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081-831-1005 (SL1) - Perform First Aid to Prevent or Control Shock

Standards: Attempted to prevent a casualty from going into shock by correctly positioning the casualty, loosening binding clothes, calming and reassuring, and providing shade from direct sunlight during hot weather, or covering to prevent body heat loss during cold weather. Did not cause further injury to the casualty.

Conditions: You see a casualty who is breathing. 
There is no uncontrolled bleeding. 
The casualty has one or more of the
symptoms of shock. 
Necessary equipment and materials: 
a field jacket and blanket or poncho.

Standards:
Attempted to prevent a casualty from going
into shock by correctly positioning the
casualty, loosening binding clothes, calming
and reassuring, and providing shade from
direct sunlight during hot weather, or
covering to prevent body heat loss during
cold weather. 
Did not cause further injury to the
casualty.

 

Performance
Steps

1.   Position the casualty.

a.
Move the casualty to
cover, if cover is available and the
situation permits.

b.
Lay the casualty on his
back unless a sitting position will
allow the casualty to breathe
easier.

c.
Elevate the casualty’s
feet higher than the heart using a
stable object so the feet will not
fall.

WARNING

If
the casualty has a fractured or broken
leg, an abdominal wound, or a head
wound, do not elevate the casualty’s
legs

2.   Loosen clothing at the neck, waist, or anywhere it
is binding.

WARNING

Do
not loosen clothing if in a chemical
area

3.   Prevent the casualty from chilling or overheating.

a.
Cover the casualty to
avoid loss of body heat and, in cold
weather, place cover under as well
as over the casualty. 
Use a blanket or clothing, or
improvise a cover.

b.
Place the casualty under
permanent or improvised shelter in
hot weather to shade him from direct
sunlight.

WARNING

Do
not give the casualty anything to eat
or drink

4.   Calm and reassure the casualty.

a.
Take charge and show
self-confidence.

b.
Assure the casualty that
he is being taken care of.

WARNING

If
you must leave the casualty, turn his
head to the side to prevent choking if
vomiting occurs

5.   Seek medical aid.

Note.   Watch
the casualty closely for
life-threatening conditions, check for
other injuries, and seek medical aid.

Evaluation
Preparation: 

Setup:  You will need
another soldier to play the part of the
casualty.  Have the casualty lie down. 
You can have a canteen of water
available and have the casualty say that he
is thirsty while testing step 3.

Brief
Soldier:  Tell the soldier to do all necessary first aid steps to
prevent shock. 
You can vary the test by telling the
soldier whether it is hot or cold or that
the casualty has a broken leg or abdominal
wound to see if the soldier knows what to
do.  Do
not evaluate step 5 in the simulated mode.

 

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Positioned the casualty correctly.

2.   Loosened tight or binding clothes.

3.   Prevented the casualty from chilling or
overheating.

4.   Reassured the
casualty.

5.   Sought medical aid.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. 
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. 
If the soldier scores NO GO, show
what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly.

 

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM
4-25.11


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