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Army Leadership Requirements Model

A common basis for thinking and learning about leadership and associated doctrine from FM 6-22, Army Leadership

FM 1, one of the Army’s two capstone manuals,
states that the Army exists to serve the American people, protect enduring
national interests, and fulfill the Nation’s military responsibilities. To
accomplish this requires values-based leadership, impeccable character, and
professional competence. The figure below shows the Army leadership requirements
model. It provides a common basis for thinking and learning about leadership and
associated doctrine. All of the model’s components are interrelated.

Leadership Requirements

What an
Army Leader is:
A Leader
of character
  • Army Values
  • Empathy
  • Warrior Ethos

A Leader with presence

  • Military Bearing
  • Physically Fit
  • Composed, Confident
  • Resilient

A Leader with intellectual capacity

  • Mental Agility
  • Sound Judgement
  • Innovation
  • Interpersonal Tact
  • Domain Knowledge


Core Leader Competencies

What an Army Leader
  • Leads Others
  • Extends Influence Beyond The
    Chain of Command
  • Leads By Example
  • Communicates


  • Creates A Positive Environment
  • Prepares Self
  • Develops Others


  • Gets Results


The model’s basic components center on what a
leader is and what a leader does. The leader’s character, presence, and
intellect enable the leader to master the core leader competencies through
dedicated lifelong learning. The balanced application of the critical leadership
requirements empowers the Army leader to build high-performing and cohesive
organizations able to effectively project and support land power. It also
creates positive organizational climates, allowing for individual and team
learning, and empathy for all team members, Soldiers, civilians, and their

Three major factors determine a leader’s
character: values, empathy, and the Warrior Ethos. Some characteristics are
present at the beginning of the leader’s career, while others develop over time
through additional education, training, and experience.

A leader’s physical presence determines how
others perceive that leader. The factors of physical presence are military
bearing, physical fitness, confidence, and resilience. The leader’s intellectual
capacity helps to conceptualize solutions and acquire knowledge to do the job. A
leader’s conceptual abilities apply agility, judgment, innovation, interpersonal
tact, and domain knowledge. Domain knowledge encompasses tactical and technical
knowledge as well as cultural and geopolitical awareness.

Source: FM 6-22, Army Leadership (Competent,
Confident and Agile)