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Military Decision Making Process MDMP

 

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MILITARY
DECISION
MAKING
PROCESS

Receipt of mission

Mission analysis

Course of action development

Course of action analysis

Course of action comparison

Course of action approval

Orders production

Intent Statement

Commander's intent statement should state the following:

Key tasks

End state

13 Elements of commander's guidance

Specify COAs, friendly & enemy, and the priority for addressing them

The CCIR

Reconnaissance guidance

Risk guidance

Deception guidance

Fire support guidance

Mobility & countermobility guidance

Security measures to be implemented

Additional specific priorities for CS and CSS

Other information the Cdr wants the staff to consider

The time plan

Type of order to issue

Type of rehearsal to conduct

Commander's Critical Information Requirements
(CCIR)

Supports the commander's battlefield visualization

Identifies critical decisions

Assists in determining or validating COAs

Helps filter information available to the commander

Focuses the efforts of subordinates and staff

Assists in the allocation of resources

Assists staff officers in making recommendations

10 or less items of information

Directly affects the success or failure of the mission

MILITARY DECISION
MAKING PROCESS

Workshop #2

Suitability

Feasibility

Acceptability

Distinguishability

Completeness

MILITARY DECISION
MAKING PROCESS

Workshop #3

Remain unbiased

List advantages and disadvantages (as found)

Continually assess COA feasibility, acceptability, and suitability

Avoid drawing premature conclusions and gathering facts to support such conclusions

Compare COAs during comparison process: Not during war game

Gather the tools

List all friendly forces

List assumptions

List known critical events and decision points

Determine evaluation criteria

Select the war game method (avenue/belt/box)

Select method to record and display results (synch matrix or sketch note)

War game the battle and assess the results

Modified COA

Modified location and timing of the decisive point

Identification of key terrain

Refinement of enemy event template & matrix

Refinement of task organization

Identification of subordinate unit's tasks

Allocation of combat, CS and CSS assets to subordinates

The synchronization matrix and decision support template

Estimate duration of each critical event / entire operation

Projection of enemy force destruction

Identification of location and commitment of reserve

Identify likely times and areas for enemy use of WMD and friendly NBC requirements

Most dangerous enemy COA

Location of commander and CPs

Identify additional critical events

Identify additional CS and CSS requirements

Requirements for deception and surprise

Refined C2 requirements

Finalize CCIR and IR with LTIOV

Finalize R&S plan

Refined CCIR and incorporate into R&S plan and graphics

Develop FS, Engr, AD, IO, CSS plans and graphics

Identify / confirm DPs / NAIs, TAIs

Timing of force concentration & initiation of the attack or counterattack

Develop the intel collection and dissemination plan

Determine movement times and tables

Identify, analyze, and evaluate strengths and weaknesses of the COA

Integrate targeting process

Synchronize smoke

Identify additional risks, develop control measures

Select comparison method

Determine decision criteria

Assign weighting values to criteria

Make recommendation

MILITARY DECISION
MAKING PROCESS

Workshop #4

Address critical facts and assumptions

Authoritative expression

Positive expression

Avoiding unqualified directives

Balance

Simplicity

Be concise

Clarity

Completeness

Coordination

Flexibility

Clear, concise mission and intent statements

Centralized planning

Decentralized execution

Use of existing resources

Timeliness

NCO Use

NCOs involvement

Enforce duties and responsibilities

Battlestaff trained NCOs

MILITARY
DECISION
MAKING
PROCESS