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Signs and Symptoms of Shock

 

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Signs and Symptoms of Shock

1. Sweaty but cool skin

2. Paleness of skin

3. Restlessness, nervousness

4. Thirsty

5. Severe bleeding

Signs and Symptoms of Shock (Continued)

6. Confusion (does not seem to be aware of surroundings)

7. Rapid breathing

8. Blotchy or bluish skin (especially around the mouth)

9. Nausea

10. Vomiting

Elevate Feet

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Cramps

Muscle cramps of an

extremity and/or abdomen

Treatment For Heat Cramps

1. Move casualty to cool area

2. Loosen casualty’s clothing

Treatment For Heat Cramps (Continued)

3. Slowly drink 1 canteen of water

4. Notify medical personnel

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

Occurs often

Profuse sweating

Headache

Weakness

Dizziness

Loss of appetite

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion (Continued)

Occurs sometimes

Heat cramps

Nausea

Urge to defecate

Chills

Rapid breathing

Tingling hands, feet

Confusion

Treatment For Heat Exhaustion

1. Move casualty to cool area

2. Loosen clothing

Treatment For Heat Exhaustion (Con’t)

3. Slowly drink 1 canteen of water

4. Notify medical personnel

Signs and Symptoms of Heat Stroke

A. Headache-dizziness

B. Stomach pain-confusion

C. Weakness-lose consciousness

D. Seizures

E. Skin, hot and dry

F. Pulse and respiration is rapid and weak

Treatment For Heat Stroke

1. Notify medical personnel and evacuate as soon as possible, as heat stroke is a medical emergency, which may result in death.

Treatment For Heat Stroke
(Con’t)

2. Cool the casualty

A. Provide a shaded, cool area.

Treatment For Heat Stroke (Con’t)

2. Cool the casualty

B. Remove outer garments.

C. Have casualty lie down.

Treatment For Heat Stroke

2. Cool the casualty

D. Pour cool water over extremity.

Treatment For Heat Stroke (Con’t)

E. Slowly drink one quart of plain water.

In a chemical environment, individual is more prone to heat injury.

Myths

Trained to conserve water

Accustomed to heat.

Toughened up.

Prevent heat injury:

Drink plenty of water

Eat meals to replace salt loss.

Basic First Aid For Frostbite

Affected part

face

First aid

A. Cover casualty’s affected area with his bare hands until sensation, and color returns.

B. Keep the casualty warm; cover him to avoid further injury.

Basic First Aid For Frostbite (Con’t)

Affected part first aid

Hands a. Open the casualty’s field jacket and shirt.

B. Place the affected hand(s)

Under the casualty’s armpit(s).

C. Close the field jacket to prevent additional exposure.

D. Keep casualty warm; cover him to avoid further injury.

Basic First Aid For Frostbite (Con’t)

Affected part

Feet

First aid

A. Remove the casualty’s

Boots and socks.

B. Place the affected foot

under the clothing and against the body of another soldier.

C. Keep casualty warm; cover him to avoid

Further injury.

Change your socks.


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