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331-202-1049 (SL1) - Comply with the Requirements of the Code of Conduct

Standards: Acted in accordance with the standards represented in Articles l through VI of the Code of Conduct.

Conditions:
Given a Survival, Evasion, Resistance or
Escape (SERE) situation or a captivity
environment.

Standards:
Acted in accordance with the standards
represented in Articles l through VI of the
Code of Conduct.

 

Performance
Steps

1.   Comply with
Article I: I am an American,
fighting in the forces which guard my
country and our way of life. I am
prepared to give my life in their
defense.

Explanation.
The code apples to all service members
at all times, whether in active
combat, in captivity, or in peacetime
as a result of hostage situations and
terrorist activities. Members of the
Armed Forces have a duty to support
U.S. interests and oppose U.S. enemies
regardless of the circumstances.

2. 
Comply with Article
II: I will never surrender of my own
free will. If in command, I will never
surrender the members of my command
while they still have the means to
resist.

Explanation. 
Members of the Armed Forces may
never surrender voluntarily. A
soldier’s duty is to avoid capture
and return to friendly forces even
when isolated, and no longer able to
inflict casualties on the enemy or
otherwise defend themselves. 
The means to evade is
considered exhausted when escape is
impossible. The means to resist is
considered exhausted when further
fighting would lead to the soldier’s
death with no significant loss to the
enemy.

3.   Comply with
Article III: If I am captured, I
will continue to resist by all means
available. I will make every effort to
escape and aid others to escape. I
will accept neither parole nor special
favors from the enemy.

Explanation. 
Members of the Armed Forces
must understand that a captive
situation is to be considered an
extension of the battlefield and the
enemy has used a variety of tactics to
exploit prisoners of war in disregard
of the Geneva Convention of 1949
Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners
of War. These efforts have included
physical and mental harassment,
general mistreatment and torture,
medical neglect, and political
indoctrination. The duty of a member
of the Armed Forces to continue
resistance to enemy exploitation by
all means available is not lessened by
the misfortune of capture.

4.   Comply with
Article IV: If I become a prisoner
of war, I will keep faith with my
fellow prisoners. I will give no
information or take part in any action
which might be harmful to my comrades.
If I am senior, I will take command.
If not, I will obey the lawful orders
of those appointed over me and will
back them up in every way.

Explanation. 
Officers and noncommissioned
officers will continue to carry out
their responsibilities and to exercise
their authority in captivity.
Informing on fellow prisoners of war (PWs)
is forbidden. PWs must especially
avoid helping the enemy to identify
fellow PWs who have information that
is of value to the enemy. 
These PWs may be made to suffer
coercive interrogation because of
their knowledge.

5.   Comply with
Article V: When questioned, should
I become a prisoner of war, I am
required to give name, rank, service
number, and date of birth. I will
evade answering further questions to
the utmost of my ability. I will make
no oral or written statements disloyal
to my country and its allies or
harmful to their cause.

Explanation. 
When questioned a PW is
required by the Geneva Conventions and
the Code of Conduct, E.O. 10631 and is
permitted by the UCMJ to give name,
rank, service number and date of
birth. 
Under the Geneva Conventions
the enemy has no right to try to force
a PW to provide any additional
information. 
However, it is unrealistic to
expect a PW to remain confined for
years reciting only name, rank,
service number and date of birth.  There are many PW camp situations in which certain types of
conversation with the enemy are
permitted. 
For example, a PW is allowed,
but not required by the Code of
Conduct, the UCMJ or the Geneva
Conventions to fill out a Geneva
Conventions “capture card,” to
write letters home, and to communicate
with captors on matters of health and
welfare.

6.   Comply with
Article VI: I will never forget
that I am an American, fighting for
freedom, responsible for my actions,
and dedicated to the principles which
made my country free. I will trust in
my God and in the United States of
America.

Explanation.
A member of the Armed Forces remains
responsible for personal actions at
all times. 
Article VI is designed to
assist members of the Armed Forces to
fulfill their responsibilities and
survive captivity with honor. 
The Code of Conduct, E.O.
10631, does not conflict with the
UCMJ, and the latter continues to
apply to each military member during
captivity or other hostile detention.  Soldiers, whether detainees or captives, can be assured the
U.S. Government will make every effort
to obtain their earliest release. 
Faith in one’s country and
its way of life, faith in fellow
detainees or captives, and faith in
one’s self are critical to surviving
with honor and resisting exploitation.

Evaluation
Preparation: 

Setup: 
Develop an exercise scenario based on
wartime mission requirements (including
geographical areas of deployment). 
The scenario should reflect enemy
doctrine, capabilities, vulnerabilities,
political and cultural aspects and PW
management procedures. 
Develop a control plan, which
incorporates the risk assessment and
instructions for controlling and evaluating
the player unit. Develop and design the
intelligence information to be coordinated,
synchronized and released to bring the play
on the intended path. Test the soldier on
his ability to apply elements of the Code of
Conduct in a SERE situation or a captivity
environment during the survival/evasion
portion of the local Major Army Command
battalion, company, or platoon field
training exercise (FTX). 
Maximum combat realism should be
applied to tactical exercises consistent
with good safety practices. The use of PW
compounds and resistance training
laboratories by other than USAJFKSWCS to
teach Code of Conduct and SERE training is
prohibited in accordance with AR 350-30.

Brief
Soldier:
 
Tell the soldier the Code of Conduct
provides him with a set of guiding
principles, moral obligations and
professional ethics to survive and return
home with honor from a SERE environment and
is not to be interpreted as a set of
inflexible laws. Tell the soldier he is
required to comply with the guidelines in
the Code of Conduct and in FM 3-05.71,
Resistance and Escape, chapters 2 and 13.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.
Complied with Article l of the Code
of Conduct
.

2.
Complied with Article II of the Code
of Conduct.

3.
Complied with Article III of the
Code of Conduct.

4.
Complied with Article IV of the Code
of Conduct.

5.
Complied with Article V of the Code
of Conduct.

6.
Complied with Article VI of the Code
of Conduct.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Conduct an exercise after action
review to allow training participants to
discover what happened, why it happened and
how it can be done better. 
Once all key points have been
discussed and linked to future training, the
evaluator will make the appropriate notes
for inclusion into the score. Score the
soldier GO if all performance measures are
passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. If the
soldier fails, show what was done wrong and
how to do it correctly.

 

References

Required

Related

AR
350-30

AR
350-41

 

DODD
1300.7

FM
3-05.71

 


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