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Identify the requirements to supervise radiation monitoring procedures

Identify the steps to follow to conduct periodic and continuous monitoring.

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Terminal Learning Objective

ACTION:

Identify the requirements to supervise radiation monitoring procedures.

CONDITIONS:

Given a scenario that contains the commander's OEG; a squad that has trained operators and radiac equipment; DA Form 1971-R (Radiological Data sheet, Monitoring and Point Technique);
DA Form 1971-5-R (Unit Radiation Dose Record); NBC 4 Report; pencil or pen; a map of the area; and a simulated situation where nuclear warfare has started or is imminent, or an incident has occurred involving DULLRAM.

Terminal Learning Objective (cont.)

STANDARD:

Identify the steps to follow to conduct periodic and continuous monitoring. Identify the requirements to ensure operators take readings at least once per hour and record them on the appropriate forms.

Learning Objective A

ACTION:

Identify requirements for supervising periodic monitoring.

Learning Objective A (cont.)

CONDITIONS:

Given a scenario that contains the commander's OEG; a squad that has trained operators and radiac equipment; DA Form 1971-R (Radiological Data sheet, Monitoring and Point Technique); NBC 4 Report; pencil or pen; a map of the area; and a simulated situation where nuclear warfare has started or is imminent, or an incident has occurred involving DULLRAM. You have been directed by your commander to direct your unit radiac equipment operators to conduct periodic monitoring in the area.

Learning Objective A (cont.)

STANDARD:

Identify steps to follow to supervise periodic monitoring to include ensuring operators take readings at least once per hour and recording the reading on the appropriate forms.

Area Monitoring

Monitoring provides the following:

Early warning and useful radiological information to units at all levels

Warning of hazards that might otherwise go undetected (e.g., monitoring alerts the unit to the arrival of fallout)

Information to the unit commander about the degree of hazard in the unit area

Data for development of the radiological contamination overlay at the division level

Periodic Monitoring

The recurring check of a unit's area for radiation.

Assures commander that the unit area is not contaminated.

Warns the unit if contamination arrives.

Continuous Monitoring

The surveillance for radiation in the unit area or position.

An around-the-clock check for radiation in the unit's area.

Direct Monitoring

The simplest and most precise type of monitoring.

Consists of unshielded dose rate readings.

Used when conditions and operational exposure guidance (OEG) permit.

Direct Monitoring Procedures

Indirect Monitoring

Measures dose rates within an area shielded from radiation.

Allows the unit to measure radiation levels and still keep exposure to a minimum.

The preferred method when operating in a contaminated area.

Indirect Monitoring Procedures

Automatic Reports

All units in the contaminated area submit certain monitoring reports automatically.

Provide the minimum essential information for warning, hazard evaluation, and survey planning.

Sent through specified channels to reach the NBC Center (NBCC).

Nondivisional and corps units in a division area submit reports to the division NBCC.

Corps units send reports to corps NBCC.

Additional Reports

In addition to automatic reports, units may be required or directed to submit other reports.

Special Reports

Field standing operating procedures (FSOP)/ operations plan (OPLAN)/operational order (OPORD) and other standing instructions may establish the requirement for special NBC 4 Nuclear Reports.

Increasing and Decreasing Reports

Dose rates reported on NBC 4 Nuclear Reports (line item ROMEO) followed by the words increasing or decreasing are never sent unless requested.

Directed Reports

Selected units in the contaminated area will be directed to submit additional NBC 4 Nuclear Reports.

The NBCC uses these reports to evaluate a radiological contamination hazard, the decay rate of fallout, and how long this decay rate (and contamination overlay) will remain valid.

Used to determine the H-hour (if unknown) and the soil type in induced area.

Series Report

Consists of dose rate readings taken at the same location at 30-minute intervals for 2 hours followed by hourly reports.

Begins after a peak dose rate has been noted at the monitor's location.

Summary Report

A Summary Report shows the radiation distribution throughout a unit's area of responsibility.

Verification Report

A unit's response to a direct request from the NBCC.

Requested by NBCC if data are lacking from a specified location near or in the unit area.

Can be used to recheck an unusually high dose rate, a zero reading, or other abnormalities.

Verification Report (cont.)

The NBCC is aware that the previously reported dose rate is no longer valid because radioactive decay will have taken place.

Not a retransmission of previously reported readings, but a check of the actual condition of the area.

Correlation Factor

CF data are computed so that shielded dose rate readings can be converted to unshielded dose rate readings.

Learning Objective B

ACTION:

Identify requirements to supervise continuous monitoring.

Learning Objective B (cont.)

CONDITIONS:

Given a scenario that contains the commander's OEG; a squad that has trained operators and radiac equipment; DA Form 1971-5-R (Unit Radiation Dose Record); NBC 4 Report; pencil or pen; a map of the area; and a simulated situation where nuclear warfare has started or is imminent, or an incident has occurred involving DULLRAM. You have been directed by your commander to direct your unit radiac equipment operators to conduct continuous monitoring in the area.

Learning Objective B (cont.)

STANDARD:

Identify steps to follow to conduct continuous monitoring to include recording the information on the appropriate forms.

Procedures for Supervising Continuous Monitoring