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071-010-0006 (SL1) - Engage Targets with an M249 Machine Gun

Standards: Applied correct M249 machine gun target engagement techniques and hit each target in your assigned sector of fire.

Conditions: Given an M249 machine gun and linked 5.56-mm ammunition.

Standards:
Applied correct M249 machine gun target
engagement techniques and hit each target in
your assigned sector of fire.

Performance Steps

1.   Assume a suitable firing position. Based on the
situation, assume the position that
will allow you to observe and engage
targets, yet minimize your exposure to
enemy fire.

a. Bipod-supported prone. The
bipod-supported prone position (figure
071-010-0006-1)
and the bipod-supported fighting
position (figure 071-010-0006-2) are
the best positions for delivering
effective fire on targets. Assume
these positions when possible.







Figure 071-010-0006-1.
Bipod-supported prone position

 






Figure 071-010-0006-2.
Bipod-supported fighting position

 

b.
Shoulder.  Use the shoulder firing position (figure 071-010-0006-3) 
to engage targets at ranges
less than 100 meters when no other
position can be assumed or when the
situation dictates its use, for
example in the final stages of the
assault.





Figure 071-010-0006-3.
Shoulder firing position

 

c.
Underarm.  Use the underarm firing position when moving in and around
the objective during the assault
(figure 071-010-0006-4).





Figure 071-010-0006-4.
Underarm firing position

 

d.
Hip. 
Use the hip firing position
when closing with the enemy, when a
heavy volume of fire in the target
area is required, and when rapid
movement is not necessary (figure 071-010-0006-5).





Figure 071-010-0006-5.
Hip firing position

 

2.   Fire the weapon using the correct sight picture
(figure 071-010-0006-6).

a.
Sight alignment. Center the
front sight post in the peep sight (A,
figure 071-010-0006-6).

b.
Focus of the eye. Place the
eye directly on line with the center
of the rear sight. Focus on the tip of
the front sight post. The natural
ability of the eye to center objects
in a circle and to seek the point of
greatest light (center of the peep
sight) aids in providing correct sight
alignment.

c.
Sight picture. Center the
target over the front sight post (B,
figure 071-010-0006-6).
If firing on a 10-meter range target,
use the sight picture in C, figure 071-010-0006-6.





Figure 071-010-0006-6.
Sight picture

 

3.   Fire the weapon in three-round bursts at the rate
of fire appropriate for target size.
Use correct trigger manipulation: Pull
straight to the rear and release.

4.  
Apply correct engagement
technique based on target types
(figure 071-010-0006-7).







Figure 071-010-0006-7.
Classes of fire with respect to the
weapon

 

a.
Fixed fire. This type of
fire is delivered against a point
target when the depth and width of the
beaten zone will cover the target.
Only one aiming point is necessary to
cover the target with fire.

b.
Traversing fire. This type
of fire is distributed in width by
successive changes in direction. This
means moving the muzzle of the weapon
to the left or right to distribute
fire laterally. To make minor changes
in direction, shift the shoulders to
the right or left to select successive
aiming points throughout the width of
the target area. For major changes,
move the elbows and align the body to
remain directly behind the gun.

c.
Searching fire. This type
of fire is distributed in depth by
successive changes in elevation. This
means moving the muzzle of the weapon
up or down to distribute fire in
depth. Select successive aiming points
in depth throughout the target area.
To make changes in elevation, move
elbows closer together to lower the
muzzle or farther apart to raise the
muzzle.

d.
Traversing and searching
fire. This type of fire is distributed
in width and depth by successive
changes in direction and elevation.
Combining traversing and searching
fire provides good coverage of the
target. Adjustments are made in the
same manner as described for
traversing and searching fire. This
means moving the muzzle of the weapon
to the left or right to distribute
fire laterally. To make minor changes
in direction, shift the shoulders to
the right or left to select successive
aiming points throughout the width of
the target area. For major changes,
move the elbows and align the body to
remain directly behind the gun.

5.   Use observation of fire and adjustment of fire to
place effective fire on the target.

a.
Observation of fire.
Observe the burst of fire by noting
the strike of the rounds in the target
area, the tracers in flight or, in the
case of the 10-meter range, the holes
made in the target.

b. Adjustment of fire. Use
the adjusted aiming point method to
quickly adjust fires without making a
sight adjustment. If the initial burst
misses the target, rapidly select a
new aiming point the same distance
from the center of impact of the
initial burst but in the opposite
direction. Fire a second burst (figure
071-010-0006-8).





Figure 071-010-0006-8.
Adjusted aiming point method

 

6.   Use correct application of fire to engage specific
targets.

a. Point target. Engage point
targets with fixed fire (figure 071-010-0006-9).





Figure 071-010-0006-9.
Engagement of point target

 

b. Area target. Initially,
aim at the midpoint of the target
area. Traverse and search to either
flank, then back to the opposite flank
(figure 071-010-0006-10).





Figure 071-010-0006-10.
Engagement of area target

 

c.
Linear target. Initially,
aim at the midpoint of the target.
Traverse fire to one flank and then to
the other to cover the entire target
(figure 071-010-0006-11).







Figure 071-010-0006-11.
Linear target

 

d. Deep target. Initially,
aim at the midpoint of the target
unless another portion of the target
is more critical or presents a greater
threat. Search down to one aiming
point in front of the near end and
back up to one aiming point beyond the
far end (figure 071-010-0006-12).







Figure 071-010-0006-12.
Deep target

 

e.
Linear target with depth.
Initially, aim at the midpoint of the
target unless another portion of the
target is more critical or presents a
greater threat. Traverse and search to
the flank closest to your position
then back to the other flank to cover
the entire target (figure 071-010-0006-13).







Figure 071-010-0006-13.
Linear targets with depth

 

f. 
Moving target. To hit a
moving target, estimate the speed of
the target and the lead required to
fire and hit it, fire and track the
target as it moves, and adjust the
lead by observing tracers and the
strike of the bullets (table 071-010-0006-1 and
figure 071-010-0006-14).

 

Table 071-010-0006-1.
Vehicle lead

Speed in Miles per Hour


Range of Target


300 M

500 M

900 M

15

½
target length

1
target length

2
target lengths





Figure 071-010-0006-14.
Moving target aiming points.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: Evaluate this task on a live-fire range by having the soldier
fire Table IV in FM 3-22.68. Evaluate the
soldier’s ability to use correct engagement
techniques to engage specific types of
targets. Provide the soldier with equipment
and materials required to fire the course.

Brief
Soldier: Brief soldier on range safety
per installation regulations. Tell the
soldier to assume the bipod-supported prone
position or bipod-supported fighting
position. Tell the soldier you are
evaluating both his ability to adjust fire
and his ability to hit the target.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed correct bipod-supported prone position or
bipod-supported fighting position.

2.   Fielded zero on a 300-meter target with no more
than 12 rounds.

3.   Engaged single E-type silhouettes (point targets)
at various ranges.

4.   Engaged double E-type silhouettes (automatic weapon
positions) at various ranges.

5.   Engaged linear E-type silhouettes (troops on line)
at various ranges.

Evaluation
Guidance:
 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures are passed. Score the
soldier NO GO if any performance measure is
failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show
him what was done wrong and how to do it
correctly

References


 

Required


Related


 

 

FM
3-22.68

 


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