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031-503-4002 (SL2) - Supervise Unit Preparation for a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Attack

Created by: Team Quinstreet
Posted : Monday January 01, 1900

Standards: Supervised unit preparation for a NBC attack. Prepared and protected materiel from becoming damaged, contaminated, or inoperable and unit personnel from becoming casualties. Standards are not degraded if performed in MOPP 4; however, because of the amount of physical work that must be done in this task, serious performance degradation may result if soldiers are in MOPP gear.

Conditions:
You are given commander’s guidance, a
radio, pioneer tools (ax, shovel, mattock),
chemical alarms, chemical agent detector
kits, covering materials (plastic sheets,
ponchos, or tarpaulins), and soldiers who
have their mission-oriented protective
posture (MOPP) gear.

Standards:
Supervised unit preparation for a NBC
attack. Prepared and protected materiel from
becoming damaged, contaminated, or
inoperable and unit personnel from becoming
casualties. Standards are not degraded if
performed in MOPP 4; however, because of the
amount of physical work that must be done in
this task, serious performance degradation
may result if soldiers are in MOPP gear.

Performance
Steps

1.   Supervise unit preparation for a nuclear attack.

a.
Individual protection.

(1) 
Ensure that personnel
are sheltered in well-constructed
fighting positions with overhead
cover, bunkers, and/or armored
vehicles.

(2) 
Ensure that personnel
cover all exposed skin (roll
sleeves down, button collars). A
handkerchief or similar cloth may
be worn over the nose and mouth to
prevent inhalation of contaminated
dust.

b. Position.

(1) 
Ensure that the terrain
is used effectively to minimize
the effects of an attack.

(2) 
Ensure that the type of
available shelter selected
(covered foxholes, field-expedient
overhead cover, buildings, tents,
and armored vehicles) provides the
best protection from weapon
effects.

c.
Materiel.

(1) 
Ensure that supplies,
equipment, and vehicles are
dispersed and/or dug in as much as
possible. Ensure that explosives,
ammunition, and flammables (fuel
and oil) have been dispersed
and/or dug in. Cover them if
possible.

(2) 
Ensure that existing
cover provides protection and
natural shielding for vehicles,
supplies, and equipment from a
nuclear explosion. Ensure that
vans are parked so their air
conditioner intakes are opposite
the prevailing wind direction.
Ensure that air conditioners are
turned off and intakes are covered
with nonporous materials (plastic
sheets or ponchos).

(3) 
Ensure that flammable
debris is kept to a minimum.
Ensure that small objects are
secured to minimize the danger of
casualties and damage from flying
debris.

(4) 
Ensure that all food
and water are tightly sealed in
containers and secured under
available cover.

(5) 
Ensure that all
electronic equipment and radios
are turned off, if not required
for use.

(6) 
Ensure that power
cables, antennas, and unused
electronic equipment are
disconnected and removed from
power mounts.

(7) 
Ensure that
communications and electronics
equipment are placed inside
bunkers or armored vehicles to
enhance protection against an
electromagnetic pulse (EMP).

d.
Unit. Ensure that NBC
equipment operators prepare the
equipment for use.

2.   Supervise unit preparation for a biological attack.

a.
Individual protection.

(1) 
Coordinate with medical
personnel for needed
immunizations.

(2) 
Ensure soldiers
practice good hygiene and field
sanitation procedures.

(3) 
Ensure soldiers are in
good physical condition (well
rested, well fed, and healthy).

(4) 
Ensure soldiers button
clothing and cover exposed skin or
wear the appropriate MOPP level.

(5) 
Ensure soldiers check
protective masks and individual
equipment for serviceability.

(6) 
Coordinate with supply
personnel for needed parts and
equipment.

b.
Position.

(1) 
Ensure the terrain is
used effectively to minimize the
effects of an attack.

(2) 
Ensure the type of
available shelter selected
(covered foxholes, field-expedient
overhead cover, buildings, tents,
and armored vehicles) provides the
best protection from weapon
effects.

c.
Materiel.

(1) 
Ensure all food and
water are tightly sealed in
containers and secured under
available cover.

(2) 
Ensure unused supplies
and equipment are covered to avoid
surface contamination from an
aerial spray attack.

(3) 
Ensure vans are parked
so their air conditioner intakes
are opposite the prevailing wind
direction. Ensure air conditioners
are turned off and intakes are
covered with nonporous materials
(plastic sheets or ponchos).

3.   Supervise unit preparation for a chemical attack.

a.
Individual protection.

(1) 
Ensure soldiers are in
good physical condition (well
rested, well fed, and healthy).

(2) 
Ensure soldiers check
protective equipment for
serviceability and coordinate with
supply personnel for replacement
parts and equipment.

(3) 
Ensure the appropriate
MOPP level is assumed.

(4) 
Ensure individuals seek
available overhead cover or use
ponchos, plastic sheets,
tarpaulins, and so forth to cover
their positions.

(5) 
Ensure antidotes and
decontaminating kits are
serviceable and readily available.

b.
Position.

(1) 
Ensure the terrain is
used effectively to minimize the
effects of an attack.

(2) 
Ensure the type of
available shelter selected
(covered foxholes, field-expedient
overhead cover, buildings, tents,
and armored vehicles) provides the
best protection from weapon
effects.

c.
Materiel.

(1) 
Ensure all equipment,
supplies, and vehicles are
dispersed as much as possible.
Ensure that these items are
covered with nonporous materials
(plastic sheets or ponchos). As a
last resort, use dense foliage.

(2) 
Ensure vans are parked
so their air conditioner intakes
are opposite the prevailing wind
direction. Ensure that air
conditioners are turned off and
intakes are covered with nonporous
materials (plastic sheets or
ponchos).

(3) 
Ensure unpackaged food
is in sealed containers. Ensure
soldiers open food only when they
are ready to eat it, keep water in
sealed containers, and cover items
if possible.

d.
Unit. Ensure operators of
NBC equipment prepare the equipment
for use.

Evaluation
Preparation:

Setup:
To evaluate this task, choose a site that
allows the dispersing and/or digging in of
vehicles, supplies, and equipment. You may
decide to quiz the soldier on performance
measures that are difficult to evaluate
otherwise, such as individual preparation
for a biological attack.

Brief
Soldier:
Tell the soldier he will be
evaluated on his ability to supervise unit
preparations for an NBC attack.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Supervised unit preparation for a nuclear attack.





2.   Supervised unit preparation for a biological
attack.





3.   Supervised unit preparation for a chemical attack.





Evaluation
Guidance:
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier fails any performance
measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM
3-4