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093-401-5040 (SL1) - React to Unexploded Ordnance Hazards

Standards: Identified UXO by type and subgroup; recognized associated hazards; took immediate action to prevent death, injury, or damage to materiel; reported the UXO hazard using the UXO Spot Report format.

Conditions:
In a field environment, given an item(s) of
simulated unexploded ordnance (UXO), marking
materials, and a UXO Spot Report format.

Standards:
Identified UXO by type and subgroup;
recognized associated hazards; took
immediate action to prevent death, injury,
or damage to materiel; reported the UXO
hazard using the UXO Spot Report format.

Performance
Steps

1.  
Recognize the UXO hazard.

DANGER

Never
approach a UXO once it has been
identified. 
Approaching UXO may cause
them to explode.

 

DANGER

Never
strike, jar, or touch a UXO. 
Do not move or remove
anything on or near a suspect UXO.  UXO can be extremely sensitive and can cause serious injury
or death if disturbed in any way.

 

DANGER

Many
types of UXO may contain an
incendiary (fire producing),
chemical, biological, or
radiological hazard in addition to
explosives.

 

DANGER

Do
not make radio transmissions within
100 meters of a UXO. 
Some types of UXO are
sensitive to electromagnetic
radiation (EMR) and may explode.

a.
Identify the four types
and subgroups of UXO.

(1) 
Dropped.

 (a)
Bombs (figure 093-401-5040-1):

-Vary
from 3 to 6 feet in length.

-Vary
in diameter from 5 to 36 inches.

-Often
have a sloped or
"bullet" shaped nose,
fins and/or a parachute on the
back.

-May
contain high explosive,
incendiary, or chemical fillers.

(b)
Dispensers (figure 093-401-5040-2):

-Contain
numerous submunitions or
bomblets.

-Most
have the same characteristics of
bombs.

-May
be found intact or partially
open.






Figure 093-401-5040-1.
Bombs

 






Figure 093-401-5040-2.
Dispensers

 

(c)   Submunitions (figures 093-401-5040-3a
through 093-401-5040-3e):

DANGER

When
a submunition is identified, leave
the area by the same path you
entered. 
There may be many more
submunitions in the same area. Small
size does not diminish the danger of
submunitions. The smallest can
easily injure or kill.

-May
contain the same hazards of
bombs (explosive, chemical,
biological, radiological,
incendiary). 

-Are
designed to be scattered over a
wide area.

-Come
in many shapes and sizes; may or
may not be "bullet"
shaped.

-May
look like balls, wedges, or
cylinders.

-May
have fins, ribbons, parachutes,
or trip wires.






Figure 093-401-5040-3a.

 

Figure
093-401-5040-3b.






Figure 093-401-5040-3c.

 






Figure 093-401-5040-3d

 



Figure 093-401-5040-3e.


(2) 
Projected.

(a)  
Projectiles (figures 093-401-5040-4a
through 093-401-5040-4b):

-Include
munitions from large machine guns,
artillery howitzers, and naval guns.

-Range
in size from 20mm up to 16 inches in
diameter; 10 to 30 inches in length.

-Most
resemble a "bullet" shape.

-Can
contain explosive, chemical,
biological, radiological, and/or
incendiary hazards.






Figure 093-401-5040-4a.

 



Figure 093-401-5040-4b.




(b)  
Mortars (figures 093-401-5040-5a
through 093-401-5040-5b):

-Most
have fins and a "bullet"
shape.

-Range
in size from 60mm to 120mm in
diameter; 12 inches to 36 inches in
length.

-Can
contain explosive, chemical, or
incendiary hazards.



Figure 093-401-5040-5a.






Figure 093-401-5040-5b.




(c)
Rockets (figures 093-401-5040-6a
through 093-401-5040-6c):

-May
or may not have fins.

-Have
some sort of rocket motor vents in
back.

-Range
in length from 24 inches to several
feet.

-Can
contain explosive, chemical, or
incendiary hazards.



Figure 093-401-5040-6a.









Figure 093-401-5040-6b.

 






Figure 093-401-5040-6c.

 

(d)  
Guided Missiles (figure 093-401-5040-7a
through 093-401-5040-7b):

-Most
have fins.

-Some
have wires in the end for guidance.

-Very
similar to rockets.

-Can
contain explosive or incendiary
hazards.






Figure 093-401-5040-7a.

 



Figure 093-401-5040-7b.




(e)  
Rifle Grenades (figures 093-401-5040-8a
through 093-401-5040-8b):

-Designed
to be fired from rifles or shoulder
fired launchers.

-Resemble
rockets but are smaller.

-Can
contain explosive or incendiary
hazards.






Figure 093-401-5040-8a.

 



Fi
gure 093-401-5040-8b.

 

(3) 
Thrown (figures 093-401-5040-9a
through 093-401-5040-9b):

-Includes
all types of grenades, including
simulators.

-Most
are round or cylindrical.

-Are
small enough to be thrown by a
person.

-Can
contain explosive or incendiary
hazards.

-Dud
simulators require the same safety
procedures as other ordnance.






Figure 093-401-5040-9a.

 






Figure 093-401-5040-9b.

 

DANGER

Never
approach a grenade that was thrown
and did not detonate, even if you
threw it. 
Do not move, jar, or
disturb-the fuse may function at
any time.

Never pick up, move, or disturb a
found grenade, even if spoon or
safety pin are attached. 
The grenade may be
booby-trapped and explode when
disturbed.

(4) 
Placed (figures 093-401-5040-10a
through 093-401-5040-10b):

-Includes
all land or sea mines.

-Range
in size from 2 inches in diameter
to several feet in length.

-Have
a variety of fuse types; pressure
plates, tilt rods, trip wires,
electronic sensors, or command
detonated.

-Can
contain explosive, incendiary, or
chemical hazards.






Figure 093-401-5040-10a.

 






Figure 093-401-5040-10b.

 

DANGER

Consider
all mines to be booby-trapped or to
have anti-disturbance fusing.  
Never attempt to uncover or
remove placed ordnance.

 



 

2.  
React to the UXO hazard.

a.
Do not touch or disturb
the UXO or any wires, parachutes, or
anything attached or surrounding the
UXO. 
Do not move closer to UXO.

b.
If any peculiar smells,
liquids, or dead animals are
present, chemical or biological
agents may be present; don mask and
MOPP gear immediately.

c.
Mark location with material
such as white engineer tape, marking
ribbon, clothing, or sign. 
Place marker above ground at
waist level if possible. 
Take note of physical terrain
features of location and route back
to UXO so EOD team can return and
dispose of UXO.

d.
Evacuate personnel and
equipment from area surrounding the
UXO:

(1) 
Bombs, dispensers, large
projected munitions (90-mm
diameter and larger)-evacuate a
360-degree perimeter at least 600
meters.

(2) 
Submunitions, placed,
thrown, small projected munitions
(smaller than 90-mm
diameter)-evacuate a 360-degree
perimeter at least 300 meters.

e.
If personnel or equipment
cannot be evacuated, seek as much
frontal and overhead cover as
possible.

f. 
If UXO is suspected to
have a chemical agent, ensure all
personnel stay upwind of item and
are in full MOPP.

3.  
Report the UXO hazard.

a.
Report UXO hazard to your
chain of command. 
You or your chain of command
should request Explosive Ordnance
Disposal (EOD) support using the
nine-line UXO Spot Report:

(1) 
Date and time of the
fall, impact, or finding of the
UXO item(s).

(2) 
The exact location of
item(s) including grid coordinate,
landmarks, reference points, or
street addresses.

(3) 
The name and
organization of person reporting
the incident including call sign
or phone number.

(4) 
Identify UXO by type
(Dropped, Projected, Thrown,
Placed) and subgroup.

(5) 
Any NBC contamination
present.

(6) 
What resources are
threatened?

(7) 
How the UXO has
affected unit mission.

(8) 
The safety measures
that have been taken including the
evacuation distances that have
been accomplished.

(9) 
The requested priority
for receiving EOD support
(Immediate, Indirect, Minor, No
Threat)

b.
Be prepared to provide a
guide to the EOD team.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  Do not evaluate
this task using live UXO. 
Utilize training items from your
installation Training Aids Support Center. 
Preliminary instruction of this task
can be obtained by requesting support from
nearest Army EOD company. 
Evaluate this task during any
training exercise where UXO is likely to be
encountered.  Place UXO training aid near personnel, facilities, or
equipment within the soldier’s area of
responsibility. 
Soldier should identify UXO from at
least 5-10 meters away or through the use of
binoculars.

Brief Soldier:  Tell the
soldier he will be evaluated on his ability
to properly recognize, react to, and report
a UXO hazard. 
The soldier will identify the UXO by
type and subgroup, take appropriate actions
to react to the hazards, and report the
hazard using the nine-line UXO Spot Report
format. 



Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO


1.  
Identified UXO by type and
subgroup.

2.  
Reacted to UXO hazard,
observing all applicable safety
precautions.

3.  
Marked the UXO.

4.  
Determined appropriate
evacuation distance (Large item: 600m;
Small item: 300m).

5.  
Reported UXO hazard using
the nine-line UXO Spot Report.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are performed
correctly. 
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is not performed
correctly. 
If the soldier scores NO GO, show him
what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM
21-16

 

 

GTA
9-12-1