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# Land Nav Task 14 - Determine Direction without a Compass

Standards: Identified north and east within 15 degrees.

Conditions:
During daylight and at night (with a clear
view of the Big Dipper), given a wristwatch
(not digital), the soldier must determine
direction in a field environment with
natural vegetation available.

Standards:
Identified north and east within 15 degrees.

Note.
All of the procedures given in this task
give approximate directions. For accurate
directions, a compass must be used.

Evaluation
Preparation:

Setup:
Directionally orient yourself to an area
that is unfamiliar to the soldier to be
tested.

Brief
Soldier: Accompany the soldier to the
area and tell the soldier to use the
field-expedient methods to determine which
direction is north and east. Use a compass
direction of your choice. Do not tell the
soldier how he or she did on performance
measure 1 until he or she completes
performance measure 2.

Note.
Before the soldier is scored a GO for this
task, he or she must display proficiency in
all three field-expedient methods of
determining direction without a compass.
However, performance measure 3 must be
tested in a different location.

 Performance Measures GO NO GO 1.   Determined direction using the shadow-tip field-expedient method — — a. Placed a stick vertically into the ground at a desired spot. b. Marked the tip of the stick’s shadow to represent west. c.  Waited 10 to 15 minutes. d. Marked a new position of the tip of the stick’s shadow to represent east. e. Drew an east-west line through the two shadow-tip marks. f.   Drew a north-south line at a right angle to the east-west line. g. Pointed in the required direction within 15 degrees. 2.   Determined direction using the watch field-expedient method. — — a. In the Northern Hemisphere, pointed the hour hand of the watch at the sun; in the Southern Hemisphere, pointed the 12 o’clock position of the watch at the sun. b. Pointed in the required direction within 15 degrees. 3.   Determined direction using the North Star field-expedient method. — — a. Located the Big Dipper. b. Located Polaris, the North Star. c.  Pointed in the required direction within 15 degrees.

Evaluation
Guidance:
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show
the soldier what was done wrong and how to
do it correctly.

 References Required Related FM 3-25.26

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