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Trainers guide to successful marksmanship training


B-1.
Training Strategy:

Training
strategy is the overall concept for
integrating resources into a program
to train individual and collective
skills needed to perform a unit’s
wartime mission. The following guide
is intended to assist unit trainers in
planning and implementing a training
strategy tailored to the unit’s needs.
This guide divides the marksmanship
training program into five (5)
different phases with recommendations
on how to conduct them.

*
Zero the Weapon

*
Conduct Field Fire

*
Conduct Qualification Fire

*
Conduct Night Fire

*
Conduct NBC Qualification

It is
highly recommended that units not
attempt to conduct all five (5) phases
on one drill weekend! Past experience
indicates that a unit can quickly
become task-saturated and the quality
of training deteriorates. Conducting
the weapons zero, field fire, and
qualification are recommended for one
drill weekend. Conducting night fire
and NBC fire can be accomplished
during annual training or on make up
training.


B-2.
CONDUCT OF THE ZERO RANGE:

a.
Checklist

___
Schedule 25 meter (10 meter for
machine gun) range through RCSB and
Range Scheduling 90 days in advance.

___
Check two weeks out at Range Control
to verify schedule and finalize any
conflicts.

___
Recon range two days prior to
training.

___
Assign duties and organize cadre for
range.

___
Ensure that the OIC and Safety
Officer have current Fort McCoy
Range Safety Briefing.

___
Go to Range Control and sign for
range. The unit will supply staplers
to secure targets and all other
equipment.

___
Inspect range and ensure all
equipment is in working order.

b.
Concept of zeroing the M16A1-A2 rifle:
Simply put, the purpose of zeroing a
rifle is to align the sight with the
rifle barrel. When this is done
correctly the point of aim and the
point of bullet impact are at a
standard battle sight zero:

* 250
meters – M16A1

* 300
meters – M16A2

There
is no correlation between the zero on
one weapon and the zero for another
weapon. When a weapon is zeroed
correctly for one soldier it will be
very close to the zero for another
soldier. With a few subtle factors it
makes little difference whose eye is
looking through the sight.

c. To
Battle sight Zero the M16-A1/A-2

(1)
Set the sights to mechanical zero.

(a)
M16-A1

(1)
Flip the rear sight so that you can
see the (L).

(2)
Turn the rear sight windage drum until
it moves all the way to the left side
and locks. Then, turn the windage drum
back (right) 17 clicks so that the
rear sight is approximately centered.

(3)
Adjust the front sight post up or down
until the base of the front sight is
flush with the well. Then adjust the
front sight post 11 clicks in the
direction of UP.

(b)
M16-A2

(1)
Rotate the front sight post up or down
until the base is flush with the well.

(2)
Turn the windage knob on the rear
sight aperture until it is aligned
with the line in the center.

(3)
Then rotate the elevation knob all the
way counterclockwise until it stops.
Then rotate it one click clockwise
forward of the 8/3 mark.

(2)
The soldier will then fire one (1), 3
round shot group. After all weapons
have been cleared, the soldiers will
go down range to observe their target.
If the shot group is on the paper
target no changes are made. The
soldier will; triangulate the shot
group and label it number one (1). The
soldier will then fire another three
(3) round shot group. Again, after all
weapons have been cleared, the soldier
will move down range and triangulate
the 2nd group and label it number two
(2). If the two shot groups are in the
same relative area and within a 4cm
circle, the soldier along with the
instructor/trainer will determine
sight changes needed. The soldier will
then continue to fire three round shot
groups until he/she can place 5 out of
6 bullets within a 4cm circle on the
paper target. When the
instructor/trainer has determined that
the soldier has achieved the best
possible zero, the soldier is removed
from the firing line. The rear sight
aperture (M16A1) is then rotated so
that the (L) is not seen. The weapon
will have a battlesight zero for 250
meters. For the M16A2, the elevation
knob is moved back one click to line
up on the 8/3 mark. That weapon now
has a battlesight zero for 300 meters.


B-3.
Conduct of the Rifle Field Fire Range:

Rifle
field fire will normally be conducted
on Range 32. This range is
computerized and has 16 firing points.
These ranges have 3 targets in each
lane at distances of 75 meters, 175
meters and 300 meters. When a bullet
strikes a target, the vibration
activates a mechanism that causes the
target to fall, simulating a kill.
Range Control will provide a tower
operator for this range. The OIC will
coordinate with the tower operator for
specifics about running the range. The
soldier will fire two 20-round
magazines. One from the foxhole
supported position and one from the
prone unsupported. It is highly
recommended that if a soldier scores
less than 23 hits, that soldier should
not be sent to the qualification
range, but instead be given remedial
training and refire on the field fire
range until he/she can achieve at
least 23 hits.


B-4.
Conduct of the Record Fire Range:

a.
Rifle record fire will normally be
fired on Range 32 or Range 101. These
ranges are computerized and have 16
firing points. Range Control will
provide tower operators for these
ranges. The OIC will coordinate with
the tower operator for specifics about
running the range. Soldiers are
required to detect and engage targets
at distances ranging from 50 meters to
300 meters. Soldiers will fire two
twenty round magazines. The 1st will
be fired from the foxhole supported
position. The 2nd will be fired from
the prone unsupported position. The
following standards apply:


RATING


STANDARD

EXPERT

36-40

SHARPSHOOTER

30-35

MARKSMAN

23-29

UNQUALIFIED

22-BELOW

b.
Pistol record fire will normally take
place on Range 1. This range is
computerized and has 15 firing points.
Range Control will provide tower
operators for these ranges. The OIC
will coordinate with the tower
operator for specifics about running
the range. The following standards
apply:


RATING


STANDARD


#HITS(TIMES
10)

EXPERT

260-300

26-30

SHARPSHOOTER

210-250

21-25

MARKSMAN

160-200

16-20

UNQUALIFIED

150
AND BELOW

15
AND BELOW

c. To
take advantage of available daylight
commanders should consider consuming
the evening meal at these ranges. Mess
areas are available at both sites.


B-5.
CONDUCT OF ALTERNATE QUALIFICATION
COURSE:

Units
unable to utilize a computerized
qualification range may desire to fire
the alternate course qualification.
For information on running the rifle
alternate course "C" range
refer to FM 23-9, pages G48-G53. For
information on running the pistol
alternate course refer to FM 23-35,
pages B1-B8.


B-6.
CONDUCT OF NIGHT FIRE:

a.
Night fire can be conducted on
numerous ranges at Fort McCoy, but
ideally rifle night fire should be
conducted on Range 32 or Range 101.
These ranges are computerized and a
tower operator is provided by Range
Control.

b.
Trainers should consider the impact of
limited visibility on the soldier’s
ability to properly apply the
fundamentals of marksmanship and
combat firing skills. These include,
but are not limited to, operation and
maintenance of the weapon, immediate
action, target detection and
marksmanship fundamentals. Trainers
should also keep in mind the
Principles of Night Vision to include
dark adaptation. Soldiers remaining in
a completely darkened environment for
30 minutes will optimize their night
vision.

c.
For rifle night fire, soldiers will
fire two 15 round magazines. Magazines
should be loaded with 5 rounds of ball
ammunition and 10 rounds of tracer
ammunition. The soldier will fire the
1st magazine from the prone

unsupported
position at a "F" type (half
scale silhouette at a range of 25
meters. Soldiers will receive fifteen
10 second exposures. The soldier will
fire the 2nd magazine at an
"E" type (full scale)
silhouette at a range of 50 meters.
Again, the soldier will receive
fifteen 10 second exposures. The
soldiers must hit 7 targets to meet
the minimum performance standards. The
results are annotated on the soldier’s
record fire score card.

d.
For pistol night fire refer to FM
23-35 pages B1-B8.


B-7.
CONDUCT OF NBC FIRING:

a.
Most units will fire the basic 25
meter proficiency course. This can be
conducted on any range that has a 25
meter firing line.

b.
Soldiers will fire this course while
wearing gloves and protective mask
with hood.

(1)
For rifle fire soldiers will receive
two 10 round magazines. Soldiers will
engage 10 "F" type (half
scale) silhouettes with time exposures
of 3-5 seconds from the foxhole
supported position. They will then
engage 10 more "F" type
(half scale) silhouettes with 3-5
second exposures from the prone
unsupported position. Soldiers must
hit 11 out of 20 exposures to meet the
minimum requirement.

(2)
For pistol night fire refer to FM
23-35, pages B1-B8.

c.
Prior to soldiers firing, trainers
should review and demonstrate the
proper way to cant the weapon in order
to achieve a good sight picture.

d.
Soldiers without inserts for mask
should not fire NBC fire.


Annexes

1 –
Personnel and Duties

2 –
Range Operations Checklist

3 –
Rifle Range Safety Briefing

4 –
25 Meter Rifle Zero Tower Commands

5 –
Rifle Night Fire Tower Commands

6 –
Rifle NBC Fire Tower Commands

7 –
Pistol Alternate Qualification Course,
NBC Fire and Night Fire Tower Commands

8 –
Ammunition Requirements


Annex
1


PERSONNEL
AND DUTIES

To
provide both a safe and efficient range
operation and effective instruction, the
following is an example of personnel and
duties that may be required.


OIC

(E6 or above) – Responsible for the
overall operation of the range before,
during and after live firing.

Range
Safety Officer (E6 or above) –
Responsible for the safe operation of
the range to include conducting a safety
briefing before firing begins. He
insures that a brass and ammunition
check is made prior to a soldier
departing the range. He ensures that all
personnel comply with safety regulations
and procedures prescribed of a live fire
range. He should ensure that left-handed
firers utilize brass deflectors if
applicable. This officer should not be
assigned other duties.


NCOIC

– He assists the OIC and Safety Officer
as required i.e. by supervising enlisted
personnel who are supporting the live
fire exercise.

Ammunition
Detail – This detail is composed of one
or more ammunition handlers whose
responsibilities are to break down,
issue, receive, account for and
safeguard live ammunition. The detail
also collects expended ammunition
casings and other residue.

Unit
Armorer – He repairs the rifles to
include replacing parts as required.

Assistant
Safety Officer – One assistant safety
officer is assigned for each one to ten
firing points. Each assistant safety
officer ensures that all firers observe
safety regulations and procedures and
assists firers having problems.

Combat
Lifesaver – Provide medical support to
unit and stabilizes soldiers until
arrival of Fort McCoy EMTs.

Tower
Operator – He raises and lowers targets,
times exposures, and give the fire
commands.


Annex
2


RANGE
OPERATIONS CHECKLIST


2-1.
Mission Analysis

a. Who
will be firing on the range? Number of
personnel? Units?

b. What
weapons and course will be used?

c.
Where will the training be conducted?

d. When
is the range scheduled for operations?


2-2.
Double Check

a. Has
sufficient ammunition been requested for
the number of personnel?

b. Are
range facilities adequate for the type
of training to be conducted?

c. Has
enough time been scheduled to complete
training?

d. Have
conflicts that surfaced been resolved?


2-3.
Become an Expert

a.
Review TMs and FMs on the weapons to be
fired.

b. Talk
with the armorers and other personnel
experienced with the weapons to be
fired.

c.
Review AR 385-63, Policies and
Procedures for Firing Ammunition for
Training, Target Practice and Combat.

d.
Visit Range Control and read
installation range instructions.

e. View
safety films and obtain Range Safety
Certification.

f.
Reconnoiter the range.

g.
Check to see if training tasks can be
integrated into the range training plan.


2-4.
Determine Requirements

a.
Personnel

(1)
OIC

(2)
Safety Officer

(3)
Assistant Safety Officer (As per
required number for weapon system)

(4)
NCOIC

(5)
Ammunition NCO

(6)
Ammunition personnel (determined by
type of range)

(7)
Target detail

(8)
Tower operator

(9)
Concurrent training instructors

(10)
Assistant instructors

(11)
RATELO

(12)
Guards (as per range requirements)

(13)
Combat lifesaver

(14)
Air guard

(15)
Armorer

(16)
Truck driver (range personnel and
equipment)

(17)
Mechanic for vehicles

(18)
Have you over-staffed your range?

b.
Equipment

(1)
Range packet and clearance form
(picked up at Range Control)

(2)
Safety fan and diagram if applicable

(3)
Other safety equipment if applicable
(aiming circle, compass)

(4)
Appropriate publications pertaining to
the training that will be conducted

(5)
Lesson plans, status reports and
reporting folder

(6)
Range light for night fire

(7)
Radios

(8)
Field telephone and wire

(9)
292 if necessary

(10)
PA set with backup bullhorn

(11)
Concurrent training markers

(12)
Training aids for concurrent training
stations

(13)
Tentage (briefing tent, warm-up tent)

(14)
Space heaters if needed

(15)
Equipment to mark range cadre

(16)
Safety paddles and vehicle flag sets

(17)
Lights for night fire ranges

(18)
Earplugs

(19)
Water for drinking and cleaning

(20)
Scorecards

(21)
Master score sheet

(22)
Armorer’s tools and cleaning equipment
for weapons

(23)
Brooms, shovels, and other cleaning
supplies and equipment

(24)
Tables and chairs, if needed

(25)
Target accessories (Staple gun etc.)

(26)
Fire extinguishers

(27)
Tarp, stakes, and ropes to cover
ammunition

(28)
Toilet Paper

(29)
Spare weapons and repair parts as
needed

(30)
Tow bar and slave cables for vehicles

(31)
Targets

c.
Determine Available Resources

(1)
Fill personnel spaces

(2)
Keep unit integrity

(3)
Utilize NCOs

(4)
Effect coordination with supporting
organizations:


Ammunition


Transportation


Training Aids


Medics


Weapons


Other Equipment


2-5.
Foolproofing

(a)
Write an overall lesson plan for the
range

(b)
Organize a plan for firing


Determine range organization


Outline courses of fire to be used


Have fire commands typed for use on
range

– Set
rotation schedules

(c)
Rehearse concurrent training instructors
and assistants

(d)
Brief RATELO on range control operating
procedures

(e)
Collect equipment for use on range

(f)
Obtain training aids


2-6.
Occupying the range and conducting
training

(a)
Request permission to occupy the range

(b)
Establish two means of communications

(c)
Designate specific areas;


Parking (No POVs)


Ammunition point


Medical station


Water point


Concurrent training


Mess

(d)
Inspect range for operational condition

(e)
Raise range flag when occupying

(f)
Check ammunition to ensure it is correct
type and quantity

(g)
Ensure that range cadre are in proper
uniform and equipment is in position

(h)
Receive firing units

(i)
Conduct safety briefing

(j)
Organize personnel into firing orders

(k)
Request wet status from range control


2-7.
Conduct of firing

(a)
Maintain communications with range
control

(b)
Commands from tower clear and concise

(c)
Range areas policed

(d)
Ammunition accountability maintained

(e)
Master score sheet updated

(f)
Personnel accountability maintained

(g)
Vehicles combat parked in proper areas

(h) Air
guard on duty and alert

(i)
Personnel in proper uniform

(j)
Earplugs in use

(k)
Troops responding properly to commands

(l)
On-the-spot corrections being made when
troops use poor techniques or fail to
hit the target as applicable.

(m)
Conservation of ammunition being
enforced

(n)
Weapons being cleared and rodded prior
to leaving the firing line

(o)
Personnel being checked for brass and
ammunition prior to leaving the range


2-8.
Closing of range

(a)
Request dry time from range control

(b)
Report total number by type of rounds
fired and total troops trained.

(c)
Police and drag range (complete
inspection sheet in range book).

(d)
Call range control for inspector.

(e)
Turn in all equipment and clear hand
receipts.


Annex
3

RIFLE
RANGE SAFETY BRIEFING

The two
red and white candy-striped poles,
located on the far right and far left
(point to them) are the range left and
right limits. Firers never fire or point
their rifles outside the limits of these
poles.

When
not on the firing line, the selector
lever is on SAFE, the bolt is locked to
the rear and the dust cover is open.
(Demonstrate)

Firers
will always enter and exit the firing
line at the base of the tower.

Before
occupying the firing positions, inspect
the positions for harmful animals and
insects.

Firers
will always point the muzzle of the
rifle down range whenever on the firing
line. The firing finger is not placed
within the trigger housing area.
(Demonstrate)

Smoke
only in designated smoking areas.

You
will not eat or drink on the firing line
unless the tower operator permits you to
drink from your canteen,

Never
touch your weapon while personnel are
downrange or in front of the firing
line.

Load
the weapon only on the command from the
tower.

Never
fire without wearing hearing protection.

Before
leaving the firing line the weapon must
be rodded by the Range Safety Officer.

Consider
the weapon loaded at all times, even in
the break area. Never point the weapon
at anyone.

Left-handed
firers will fire the M16A1 with the
left-handed brass deflector attached to
the rifle.

Anyone
observing an unsafe act will immediately
call CEASE-FIRE, place his weapon on
safe, place it in the V-notch stake and
then give the vocal alarm and visual
signal for cease-fire.

Once
cleared off the firing line, firers will
immediately report to the ammunition
point and turn in all ammunition and
expended brass.

No one
will leave the range until they have
been inspected for ammunition and brass.

NOTE:
When an electrical storm occurs, the
Safety Officer will direct the tower
operator to prepare to disperse
soldiers. At that time, the tower will
give the command to lock and clear all
weapons and ground equipment except for
wet weather gear. The tower operator
will then direct soldiers to a safe
area.

Are
there any questions?


Annex
4

25
METER RIFLE ZERO TOWER COMMANDS

Firers
stand behind your positions and place
your weapons in the V-notched stake.

Firers
adjust your sand bags and, taking your
weapon from the V-notched stake, assume
a good prone supported position.
Practice sighting on the (indicate which
target i.e. lower left target.)

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times.) The firing line is no longer
clear.

Firers
lock and load one three round magazine.

Is the
firing line ready?

Ready
on the right? Ready on the left?

Firers
move your selector switch to semi and
commence firing.

(After
firing is completed) Cease Fire, Cease
Fire, Cease Fire

Firers
place your weapon on safe, remove the
magazine, lock the bolt to the rear,
visually check the chamber and place the
weapon in the V-notched stake. After you
have completed this the AI will check
your weapon and you may stand up.

Clear
on the right? Clear on the left? The
firing line is clear.

Firers,
staying on line, move down range and
mark your shot group and face the tower
when you are done.

Firers,
staying on line, move back to your
firing position. DO NOT TOUCH YOUR
WEAPON UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO BY THE TOWER.

(After
all firers are up from down range)
Firers make your sight adjustments.

(After
the above is completed) Firers who are
zeroed pick up your weapon and keeping
it pointed up and down range proceed to
the base of the tower where it will be
rodded.

REPEAT
THE COMMANDS UNTIL ALL SOLDIERS ARE
ZEROED!


Annex
5

RIFLE
NIGHT FIRE TOWER COMMANDS

Firers
once your weapon has been rodded move up
to the firing line.

Execute
a left or right face in the center of
the firing line and move out to your
assigned point keeping the weapon up and
down range at all times.

Once
you reach your assigned point ground
your weapon in the V-notched stake and
lower yourself down into a good prone
unsupported firing position.

Safeties,
once all your personnel are in position,
turn your red light off.

Safety
Officer, once all your red lights are
off, you should turn on your green
light.

The
firing line is ready.

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times)

Firers,
reach over and secure your weapon
keeping the weapon up and down range.

Secure
your 1st 15 round magazine. Lock and
load.

Ready
on the right? Ready on the left?*

Firers
rotate your selector switch from safe to
semi and prepare to defend your
position.

(After
firing is completed) Cease Fire, Cease
Fire, Cease Fire.

Firers
Lock and load your 2nd 15 round
magazine.

Ready
on the right? ready on the left?*

(After
firing is complete) Cease Fire, Cease
Fire, Cease Fire.

Firers
place the weapon on safe, remove the
magazine, lock the bolt to the rear,
visually inspect the chamber and place
the weapon in the V-notched stake. After
you have completed this the safety will
check your weapon and you may stand up.

Safeties,
turn on your red flashlight and check
your points by inserting the coned
flashlight into the magazine well to
verify that the weapon is clear.

**Safeties,
once all your personnel are clear turn your
red light off. Safety officer once all
red lights are off put your green light
on.

Clear
on the right? Clear on the Left?

Firers
secure your weapons and two magazines.
Execute a left or right face and move to
the center of the firing line, keeping
your weapon up and down range, to have
your weapons rodded.

*
(Safeties will turn on their red light
only if not ready)

**
(Safeties will keep lights on if not
clear)


Annex
6

RIFLE
NBC FIRE TOWER COMMANDS

Firers,
once your weapon has been rodded execute
a left or right face at the center of
the range and move out to your assigned
point keeping your weapon up and down
range.

When
you reach your assigned point ground
your weapon in the V-notched stake, get
into the foxhole and make any
adjustments to your sand bags.

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times)

Ready
on the right? Ready on the left?

Firers
only GAS! GAS! GAS!

(Give
firers time to mask and replace helmet)

Firers
reach over and secure your weapon
keeping the weapon up and down range
assume a good foxhole supported firing
position.

Lock
and load your 1st 10 round magazine.

Ready
on the right? Ready on the left? The
firing line is ready.

Firers
rotate your selector switch from safe to
semi and prepare to defend your
position.

(After
firing has been completed) Cease Fire,
Cease Fire, Cease Fire

Firers
place the weapon on safe, remove the
magazine, lock the bolt to the rear and
visually inspect the chamber. After you
have completed this place your weapon in
the V-notched stake and wait to be
cleared by the safety.

Clear
on the right? Clear on the left? The
firing line is clear.

Firers
exit the foxhole to the rear and stand
behind your weapon. While doing so reach
over and secure your 2nd 10 round
magazine.

Firers
reach down and secure your weapon.

Keeping
the weapon up and down range move to the
(left or right depending on range)
side of the foxhole and assume a good
prone unsupported firing position.

Lock
and load your 2nd 10 round magazine.

Ready
on the right? ready on the Left? the
firing line is ready.

Firers
rotate your selector switch from safe to
semi and prepare to defend your
position.

(After
firing is completed) Cease Fire, Cease
Fire, Cease Fire.

Firers
place the weapon on safe, remove the
magazine, lock the bolt to the rear,
visually inspect the chamber and wait to
be cleared by the safety.

Clear
on the right? Clear on the left? The
firing line is clear.

ALL
CLEAR (Firers may unmask)

Firers
secure your weapons and magazines.
Keeping the weapon up and down range
execute a left or right face, move to
the center of the range and have your
weapon rodded off the range.


Annex
7

PISTOL
ALTERNATE QUALIFICATION COURSE,

NBC
FIRE AND NIGHT FIRE TOWER COMMANDS


ALTERNATE
QUALIFICATION COURSE:

(Conducted with E-type silhouette with
rings)

Firers
move to the base of the tower and have
your weapon rodded. After rodding
execute a left or right face and
proceed to your numbered stake,
keeping your weapon up and down range.

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times.)

Secure
your 7 round magazine.

Table
one, standing position, seven rounds.
You will have 21 seconds to engage
your targets.

Lock
and Load*.

Is
the line ready on the left? The right?
The firing line is ready.

Firers,
commence firing.

Cease
Fire, Cease Fire, Cease Fire (After 21
seconds)

Are
there any alibis? (Give alibis 8
seconds for each round not fired)

Unload
and clear your weapon.

Is
the firing line clear left? Clear
right? The firing line is clear.

Firers,
place your weapon down, slides locked
to the rear and proceed downrange with
your scorer and check your target.
Once you have finished face the tower.

Firers
and scorers move back up range. Do not
touch your weapon until told to do so
by the tower.

Firers
secure your weapon and two magazines,
one with 6 rounds and one with 7
rounds.

Table
two, kneeling position with magazine
change. You will have 45 seconds to
engage your targets.

Lock
and load* one six round magazine. Load
your seven round magazine without
command.

Is
the firing line ready on the left? The
right? The firing line is ready.

Firers,
commence firing.

Cease
Fire, Cease Fire, Cease Fire (After 45
seconds)

Are
there any alibis? (Allow 8 seconds for
each round not fired.)

Unload
and clear all weapons.

Is
the firing line clear on the left? On
the right? The firing line is clear.

Firers,
place your weapon down, slides locked
to the rear and proceed downrange with
your scorer and check your target.
Once you have finished face the tower.

Firers
and scorers move back up range. Do not
touch your weapon until told to do so
by the tower.

Firers
secure your weapon and two 5 round
magazines.

Table
four, crouch position with magazine
change. You will have 35 seconds to
engage your targets.

Lock
and load* one five round magazine.
Load your second five round magazine
without command.

Is
the firing line ready on the left? The
right? The firing line is ready.

Firers,
commence firing.

Cease
Fire, Cease Fire, Cease Fire (After 35
seconds)

Are
there any alibis? (Allow 8 seconds for
each round not fired.)

Unload
and clear all weapons.

Is
the firing line clear on the left? On
the right? The firing line is clear.

Firers,
place your weapon down, slides locked
to the rear and proceed downrange with
your scorer and check your target.
Once you have finished face the tower.

Firers
and scorers move back up range. Do not
touch your weapon until told to do so
by the tower.

Firers
police up your brass and move to the
base of the tower to have your weapon
rodded.

*NOTE:
When using the 9MM pistol, the first
round is fired in the double-action
mode for all four tables.


SCORING:
Firer must
achieve at least 24 hits with a minimum
score of 80 to qualify. The target hits
are multiplied by the number inside the
scoring rings to determine the score. No
credit is given for rounds fired after
the command Cease Fire. Shots that touch
the next higher scoring ring are scored
the next higher value.


RATING


STANDARD

Expert

160-200

Sharpshooter

120-159

Marksman

80-119

Unqualified

79
or below or less than 24 hits

NBC
Fire

GO/NO
GO

Night
Fire

GO/NO
GO


NBC
FIRE:

Firers
move to the base of the tower to have
your weapon rodded and then move to
your numbered stake, keeping your
weapon up and down range and place
your weapon down.

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times.)

Ready
on the left? Ready on the right?

Firers
only GAS! GAS! GAS! (Give firers time
to mask and replace helmets)

Firers
reach over and secure your weapon and
2 magazines.

(NOTE:
one 15 and one 5 round magazine for
M9; two 7 round magazines for M1911A1)

NBC
fire, crouch position with magazine
change. You will have (10 seconds per
round plus 10 second magazine change)
to engage your targets.

Lock
and load one magazine*. (M9 firers
load 5 round magazine first; M1911A1
firers load 6 round magazine first.)
Load your second magazine without
command.

Is
the firing line ready on the left? The
right? The firing line is ready.

Firers,
commence firing.

Cease
Fire, Cease Fire, Cease Fire (After
correct time length.)

Are
there any alibis? (Allow 10 seconds
for each round not fired.)

Unload
and clear all weapons. Place your
weapon down when cleared by the AI.

Is
the firing line clear on the left? On
the right? The firing line is clear.

Firers
only All Clear. (Allow firers time to
unmask.)

Firers,
proceed downrange with your scorer and
check your target. Once you have
finished face the tower.

Firers
and scorers move back up range. Do not
touch your weapon until told to do so
by the tower.

Firers
police up your brass and move to the
base of the tower to have your weapon
rodded.

*NOTE:
M9 firers must place their weapons in
the double-action mode.

SCORING:
7 target hits – GO; 6 or below NO GO


NIGHT
FIRE:

Firers
move to the bottom of the tower and
have your weapon rodded. Proceed to
your numbered stake keeping the weapon
up and down range.

Safeties,
once all your personnel are in
position, turn your red light off.

Safety
Officer, once all your red lights are
off, you should turn on your green
light.

Is
there anyone down range? (Repeat three
times.)

Firers
secure (two 15 magazines for M9 or
four 7 round and one 2 round magazines
for M1911A1).

Night
fire, crouch position with magazine
changes. You will have (10 seconds for
each round with 8 seconds for magazine
change) to engage your targets.

Lock
and load one magazine ( M9 firers must
place weapon in the double-action
mode; M1911A1 must load 2 round
magazine.)

Is
the firing line ready on the left? The
right? The firing line is ready.

Firers,
commence firing.

Cease
Fire, Cease Fire, Cease Fire (After
correct time length.)

Are
there any alibis? (Allow 10 seconds
for each round not fired.)

Unload
and clear all weapons. Place your
weapon down when cleared by the AI.

Firers,
proceed downrange with your scorer and
check your target. Once you have
finished face the tower.

Firers
and scorers move back up range. Do not
touch your weapon until told to do so
by the tower.

Firers
police up your brass and move to the
base of the tower to have your weapon
rodded.

SCORING:
5 target hits – GO; 4 or below – NO GO


Annex
8

AMMUNITION
REQUIREMENTS


8-1.
M16A1/A2.


TASK


No.
Rounds Ball


No.
Rounds Tracer

Zero
M16A1/A2

18

0

Field
Fire

40

0

Qualification

40

0

NBC
Fire

20

0

Night
Fire

10

20

TOTAL

128

20


8-2.
9MM/M1911A1.


TASK


No.
Rounds Ball

Qualification

40

NBC
Fire

30

Night
Fire

20

TOTAL

90

Note 1:
Ammunition requirements are per soldier.

Note 2:
Trainers must plan for additional rounds
for retraining and refires. The number
of rounds will depend on the skill level
of the unit/soldier.


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