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Antiterrorism Level I Refresher Training

 

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AT Level I Training

Requirements

Individual terrorism awareness training

Active duty service members

Annually

AOR update within 60 days of deployment

OCONUS DoD personnel

Annually

CONUS civilians & Family members 14+

Annually if terrorism threat level raised to "Moderate"

Annually if eligible for OCONUS government travel

AT Training Level

DoD's Definition of Terrorism

"The calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear;
intended to coerce or intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological."

DoD O-2000.12-H

Determine The Threat

Are there any terrorist groups in my area?

Are they violent?

Do they attack Americans?

How active are they?

How sophisticated are they?

How do they operate-are they predictable

Will the local population warn Americans?

What tactics, weapons, and types of attacks

Terrorist Profile

male

20s

single

urban

well-educated

middle or upper-class

Terrorist Tactics

bombings

assassination

kidnapping

hijacking

ambush

armed assault

incendiary attacks

street actions/tactics

sieges and occupations

robberies

Target Selection

DOD Terrorism Threat Levels

Local Threat Picture

Local initiative is needed to fill gaps in threat picture

Force Protection Conditions

FPCON Normal

When there is a general global threat of possible terrorist activity exists, and warrants a routine security posture

A terrorist attack is always possible

Best information available offers no indication of probable attack

FPCON Alpha

When there is a increased general threat of possible activity against personnel and facilities, the nature and terrorist extent of which are unpredictable.

General conditions suggest possible violence

Nothing indicates that this installation is targeted

Must be capable of being maintained indefinitely

FPCON Bravo

When an increased or more predictable threat of terrorist activity exists.

Specific information suggests probable violence

Nothing indicates that this installation is targeted

Extra precaution is appropriate to deter terrorist planning

Must be capable of being maintained for weeks without hardship

FPCON Charlie

When an incident occurs or intelligence is received indicating some form of terrorist action or targeting against personnel or facilities is likely.

Evidence of terrorist attack planning, such as terrorist surveillance or reports from local sources

Strong protective measures are required, but the unit must continue its regular mission activities

Implemented for only a short period of time

FPCON Delta

When a terrorist attack has occurred or when intelligence has been received that indicates terrorist action against a specific location is imminent

Normally, Force Protection Condition Delta is declared as a localized warning

The installation moves to a high state of alert, and commander implements mandatory security measures

Commanders encouraged to supplement mandatory security measures

Random Antiterrorism Measures

AT Program Overview

Integrated AT program

Self Protective Measures

Overcome routines

Vary routes and times to and from work

Exercise (jog) on different routes/times and don't exercise alone

Vary times/places for shopping, lunch, and other appointments

Enter/exit buildings through different doors

Don't divulge family/personal info to strangers

Be prepared for unexpected events

Self Protective Measures

Maintain a low profile

Dress/behave in public consistent with local customs. Avoid wearing western attire, clothing with U.S. flags, logos, etc.

No U.S. related stickers, decals, logos on luggage, briefcases, shopping bags, etc.

Unless necessary, don't wear uniform or military items in public

Shun publicity

Show respect for local customs

Don't flash large sums of money, expensive jewelry, or luxury items

Self Protective Measures

Be alert to, and aware of changes in, the security atmosphere

Be alert for surveillance attempts, suspicious persons or activities, and report them to proper authorities

Watch for unexplained absences of local citizens as an early warning of possible terrorist actions

Avoid public disputes or confrontations. Report any trouble to the proper authorities.

Traveling By Air

Airlines and routes

Do not fly routes with stops in high threat areas

Check-in

Seat Selection

Skyjacking

Release/Rescue

Travel Alerts

Afghanistan (11/15/02)

Albania (6/25/02)

Algeria (6/14/01)

Andorra (4/4/01)

Angola (9/12/02)

Anguilla (10/22/02)

Antigua & Barbuda (5/7/02)

Argentina (9/18/02)

Armenia (9/5/02)

Aruba (11/8/01)

Australia (4/11/02)

Austria (8/19/02)

Azerbaijan (8/2/02)

The Bahamas (6/13/02)

Bahrain (9/16/02)

Bangladesh (6/17/02)

Barbados (11/8/01)

Belarus (1/14/02)

Belgium (2/11/02)

Belize (7/5/02)

Benin (7/18/02)

Bermuda (5/7/02)

Bhutan (6/7/02)

Bolivia (1/17/02)

Bosnia-Herzegovina (7/5/02)

Botswana (10/8/02)

Brazil (10/9/01)

British Virgin Islands (9/14/99)

British West Indies: See Anguilla and Montserrat

Brunei (11/6/02)

Bulgaria (8/23/02)

Burkina Faso (7/18/02)

Burma (Myanmar) (5/6/02)

Burundi (10/7/02)

Cambodia (11/5/02)

Cameroon (9/3/02)

Canada (8/6/02)

Cape Verde (7/24/02)

Cayman Islands (5/30/02)

Central African Republic (4/29/02)

Chad (3/7/02)

Chile (4/12/02)

China (4/11/02)

Colombia (9/24/02)

Comoros (6/21/02)

Congo-Brazzaville (6/26/01)

Congo-Kinshasa (7/18/02)

7/1/02 Travel Warning

Costa Rica (11/7/02)

C��te d'Ivoire (7/18/02)

Croatia (4/30/02)

Cuba (9/12/02)

Cyprus (9/16/02)

Czech Republic (1/18/02)

Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands (11/17/00)

Djibouti (11/25/02)

Dominica (6/25/02)

Dominican Republic (10/22/02)

East Timor (8/12/02)

Ecuador (Galapagos Islands) (10/24/01)

Egypt (2/26/02)

El Salvador (11/5/02)

Equatorial Guinea (9/3/02)

Eritrea (8/19/02)

Estonia (8/19/02)

Ethiopia (9/12/02)

Fiji (6/13/02)

Finland (8/14/01)

France (4/18/02)

French Guiana (9/26/02)

French Polynesia (Tahiti) (9/16/02)

French West Indies (11/25/02)

Gabon (9/3/02)

The Gambia (7/22/02)

Georgia (11/28/01)

Germany (9/18/01)

Ghana (11/07/02)

Greece (4/30/02)

Greenland (11/17/00)

Grenada (8/15/02)

Guadeloupe (2/22/01)

Guatemala (11/21/02)

Guinea (7/26/02)

Guinea-Bissau (10/15/02)

Guyana (5/31/02)

Haiti (12/3/02)

Honduras (11/8/02)

Hong Kong SAR (China) (2/26/02)

Hungary (6/1/01)

Iceland (8/19/02)

India (2/22/02)

Indonesia (10/25/02)

Iran (2/26/02)

Iraq (11/21/02)

Ireland (12/11/01)

Israel, the West Bank and Gaza (11/26/02)

Italy (6/27/02)

Jamaica (9/26/02)

Japan (12/14/01)

Jordan (11/26/01)

11/22/02 Travel Warning

Kazakhstan (10/30/02)

Kenya (7/24/02)

Kiribati (7/18/02)

Kuwait (8/12/02)

Kyrgyz Republic (1/3/02)

Laos (5/16/02)

Latvia (7/18/02)

Lebanon (5/31/02)

Lesotho (4/11/02)

Liberia (9/12/02)

Libya (10/25/02)

Liechtenstein

Lithuania (1/27/00)

Luxembourg (11/19/02)

Macau SAR (China) (9/16/02)

Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of) (9/3/02)

5/21/02 Travel Warning

Madagascar (5/2/02)

Malawi (4/29/02)

Malaysia (11/14/02)

Maldives (5/2/02)

Mali (5/16/02)

Malta (8/19/02)

Marshall Islands (9/8/00)

Martinique (2/22/01)

Mauritania (11/14/02)

Mauritius (3/29/02)

Mexico (11/20/02)

Micronesia, Federated States of (5/31/02)

Moldova (8/6/02)

Monaco (7/27/00)

Mongolia (6/8/00)

Montserrat (10/22/02)

Morocco (9/12/02)

Mozambique (5/31/02)

Namibia (9/12/02)

Nauru (9/16/02)

Nepal (11/4/02)

Netherlands (8/9/02)

Netherlands Antilles (11/26/01)

New Caledonia (9/16/02)

New Zealand (6/27/02)

Nicaragua (11/7/02)

Niger (8/15/02)

Nigeria (1/19/01)

North Korea (7/22/02)

Norway (3/4/02)

Oman (9/18/02)

Pakistan (4/4/02)

Palau (6/26/02)

Panama (9/20/01)

Papua New Guinea (6/13/02)

Paraguay (8/15/02)

Peru (7/30/02)

Philippines (10/11/02)

Poland (2/7/02)

Portugal (5/8/02)

Qatar (8/29/02)

Romania (9/30/02)

Russia (10/2/02)

Rwanda (6/10/02)

Samoa (6/26/02)

Sao Tome and Principe (3/8/02)

Saudi Arabia (8/29/02)

Senegal (7/26/02)

Seychelles (6/21/02)

Sierra Leone (7/30/02)

Singapore (11/1/02)

Slovak Republic (9/16/02)

Slovenia (9/5/02)

Solomon Islands (3/11/02)

Somalia (6/21/02)

South Africa (6/21/02)

South Korea (11/22/02)

Spain and Andorra (2/25/02)

Hotel Security

Registration

Room selection

Escape routes

Safe havens

Hotel pages

Room Key

In your room

Taxi

Foot Traffic

Vary your route and times of travel

Stay alert to what is happening around you

Avoid areas that are hostile

Walk facing traffic

Maintain a cautious attitude, cross intersections with groups, stop with your back against a wall

Know what you are going to do if you have a crisis

Traveling By Car

Make your self a "hard" target

Vary your routes and times of travel

Know location of safe areas

Everyone in the car should be alert to what is happening around them

Car Bomb Searches

If the surveillance team thinks you are doing a good job of searching your car for bombs, they will be less likely to attempt a car bombing

Looks for signs of tampering, pieces of tape, discarded wires, grease marks, etc.....

Do the search the same way each time so that you always cover the same areas

If you sense something is wrong then
leave the car and call authorities

Office Protection

Vary routines, times and exits

Desks and offices

Windows

Visitors

Incoming mail

Office management

Emergency plans

Hostage Taking

Hostage taking is a way of setting up a bargaining position

Several possible reasons for victim selection

Political extremists and religious fanatics are the major threat in hostage taking

Fleeing criminal, the wronged person, and mentally disturbed are the most unpredictable

Captured

Resist or surrender?

Do not resist unduly

Stay alert

Authorized Conduct

DOD Directive 1300.7 provides guidance on authorized conduct for hostages during peacetime

DoD policy is to survive with honor

Maintain your military bearing

Remain calm, courteous, and project personal dignity

Carefully consider the risk prior to an escape attempt

Provide your name, rank, social security number, and date of birth and innocent circumstances leading to detention

Summary

Be alert to, and aware of, the security atmosphere.

Overcome routines.

Maintain a low profile.

Know the threat and likely threat tactics.

Be prepared for unexpected events.

Practice the security measures presented here.

Have a safe trip!

More Information

SAEDA/AT CD-ROM available from S2