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Employ Hand Grenades

 

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Employ Hand Grenades

071-325-4407

Conditions:

Given any standard issue U.S. hand grenade with extra safety clips, load carrying equipment (LCE), and a requirement to use hand grenades during a unit mission.

Standards:

Identify each grenade by type to ensure you have the appropriate grenades required to accomplish your assigned tasks based on the capabilities of the grenades. Inspect the grenades for defects. Report and turn in grenades that have defects. Correctly attach grenades to your ammunition pouch. Use the grenades against intended targets to accomplish your assigned tasks by applying proper grip, throwing technique, and safety precautions. Take cover within 4 seconds after throwing a fragmentation or white phosphorous grenade to avoid the effects of the grenade.

Performance Steps

Number One:

Identify grenades you have been issued by type, color, markings, and usage to ensure they are appropriate for accomplishment of the specific tasks assigned to you

M61 and M67 fragmentation

Color/markings:

Olive drab body with a single yellow band at the top. Nomenclature and/or lot numbers are in yellow.

Usage:

To kill enemy soldiers

M15 white phosphorus (WP)

Color/Markings:

Gray body with one yellow band and yellow markings

Usage:

Used for signaling, Screening, and incendiary purposes.

AN-M8 HC White Smoke

Color/Markings:

Light green body with black markings and a white top

Usage:

Used for signaling and screening

M18 Colored

Color/Markings:

Olive drab body with the top

Usage:

Used as a ground-to-ground smoke indicating the smoke color or ground-to-air signaling device, a target or landing zone marking device, or a screening device for unit movements.

ABC-M25A2 CS Riot Control

Color/Markings:

Gray body with a red band and markings.

Usage:

To control riots or disable personnel without serious injury

AN-M14 TH3 Incendiary

Color/Markings:

Light red with black markings

Usage:

To destroy equipment and start fires.

Number Two:

Inspect hand grenades for defects.

WARNING:

1. Never Make Unauthorized Modifications To Hand Grenades.

2. A Safety Clip Can Be Removed And Reattached To A Grenade If The Safety Pin Is Still In Place.3. Never Attempt To Reinsert A Safety Pin. Once The Safety Pin Has Been Pulled, The Grenade Must Be Thrown.

(a) Check for, and turn in grenades with, the following deficiencies:

(1) Missing safety clip and/or safety pin. (If the safety pin is mispositioned, carefully push it into place. If bent, bend it back into position while holding the safety lever down).

(2) Cracked body.

(3) Broken fuse lugs.

(4) Bent or broken safety lever.

(5) Cracked pull ring.

(6) Loose fuse.

(b) Check for dirt and wipe the grenade clean if it is dirty

Number Three:
Attach the grenade to an ammunition pouch.

(1) Open the web carrying sleeve on the side of the ammunition pouch.

(2) Slip the grenade safety lever over the small strap that is sewn into the web carrying sleeve and push the grenade down until it is fully seated in the web carrying sleeve.

(3) Ensure the pull ring is in the downward position.

(4) Wrap the carrying strap around the neck of the fuse and snap the carrying strap to the carrying sleeve.

Number Four:

Use grenades against designated targets.

WARNING: Chemical Smoke Hand Grenades Have Casualty-Producing And Incendiary Capabilities. Therefore, Ensure These Grenades Are Not Used Near Friendly Personnel For Signaling Or For Laying Down A Smoke Screen Which Friendly Personnel Will Have To Move Through

NOTE: Throwing Positions Are Dictated By Particular Situations. The Following Throwing Positions Are Standard For Throwing U.S. Army Issue Grenades:

Standing:

Most desirable and natural one from which to throw grenades. Use when you are occupying a fighting position or during operations in fortified positions or urban terrain.

Standing Cont:

(1) Assume a natural stance with weight balanced equally on both feet. Use the proper grip and hold the grenade shoulder high.

(2)Remove the safety clip and safety pin.

(3)Throw the grenade, using the overhand method so that the grenade arcs, landing on or near the target.

(4)Seek cover immediately to avoid being hit by fragments. If no cover is available, drop to the ground in the prone position with your helmet facing the direction of the grenade detonation.

Kneeling:

Reduces the distance a grenade can be thrown. Use when you have only a low wall, shallow ditch, or similar cover for protection.

Kneeling Cont:

(1) Assume a kneeling position. Use the proper grip and hold the grenade shoulder high.

(2) Remove the safety clip and safety pin.

(3) Throw the grenade with a natural throwing motion, pushing off with your trailing foot to give added force to your throw.

(4)When the grenade is released, drop to the ground behind available cover. If no cover is available, drop to the ground in the prone position with your helmet facing the direction of the grenade detonation.

Prone:

Reduces both distance and accuracy. Use only when you are pinned down and unable to rise to engage the target.

Prone Cont:

(1) Lie on your back with your body perpendicular to the grenades intended line of flight. Use the proper grip and hold the grenade at shoulder level.

(2) Remove the safety clip and safety pin.

(3) Cock your right leg (left leg for a left-handed thrower) with your foot braced firmly against the ground. With your free hand, grasp any object capable of giving you added leverage to increase throwing distance.

(4) Throw the grenade with a natural throwing motion, pushing off with your rearward foot to give added force to your throw.

(5) When the grenade is released, roll over onto your stomach and press yourself flat against the ground

Number Four Cont:

(a) Position yourself in a covered position that will allow you to throw the grenade effectively, protect you from enemy fire, and from the effects of the detonating

(b) Quickly observe the target to determine the distance between the throwing position and the target area.

c. Grip the grenade with the throwing hand.

(1) Right-handed: Hold the grenade upright in the palm of your hand. Place your thumb over the safety lever with the safety clip and pull ring-away from the palm of the throwing hand so that it can be easily removed.

(2) Left-handed: Hold the grenade upside down in the palm of your hand. Place your thumb over the safety lever with the safety clip and pull-ring away from the palm of the throwing hand so that it can be easily removed.

Left Handed

Right Handed

Number Four Cont:

(d) Remove the safety clip and safety pin.

(e) Quickly look at the target and toss the grenade using an overhand throw so that the grenade arcs, landing on or near the target.

(f) Take cover immediately, exposing yourself to enemy fire and the effects of the detonating grenade for no more than three seconds.

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