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081-831-1008 (SL1) - Perform First Aid for Heat Injuries

Standards: Recognized the type of heat injury and gave appropriate first aid.

Conditions: You see a casualty who has signs and symptoms of a heat
injury. 
The casualty has a full canteen of
cool water.

Standards:
Recognized the type of heat injury and gave
appropriate first aid.

Performance
Steps

1.   Identify the type of heat injury.

a.
Heat cramps symptoms.

(1) 
Muscle cramps of the
arms, legs, or abdomen.

(2) 
Excessive sweating.

(3) 
Thirst.

b.
Heat exhaustion symptoms. 
(The first five occur often. 
The others occur sometimes.)

(1) 
Profuse sweating with
pale, moist, cool skin.

(2) 
Headache.

(3) 
Weakness.

(4) 
Dizziness.

(5) 
Loss of appetite.

(6) 
Heat cramps.

(7) 
Nausea, with or without
vomiting.

(8) 
Urge to defecate.

(9) 
Chills (goose flesh).

(10)
Rapid breathing

(11)
Tingling of the hands
and/or feet.

(12)
Confusion.

c.
Heatstroke symptoms.

(1) 
Flushed, hot, dry skin.

(2) 
Headache.

(3) 
Dizziness.

(4) 
Nausea.

(5) 
Confusion.

(6) 
Weakness.

(7) 
Loss of consciousness.

(8) 
Seizures.

(9) 
Weak and rapid pulse
and breathing.

2.   Provide the proper first aid for the heat injury.

a.
Heat cramps.

(1) 
Move the casualty to a
cool or shady area or improvise
shade.

(2) 
Loosen the casualty’s
clothing unless in a chemical
environment.

(3) 
Have the casualty
slowly drink at least one canteen
of cool water.

(4) 
Seek medical aid if the
cramps continue.

b.
Heat exhaustion.

(1) 
Move the casualty to a
cool or shady area or improvise
shade.

(2) 
Loosen or remove the
casualty’s clothing and boots
unless in a chemical environment.

(3) 
Pour water on the
casualty and fan him unless in a
chemical environment.

(4) 
Have the casualty
slowly drink at least one canteen
of cool water.

(5) 
Elevate the casualty’s
legs.

(6) 
Monitor the casualty
until the symptoms are gone or
medical aid arrives.

Note.  If
possible, the casualty should not
participate in strenuous activity for
the rest of the day.

c.
Heatstroke.

WARNING

Heatstroke
is a medical emergency that may result
in death if treatment is delayed.
Start cooling measures immediately and
continue while waiting for
transportation and during evacuation

(1) 
Move the casualty to a
cool or shady area or improvise
shade.

(2) 
Loosen or remove the
casualty’s clothing unless in a
chemical environment.

(3) 
Spray or pour water on
the casualty and fan him unless in
a chemical environment.

(4) 
Massage the casualty’s
arms and legs unless in a chemical
environment.

(5) 
Elevate the casualty’s
legs.

(6) 
If the casualty is
conscious, have him slowly drink
at least one canteen of cool
water.

Note.  Watch the
casualty closely for life-threatening
conditions, check for other injuries,
and seek medical aid.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  None.

Brief
Soldier:  Describe to the soldier the signs and/or symptoms of heat
cramps, heat exhaustion, or heat stroke, and
ask the soldier what type of heat injury is
indicated. 
Then ask the soldier what should be
done to treat the heat injury described.

 

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Identified the type of heat injury.

2.   Provided the proper first aid for the heat injury.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. 
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. 
If the soldier scores NO GO, show
what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM
4-25.11

 


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