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301-371-1150 (SL3) - Identify Intelligence and Electronic Warfare (IEW) Assets

Standards: Identified the types of intelligence and electronic warfare (IEW) support available and how they were integrated into the combined arms team.

Conditions: Given the OPLAN, operational overlay, current enemy situation and a map of the area.

Standards: Identified the types of intelligence and electronic warfare (IEW) support available and how they were integrated into the combined arms team.

Performance Steps

1.   Identify the four major tasks that make up the IEW mission.

a. Situation development.

b. Target development.

c. Electronic warfare (EW).

d. Counterintelligence (CI).

2.   Determine the role of situation development.

a. Locate enemy forces.

b. Determine enemy capabilities, vulnerabilities, and intentions.

c. Identify the enemy main effort.

d. Determine how weather and terrain will affect friendly and enemy operations.

e. Detect opportunities to exploit enemy weaknesses and seize or retain the initiative.

3.   Determine the role of target development.

a. Provide combat information.

b. Provide targeting data.

c. Correlate target information.

4.   Determine the role of EW.

a. Define EW.

(1)  EW is the means through which commanders protect their own electronic systems while attacking those of the enemy.

(2)  EW exploits, disrupts, and deceives enemy command and control while protecting friendly use of communications and non-communications systems.

(3)  On the battlefield, EW is divided into two categories:  offensive and defensive.

b. Define electronic attack (EA).

(1)  Offensive EW is referred to as EA.

(2)  EA is the transmission of electronic jamming signals that disrupt the enemy's communications and other signal emitter systems.  It also transmits false communications that deceive enemy forces through their own information collection systems.

(3)  EW assets are targeted in much the same way as artillery and other weapon systems.

(4)  EA includes jamming and deception.

c. Define electronic warfare support (ES).

(1)  Enemy sources of radiated electromagnetic energy are searched for, located, and identified through a process called ES.

(2)  ES focuses on the immediate requirements of the tactical commander.

(3)  ES includes the efforts to search, identify, intercept, and locate electronic emitters.

d. Define electronic protection (EP).

(1)  Defensive EW seeks to protect friendly use of the electromagnetic spectrum by employing EP.

(2)  EP is the actions taken to protect friendly command, control, and communication (C3) from enemy collection and disruption efforts.

(3)  EP is planned around the commander's mission and concept of operations, and is the responsibility of the operations officer (G3/S3).  Based on the mission, those communications and electronic systems that must be protected are identified and their vulnerability to enemy EA is assessed.  The operation of these systems is then planned and monitored to ensure that the times, frequencies, duration, and location of their emissions provide the greatest possible security from enemy collection and disruption efforts.

Note.  FM 34-10 and FM 34-25 have not been updated to reflect current IEW terminology.  These manuals refer to electronic attack (EA) as electronic countermeasures (ECM), electronic warfare support (ES) as electronic warfare support measures (ESM) and electronic protection (EP) as electronic counter-countermeasures (ECCM).

5.   Determine the role of counterintelligence (CI).

a. Counters the hostile intelligence threat.

b. Safeguards the command from surprise.

c. Deceives the enemy.

d. Counters enemy sabotage, subversion, and terrorism.

6.   Identify the major intelligence disciplines.

a. Human intelligence (HUMINT) includes all information derived through human sources not accessible to other collection assets.  HUMINT employs overt, covert, and clandestine operations to achieve worldwide collection objectives.

b. Imagery intelligence (IMINT).  IMINT can be obtained from land, sea, air, and space platforms (radar, photographic, infrared, and electro-optic imagery).

c. Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is the products resulting from the collection, evaluation, analysis, integration, and interpretation of information derived from intercepted electromagnetic emissions.

d. Measurement and signature intelligence (MASINT) is scientific and technical intelligence obtained by quantitative and qualitative analysis of data derived from technical sensors for the purpose of identifying any distinctive features associated with the source, emitter, or sender and to facilitate subsequent identification or measurement.

7.   Recognize how IEW supports the battlefield commander.

a. Collect information on enemy forces.

b. Provide targeting data to fire and maneuver elements.

c. Evaluate, analyze, integrate, and interpret collected information to produce intelligence.

d. Disseminate the intelligence product to the appropriate users.

e. Conduct EW operations.

f.  Support operations security (OPSEC) and deception.

8.   Identify the staff responsibilities for IEW.

a. The G2 coordinates the intelligence effort.  He identifies intelligence requirements based on the commander's guidance and concept of the operation.

b. The G3 has staff responsibility for planning and directing the jamming and deception operations of the command.  He directs EA actions needed to support planned and ongoing operations.  He identifies, in coordination with the G2, ES requirements to support EW.

c. The military intelligence (MI) unit commander manages the MI assets to accomplish the assigned EW missions.  He exercises command and control (C2) over all organic and attached MI elements and operational control (OPCON) over supporting MI assets.

9.   Identify how IEW is integrated into the combined arms team.

a. Division tactical operations center support element (DTOCSE) augments the G2 and G3.  Part of this element, the electronic warfare section (EWS), is the principle mission manager for EA.  The EWS is also involved with the fire support element in the targeting process.

b. The analysis and control element (ACE), formerly referred to as the technical control and analysis element (TCAE), is part of the MI battalion tactical operations center (TOC) and is the asset manager for all ES and EA missions tasked to the MI battalion.

c. Intelligence and electronic warfare support element (IEWSE) is attached to the maneuver brigade TOC from the MI battalion.  This element serves as an interface between MI assets in the brigade area and the brigade S2 and S3.

d. The G2, G3, fire support officer and communications-electronics (CE) officer coordinate and direct IEW operations.  They obtain the information required to answer the commander's requirements concerning both enemy forces and friendly vulnerabilities.  They integrate EA with maneuver and fire and plan and coordinate OPSEC measures and defensive EP measures to protect from enemy intelligence collections operations.

Evaluation Preparation:

Setup: Provide the soldier with the materials listed in the conditions statement.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to identify the types of EW support available and how they are incorporated into the combined arms team.

Performance Measures



1.   Identified the four major tasks that make up the IEW mission.



2.   Determined the role of situation development.



3.   Determined the role of target development.



4.   Determined the role of EW to include-



a. Defined EW.



b. Defined EA.



c. Defined ES.



d. Defined EP.



5.   Determined the role of CI.



6.   Identified the major intelligence disciplines.



7.   Recognized how IEW supports the battlefield commander.



8.   Identified the staff responsibilities for IEW to include-



a. Responsibilities of the G2.



b. Responsibilities of the G3.



c. Responsibilities of the MI unit commander.



9.   Identified how IEW is integrated into the combined arms team to include-



a. The MI support elements that assist in IEW operations.



b. The principal personnel that coordinate and direct IEW operations.




Evaluation Guidance: Failure to achieve a GO for this task will result in retraining of the failed areas and retesting. A second NO GO will result in retraining of the entire task and retesting.







FM 34-3



FM 34-1



FM 34-10



FM 34-25