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031-503-1015 (SL1) - Protect Yourself from NBC Injury/Contamination with Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Gear

Standards: Protect yourself from nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) injury or contamination with MOPP gear. Perform all steps in sequence and achieve MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

Conditions:
You are given MOPP gear (chemical protective
overgarment, mask, hood, overboots,
protective gloves, individual
decontamination kits, and antidotes), and
one of the following situations in a
chemically contaminated tactical enviornment:

  1. You
    are ordered to achieve MOPP4.

  2. You
    learn that a chemical attack is about to
    happen.

  3. You
    must enter an area where chemical agents
    have been used. 

  4. You
    recognize a chemical hazard. 

  5. You
    are attacked with chemical agents
    without warning.

Standards:
Protect yourself from nuclear, biological
and chemical (NBC) injury or contamination
with MOPP gear. Perform all steps in
sequence and achieve MOPP4 within 8 minutes.

Performance
Steps

1.   Put on MOPP gear for MOPP1.

a.
Don the trousers.

(1) 
Put on the overgarment
trousers over your normal duty
uniform or over your undergarments
in hot weather.

(2) 
Secure the trousers by
snapping and zipping them and
adjusting the waistband for a snug
fit.

(3) 
Do not fasten the
bottom of the trousers at this
time.

b.
Don the jacket.

(1) 
Put on the overgarment
jacket.

(2) 
Zip it up.

(3) 
Fasten the snaps.

c.
Secure the jacket to the
trousers by snapping the three snaps
across the back of the jacket to the
trousers.

2.   Put on additional MOPP gear (protective overboots)
to reach MOPP2.

a.
Put on the older model
chemical protective overboots over
your leather combat boots, lacing
them according to the instructions
provided in the package.

Note. The older model has a single eyelet at the rear.

(1) 
Don the cover on either
foot by centering your foot on the
sole.

(2) 
Smooth the excess
material as flat as possible.

(3) 
Lace the overboots.

(a)  
Thread the lace
through the front eyelet so the
ends are the same length.

(b)  
Tie a single hitch by
passing one lace end through
each eyelet from the inside to
the outside, drawing each lace
end tight.

(c)  
Pass both ends
through the rear eyelet from the
inside to the outside.

(d)  
Bring the ends back
through the side eyelets.

(e)  
Tighten the lace by
working the slack out between
the side and back eyelets.

Note. The lace should hold the rear eyelet firmly against the
boot.

(4) 
Tie the lace tightly
across the instep with a single
hitch.

(5) 
Wrap the excess lace
around your leg, tying the ends
with a reef or bow knot.

b.
Put on the newer model
chemical protective overboots over
your leather combat boots, lacing
them according to the instructions
provided in the package.

Note. The newer model has two rear eyelets.

(1) 
Don the cover on either
foot by centering your foot on the
sole.

(2) 
Tuck the excess front
material under the front of your
foot.

(3) 
Lace the overboots.

(a)  
Thread the lace
through the front eyelet so both
ends are the same length.

(b)  
Pass each lace end
through a side eyelet from the
inside to the outside.

(c)  
Draw the lace up
tightly, fastening it with a
single knot.

(d)  
Pass the ends through
the rear eyelets from the inside
to the outside.

(e)  
Pull the lace up
firmly, positioning the
fishtails neatly at the sides of
your ankle.

(f)   
Tie the lace firmly
with a single knot in front.

(4) 
Wrap the loose lace
ends around your leg, tying them
firmly in front with a bow knot
and tucking in the loose ends.

c.
Put on the green vinyl
overboots over your leather combat
boots, securing them by pulling the
rubber bands around the metal
buttons.

d.
Blouse the overgarment
trouser legs over the chemical
protective overboots.

e.
Secure the closures of
the overgarment trouser legs by
zipping and tying the drawstrings
firmly.

Note.
The newer model method is being taught
at the U.S. Army Chemical School.
Units that still have the older model
should continue to use the older model
donning instructions
.

3.   Put on the protective mask with hood to reach
MOPP3.

a.
Don the protective mask.

b.
Don the hood.

c.
Zip the hood (M17-series
protective mask only).

d.
Adjust the neck cord.

e.
Attach the underarm
straps.

Note. The time standards for masking do not apply to this
task.

4.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP4 within 8
minutes.

a.
Secure the MOPP gear by
zipping all zippers and closing all
closures.

b.
Put on the chemical
protective gloves (rubber gloves and
liners).

c.
Pull the elastic cuffs of
the overgarment jacket sleeves over
the cuffs of the chemical protective
gloves.

Note.
After assuming MOPP4 and performing
all the tasks according to the unit
SOP, perform the following actions:
1. Use all means of NBC detection to
check your surrounding area for the
presence of contamination.
2. Contact higher headquarters (HQ) if
no contamination is found or if you
determine the attack was non-NBC.
3. Await further guidance. (Higher HQ
contacts all adjacent/attached units
to check the status of NBC
contamination in their areas. If all
units report the absence of
contamination, the information is
reported up the chain of command.)
4. Annotate the above actions on your
duty log (Department of the Army [DA]
Form 1594).

Evaluation
Preparation: 

Setup: 
Evaluate this task during a field
exercise or during a normal training
session. 
Gather all necessary MOPP gear and
ensure that it is in good condition. 
Be ready to direct higher MOPP levels
immediately as a soldier reaches a preceding
level.

Performance
Measures

GO

NO
GO

1.   Put on MOPP gear for MOPP1.

2.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP2.

3.   Put on the protective mask with hood to reach
MOPP3.

4.   Put on additional MOPP gear to reach MOPP4 within 8
minutes.

Evaluation
Guidance: 
Score the soldier GO if all
performance measures 
are passed . 
Score the soldier NO GO if any
performance measure is failed. 
If the soldier fails any performance
measure, show him what was done wrong and
how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

DA
Form 1594

TM
3-4240-300-10-2

 

FM
3-4

 

 

TM
3-4240-279-10

 

 

TM
3-4240-280-10

 


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