protective measures

Mechanical and chemical controls

REVIEW OF MAIN POINTS

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