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Military Problem Solving Process

To define the 7 steps of the Military Problem Solving Process. To describe some of the Road Blocks to problem solving

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MILITARY PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

INSTRUCTOR CPT REINHARD

PURPOSE

To define the 7 steps of the Military Problem Solving Process

To describe some of the Road Blocks to problem solving

REFERENCES

FM 22-100 Army Leadership

FM 101-5 Staff Organization and Operations (Chapter 5)

OUTLINE

Problem Solving Steps

Practical Exercise

Road Blocks to Problem Solving

Summary

Conclusion

PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

1. Recognize And Define The Problem

2. Gather Facts And Make Assumptions

3. Define End States And Establish Criteria

4. Develop Possible Solutions

5. Analyze And Compare Possible Solutions

6. Select And Implement Solution

7. Analyze Solution For Effectiveness

#1 WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?

#2 FACTS & ASSUMPTIONS

Facts- Statements about the problem known to be true or there is positive proof.

Assumptions- Statement used to replace necessary but missing or unknown facts.

#3 DEFINE END STATE AND ESTABLISH CRITERIA

End States identify goals and objectives

Criteria

Selection- used to gather valid solution

Evaluation- used to compare solutions

#4 DEVELOP POSSIBLE
SOLUTIONS

Brain Storming

Mind Mapping

#5 ANALYZE AND COMPARE POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS

Use predetermined evaluation criteria

Go back to "Facts and Assumptions" or "Establish Criteria" if necessary

#6 SELECT AND IMPLEMENT THE BEST SOLUTION

Make the decision

Acceptable, Feasible, and Suitable

#7 ANALYZE SOLUTION FOR EFFECTIVENESS

May take time

AAR

If it works, pass it on!

PRACTICAL EXERCISE

PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

1. Recognize And Define The Problem

2. Gather Facts And Make Assumptions

3. Define End States And Establish Criteria

4. Develop Possible Solutions

5. Analyze And Compare Possible Solutions

6. Select And Implement Solution

7. Analyze Solution For Effectiveness

ROAD BLOCKS TO
PROBLEM SOLVING

Fear Of Failure

Tunnel Vision

Over Seriousness

Over Certainty

Binding Customs

Fear Of The Unknown

Command Pressure

ROAD BLOCKS TO PROBLEM SOLVING (cont.)

FAILURE TO PROPERLY IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM

FAILURE TO TALK WITH OTHERS WHO HAVE DEALT WITH THE PROBLEM

LACK OF ADEQUATE INFORMATION TO MAKE VALID ASSUMPTIONS

NOT IDENTIFYING ALL OF THE PLAYERS

NOT SPECIFYING THE DESIRED ENDSTATE

SUMMARY

Problem Solving Steps

Practical Exercise

Road Blocks to Problem Solving

CONCLUSION

The goal is to have high-quality, acceptable decisions made in combat and training situations. The Military Problem Solving Process helps leaders face complex problems in situations where information might be limited.