dcsimg
This website is not affiliated with the U.S. government or military.

441-091-3000 (SL3) - Supervise the Implementation of Air Defense Measures

Standards: Established and directed unit air defense posture. Ensured 100 percent use of available passive defense measures. Planned for employment of all available individual and crew-served weapons capable of being directed against enemy air threats. Ensured hostile targets engaged were destroyed, neutralized, or suppressed.

Conditions: You are a leader in a tactical combat situation. Given the concept of operations from your higher headquarters, employ your direct fire weapons as an effective method of defense against attacking enemy aircraft. You will use this method in conjunction with passive air defense techniques and will provide effective air defense protection with or without specific supporting air defense (AD) assets.

Standards: Established and directed unit air defense posture. Ensured 100 percent use of available passive defense measures. Planned for employment of all available individual and crew-served weapons capable of being directed against enemy air threats. Ensured hostile targets engaged were destroyed, neutralized, or suppressed.

Performance Steps

1.   Prepare and brief unit personnel on each of the following battle data and information:

a. Air dimension of the intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) process. (Includes the portion of the IPB process that provides intelligence data.)

(1)  Threat overview.

(2)  Estimate hostile air strength.

b. Terrain analysis.  (Briefs analysis data for friendly elements.)

(1)  Observation and fields of fire.

(2)  Air avenues of approach.  Air routes of an attacking force.

2.   Brief the rules of engagement (ROE).  Rules of engagement are the positive and procedural management directives.  Specify the circumstances and limitations under which your unit initiates or continues a combat engagement.

a. Right of self-defense.  When under attack, the right of self-defense takes precedence over any other established rules and procedures that normally govern engagements.

b. Hostile criteria.  Specify which detected targets and under what circumstances they are considered hostile.

c. Air defense warning (ADW).  (Provide status of air defense conditions.)

(1)  ADW Red.  Attack by hostile aircraft or missiles is imminent or in progress.

(2)  ADW Yellow.  Attack by hostile aircraft or missiles are probable.

(3)  ADW White.  Attack by hostile aircraft or missiles are improbable.

d. Weapon control status (WCS).  Describe the relative degree in effect under which the fires of air defense systems are managed:

(1)  Weapons Free.  Fire at any aircraft not positively identified as friendly.

(2)  Weapons Tight.  Fire only at aircraft positively identified as hostile.

(3)  Weapons Hold.  Do not fire except in self-defense or in response to a formal order.

e. Local air defense warning (LADW).  Provide the LADW status:

(1)  Dynamite.  Air platforms are inbound or are attacking; response is immediate.

(2)  Lookout.  Air platforms are in the area of interest, but are not threatening, or they are inbound with time to react.

(3)  Snowman.  No air platforms pose a threat at this time.

f.  Method of receiving directed early warning with or without an Air and Missile Defense Officer (AMDO):

(1)  AMDO disseminates local air defense warning on supported unit net.  ("Dynamite! Dynamite! Four Hinds heading East at Phase Line Blue.")

(2)  Without an AMDO, the unit may monitor the early warning net.

3.   Establish air attack warning systems and include search and scan techniques.

a. Establish visual warnings (hand signal, flag).

b. Establish audible warnings (vehicle, horn, whistle, siren, and voice).

c. Position air watch sentries in the unit's area of operation.

d. Position air guards in a convoy.

e. Apply search and scan techniques.

4.   Enforce passive air defense measures.

Note.  Passive air defense measures are all measures, other than active defense, taken to minimize the effects of the hostile air action.  Passive defense measures are of two types:  attack avoidance and damage, limiting measures that include the use of protective cover, concealment, camouflage, and deception.

a. Attack avoidance measures.  Include concealment, camouflage, and deception.

(1)  Use available concealment (hiding, blending, and disguising).

(2)  Use natural and manmade materials for camouflage effectively.

b. Damage limiting measures (dispersion, protective construction, and use of cover).

(1)  Use dispersion, protective construction, and cover effectively.

(2)  Select position(s) that cannot be seen from the air.

5.   Direct engagement of hostile air targets using combined arms for air defense procedures.

a. Volume and mass fire.

b. For correct leads, use football field lengths.

c. Aiming points for helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV).

d. Firing positions for small arms.  Select and use natural and manmade positions.

e. Aircraft engagement techniques for missile systems.

Evaluation Preparation: Evaluate this task during a field exercise, during improved moving target simulator (IMTS) training, or as part of lane training. Provide the soldier with the mission and concept of operations, maps, and overlays for air intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) development and employment of assets. Ensure sufficient equipment is available for passive air defense measure implementation. Provide live air or drone aircraft for target detection, identification, and engagement.

Note. If live air, IMTS, or drone aircraft are not available, aircraft recognition can be performed using aircraft recognition cards or other multimedia techniques.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that he is to plan for and employ all available assets capable of being directed against enemy air threats, fully implement passive air defense measures (in the offense or defense), communicate air defense warnings and weapons control status, and destroy, neutralize, or suppress all enemy air threats.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Prepared and briefed unit personnel on the following battle data and information.

--

--

a. Air dimension of the IPB process.  Included the portion of the IPB process that provides intelligence data.

 

 

(1)  Threat overview.

 

 

(2)  Estimated hostile air strength.

 

 

b. Terrain analysis.

 

 

(1)  Observation and fields of fire.

 

 

(2)  Air avenues of approach; air routes of an attacking force.

 

 

2.   Briefed ROE to unit personnel specifying the circumstances and limitations under which the unit would initiate or continue a combat engagement.

--

--

a. Right of self-defense.  When under attack, the right of self-defense took precedence over any other established rules and procedures that normally govern engagements.

 

 

b. Hostile target criteria specifying which targets, when detected, were friendly or hostile.

 

 

c. ADW in effect.

 

 

d. WCS in effect.

 

 

e. LADW in effect.

 

 

f.  Methods of disseminating early warning information and data.

 

 

3.   Directed establishment of an air attack warning system.

--

--

a. Established visual warnings.

 

 

b. Established audible warnings.

 

 

c. Positioned air watch sentries.

 

 

d. Performed search and scan procedures.

 

 

4.   Enforced passive air defense measures using:

--

--

a. Attack-avoidance measures.

 

 

(1)  Used concealment principles.

 

 

(2)  Used available concealment .

 

 

(3)  Used natural and manmade materials for camouflage effectively.

 

 

b. Damage limiting measures.

 

 

(1)  Selected positions with natural covering.

 

 

(2)  Used dispersion, protective construction, and cover effectively.

 

 

5.   Directed engagements of hostile aircraft using combined air defense procedures.

--

--

a. Applied proper engagement procedures.

 

 

(1)  Volume and massing fire.

 

 

(2)  Football field technique.

 

 

(3)  Ensured proper aiming points were used for flight directions of hostile aircraft.

 

 

b. Applied firing positions for small arms.

 

 

c. Applied aircraft engagement techniques for missile systems.

 

 

Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if he passes all performance measures. Score the soldier NO GO if he fails any performance measures. If the soldier fails any performance measures, explain and or show him what was done wrong and how to perform the measures correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM 5-103

 

 

FM 20-3

 

 

FM 34-130

 

 

FM 44-8

 

 

FM 44-80

 

 

FM 44-100