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191-377-4256 - Guard Detainees

Standards: Maintain accountability and control of the detainees. Ensure that detainees remain silent and segregated. Protect detainees from abuse and harm. Follow the ROE/RUF during escape attempts. Correct and report inappropriate treatment and detainee noncompliance to your supervisor.


Given your
individual equipment, assigned weapon, an interpreter (when available), the
rules of engagement (ROE) or rules for the use of force (RUF), cloth.


accountability and control of the detainees. Ensure that detainees remain silent
and segregated. Protect detainees from abuse and harm. Follow the ROE/RUF during
escape attempts. Correct and report inappropriate treatment and detainee
noncompliance to your supervisor.

Performance Steps:

Note: Always maintain
positive control and accountability of the detainees.


Ensure that your weapons are functional, loaded, and
prepared for use, if needed.

2. Position yourself and stay alert. Note:
If a detainee has not already been searched and restrained, notify your

a. Remain close enough to maintain positive control,
but far enough away to allow defensive reaction time.

b. Face the detainees,
observe everything in their line of sight, and report all incidents the

c. Ensure that you understand mutually-supported
sectors of fire, communications, and battle drills when positioned with others.
If you do not, ask your supervisor for clarification.

d. Observe and report detainee behavior. For example-

(1) Detainee speaks fluent English during a medical
exam, but feigns no knowledge of English whatsoever during interrogation.

(2) Detainee demonstrates leadership by providing
instructions to other detainees.

Note: This passive
intelligence collection is critical during law enforcement, medical, and
intelligence processing.

3. Ensure that detainees remain silent.

a. Do not speak to
detainees unless providing orders and/or instructions. Use an interpreter if
available. Answer necessary questions, but do not answer personal questions or
questions that may compromise or hinder the mission.

b. Attempt to stop unauthorized communication with
other detainees using language (an interpreter) and/or and signals if a detainee
attempts it.

c. Report the individual to your supervisor if he
continues and segregate or muffle him as appropriate according to unit SOPs and
your supervisor’s instructions.

(1) Muffle the detainee using a soft, clean cloth
stretched across the mouth and around the back of the head.

(2) Do not place items in his mouth, hood him, or use
tape or other adhesives.

(3) Do not harm the detainee or affect his ability to

(4) Check the detainee periodically to ensure that he is
not harmed.

(5) Muffle the detainee only for as long as needed.

4. Ensure that detainees
remain segregated. If a detainee attempts to move out of a designated area or
advances on a guard-

a. Attempt to use language (an interpreter) or hand
signals to stop the behavior. b.
React according to published ROE/RUF and
notify your supervisor if the detainee continues.

5. Safeguard the detainees.

a. Correct, report, and document incidents of inhumane
treatment, abuse, or inappropriate conditions.

Acts and or omissions that constitute inhumane treatment are violations of the
law of armed conflict, and as such must be corrected immediately. Simply
reporting violations is insufficient. If a violation is ongoing, every Soldier
has an obligation to stop the violation as well as report it.

b. Document allegations of abuse and other incidents in
DA Form 1594 by providing information to your supervisor.

c. Protect detainees from combat hazards and conflict
with each other. Protect detainees from the civilian populace, public curiosity,
improper treatment or care, and any emergency situation according to unit SOPs.

d. Protect women and children from any form of sexual
abuse or harassment.

e. Do not videotape or photograph detainees except for
administrative purposes (for example, documenting in personnel, intelligence,
investigative, or medical files).

6. Respond to escape

a. React to an escape according to rehearsed battle
drills and SOPs.

(1) Allow the Soldiers
and/or guards closest to the escapee to recover the detainee.

(2) Remain focused on the detainees if you are not
involved in the recovery of the escape.

CAUTION Remaining
detainees will attempt to exploit an escape, as they will any disruption.

b. Adhere to local ROE/RUF.

c. Maintain situational awareness.

d. Apply the minimum level of force to regain control
of detainees. Do not fire on detainees still contained within the wire.

e. Segregate those who
attempt escape to prevent reoccurrence and their ability to influence other

f. Assess escapes thoroughly to prevent future

g. Follow the ROE/rules for the use of force (normally
the following). Use an interpreter, if available.

(1) Order detainee to
halt in his native language, when possible. Repeat the order twice (for a total
of three "Halt" commands) if the detainee does not stop after the first order.

(2) If detainee stops by the third order:

(a) Allow Soldiers closest
to the escapee to recover the detainee.

(b) Maintain security.

(3) If the detainee does
not stop:

(a) Use minimum force necessary to prevent escape or
recapture an escapee. Use of individual weapon is a last resort.

(b) Allow Soldiers closest to the escapee to recover the
escapee and maintain security.

CAUTION If a detainee is
shot or wounded ensure that proper medical attention is provided.

Evaluation Preparation: Provide the Soldier with three or more personnel to act as detainees.

Performance Measures GO NOGO

Ensured that your weapon was functional, loaded,
and prepared.



Positioned yourself and stayed alert.



Ensured that detainees remained silent.



Ensured that detainees remained segregated.



Safeguarded the detainees.



Responded to escape attempts.



Evaluation Guidance: Score the Soldier GO if all measures are passed (P). Score the Soldier a NO-GO
if any measure is failed (F). If the Soldier fails any measure, show him how to
do it correctly.


Required References Related References

  • FM 3-19.40


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