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181-105-2002 (SL2) - Conduct Combat Operations According to the Law of War

Standards: Conducted operations in accordance with the Law of War and employed actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.

Conditions:
You are a soldier in a deployed unit who has
a mission that requires you and your
subordinates to be actively involved in
operations governed by the Law of War.

Standards:
Conducted operations in accordance with the
Law of War and employed actions to prevent
violations of the Law of War.

Performance
Steps

1.   Identify the key elements of the Hague and Geneva
conventions that pertain to combat
operations.

a.
Unlawful and lawful
targets.

b.
Noncombatants.

c.
Lawful use of force.

d.
Protected
property-property dedicated to the
humanities; structures and items of
cultural or historical significance;
and schools, orphanages, and other
places dedicated to the use and
benefit of children.

e.
Protected medical
transports and facilities.

f. 
Proper use of medical
service symbols, a flag of truce,
national emblems, and/or insignia or
uniforms of an opposing force.

g.
Define perfidy and
treachery.

h.
Proportionate use of
force.

i.  
Weapons and actions that
cause unnecessary suffering and
harm.

j.  
Duties of the captor to
prisoners of war, retained persons,
and detainees.

k.
Duties of combatants
toward civilians and civilian
property.

l.  
Rights, responsibilities,
and discipline of prisoners of war.

m.  
War crimes constituting
grave breaches.

n.
State obligations when
evidence of a war crime exists.

o.
Requirements
to report Law of War violations.

2.   Employ actions to prevent violations of the Law of
War.

a.
Protect-

(1) 
Noncombatants/civilians.

(2) 
Property.

(3)  Prisoners of war,
retained persons, and detainees.

(4) 
Medical transports and
facilities.

b.
Prevent engagement of
unlawful targets.

(1) 
Protective emblems.

(2) 
Noncombatants and
protected property.

(3) 
Indiscriminate fire.

(4) 
Rules of engagement.

c.
List actions to prevent
excessive use of force.

d.
List actions to prevent
unauthorized use of medical service
symbols, flags of truce, national
emblems, and enemy uniform/insignia.

e.
List actions to prevent
unnecessary destruction or seizure
of property.

f. 
List actions to prevent
unnecessary suffering and harm.

g.
List actions to enforce
the rights and responsibilities of
prisoners of war.

h.
Describe the obligations
of a military commander with respect
to prevention, suppression, and
prosecution of war crimes.

i.  
Describe the concept of
command responsibility in relation
to war crimes.

j.  
List methods for
reporting violations of the Law of
War.

Evaluation
Preparation:

Setup:
Evaluate this task at the end of Law of War
training.

Brief
Soldier:
Tell the soldier that he will
be evaluated on his ability to conduct
combat operations in accordance with the Law
of War and employ actions to prevent
violations of the Law of War.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Employed actions that prevented Law of War
violations and war crimes to
protect-





a.
Noncombatants and
civilians.

 


 


b.
Property.

 


 


c.
Prisoners
of war and detainees.

 


 


d.
Protected
medical transports and facilities.

 


 


2.   Employed actions that prevented Law of War
violations and war crimes:





a.
Engagement of unlawful
targets.

 


 


b.
Excessive
use of force.

 


 


c.
Unauthorized
use of medical services symbol, flag
of truce, national emblems, and
enemy insignias and uniforms.

 


 


d.
Unnecessary
suffering and harm.

 


 


3.   Employed actions that enforce the rights and
responsibilities of prisoners of war.





4.   Listed the duties of the captor to prisoners of
war, retained persons, and detainees.





5.   Listed the duties of combatants toward civilians
and civilian property.





6.   Listed the rights and responsibilities of prisoners
of war.





7.   Listed war crimes that constitute grave breaches.





8.   Listed the State obligations that occur when
evidence of a war crime exists.





9.   Listed the requirement to report Law of War
violations.





10. Listed the specific rules of engagement.





11. Listed the commander’s primary responsibilities.





Evaluation
Guidance:
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show
him what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.