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191-379-4407 (SL3) - Plan Convoy Security Operations

Standards: Developed a plan that included all required considerations for the specific mission, coordinated with appropriate units for required support, ensured that necessary equipment and supplies were available and operational, and prepared briefings for the security personnel on the mission and assigned specific duties. Ensured that 360-degree security was maintained from the point of origin to destination when escorting special weapons.

Conditions: You are given an operation order (OPORD), a combat load, a map of the area, a compass, a protractor, communications equipment, signal operating instructions (SOI), security personnel, and special orders, if required.

Standards: Developed a plan that included all required considerations for the specific mission, coordinated with appropriate units for required support, ensured that necessary equipment and supplies were available and operational, and prepared briefings for the security personnel on the mission and assigned specific duties. Ensured that 360-degree security was maintained from the point of origin to destination when escorting special weapons.

Performance Steps

1.   Receive the OPORD.

Note.  Follow all steps in troop-leading procedures. When carrying special weapons or ammunition, ensure that you obtain the special orders concerning this cargo, that you understand them, and that they cover any situations not covered in the OPORD.

2.   Coordinate with the host nation security personnel.

3.   Consult all sources of information, especially the engineers and the highway traffic division (HTD), to obtain as much information as possible.

4.   Reconnoiter the convoy route to identify the following:

a. Likely trouble spots and ambush sites.

b. Possible locations for traffic control posts (TCPs) and/or checkpoints.

c. Route conditions.

d. Location of friendly units in the area.

5.   Coordinate with the convoy commander to determine-

a. Actions to be taken if enemy contact is made by-

(1)  A sniper.

(2)  An ambush with the road blocked.

(3)  An ambush with the road not blocked.

(4)  An air attack.

(5)  An artillery attack.

Note.  Based on the mission and/or the type of cargo, the reaction to an enemy attack may vary.  See STP 19B1-SM, Task 191-376-4110.  When carrying special weapons or ammunition, ensure that procedures are covered in the special orders on exactly how to react to enemy contact.

b. Protective measures for mines and booby traps.

c. Convoy organizations to include the location of-

(1)  Critical cargo vehicles.

(2)  Control vehicles.

(3)  Armored vehicles and automatic weapons.

Note.  Armored vehicles and automatic weapons are positioned within the convoy so they are mutually supporting.

(4)  Maintenance and recovery vehicles.

Note.  The convoy commander and/or unit maintenance officer or noncommissioned officer (NCO) will decide whether to repair, recover, or destroy vehicles.

d. Primary and backup frequencies.

e. Emergency communications procedures.

f.  The timetable for movements (especially for serials and march units).

g. Coordination points (assembly area for everyone).

h. Start and release points.

i.   Security measures to be used at halts and rest stops.  The location of the halts should be-

(1)  In a relatively secure area.

(2)  Off the roadway where there is some natural cover and concealment.

(3)  Under the surveillance of a security force.

(4)  Where there is an unobstructed view for 200 meters at each end of the convoy (no curves, hills, and so forth).

(5)  In an area that is large enough to maintain convoy interval.

(6)  Where local civilians can be kept away from the convoy.

(7)  In an area that is not heavily populated.

(8)  Where there are host nation police present (if applicable).

Note.  When carrying special weapons or ammunition, additional procedures covering the establishment of an exclusion area and the enforcement of the "two-man rule" must be covered and written in the special orders, ensuring 360-degree security is maintained on the special weapons.  If security cannot be maintained, instructions on how and when to disable the weapons must be included.

j.   The time and place that military police (MP) support begins and ends.

k. Expected changes in the routes.

l.   Road conditions.

m.   Supporting fires to include artillery support, engineer support (for minesweeping of the route), gunship support, and host nation police support, if applicable.

n. Primary and alternate routes.

o. The location where MP vehicles and personnel will be positioned in the convoy.

p. The method of escort for the convoy.  Escort methods are as follows:

(1)  Scout, lead, and trail (leading/following).

(2)  Empty truck (or modified).

(3)  Leap frog.

(4)  Perimeter.

6.   Brief personnel on the mission, enemy situation, and specific individual duties to be performed to include-

a. Procedures to be followed in case of mechanical breakdown.

b. Defensive measures to be used against mines and booby traps.

c. Actions to be taken when there is contact with the enemy (see STP 19-95B1-SM, Task 191-376-4110).

d. The method of escort.

e. Communications.

f.  Special orders if applicable.

7.   Coordinate with friendly units (in the area where the convoy will pass) to identify-

a. The support the friendly units can provide.

b. What restrictions apply for the use of indirect fire.

8.   Coordinate with artillery units.

a. Identify predetermined targets found during route reconnaissance or through coordination with the convoy commander.

b. Identify locations for rest stops, halts, and possible enemy ambush sites.

9.   Coordinate with helicopter and/or Air Force units for gunship support.

10. Inspect equipment to include-

a. Vehicles.

b. Radios.

c. Ammunition.

d. Weapons.

e. Nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) equipment.

f.  Combat load.

Evaluation Preparation:

Setup: Schedule a field training exercise that will require the squad leader to plan convoy security operations.

Brief Soldier: Tell the squad leader being evaluated that he must develop an accurate and concise plan for convoy security operations.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Received the OPORD.

--

--

Note:  Followed all steps in troop-leading procedures.

 

 

2.   Coordinated with the host nation security personnel.

--

--

3.   Consulted all sources of information, especially the engineers and the HTD, to obtain as much information as possible.

--

--

4.   Reconnoitered the convoy route and identified the following:

--

--

a. Likely trouble spots and ambush sites.

 

 

b. Possible locations for TCPs and/or checkpoints.

 

 

c. Route conditions.

 

 

d. Location of friendly units in the area.

 

 

5.   Coordinated with the convoy commander to determine-

--

--

Note.  Ensured 360-degree security was maintained from the point of origin to destination when escorting special weapons.

 

 

a. Actions to be taken if enemy contact was made.

 

 

b. Protective measures for mines and booby traps.

 

 

c. Convoy organizations.

 

 

d. Primary and backup frequencies.

 

 

e. Emergency communications procedures.

 

 

f.  The timetable for movements (especially for serials and march units).

 

 

g. Coordination points (assembly area for everyone).

 

 

h. Start and release points.

 

 

i.   Security measures to be used at halts and rest stops.

 

 

j.   The time and place that MP support begins and ends.

 

 

k. Expected changes in the routes.

 

 

l.   Road conditions.

 

 

m.   Supporting fires to include artillery support, engineer support (for minesweeping of the route), gunship support, and host nation support, if applicable.

 

 

n. Primary and alternate routes.

 

 

o. The location where MP vehicles and personnel would be positioned in the convoy.

 

 

p. The method of escort for the convoy.

 

 

6.   Briefed personnel on the mission, enemy situation, and specific individual duties to be performed.

--

--

7.   Coordinated with friendly units (in the area where the convoy would pass) to identify-

--

--

a. The support the friendly units could provide.

 

 

b. What restrictions applied for the use of indirect fire?

 

 

8.   Coordinated with artillery units.

--

--

9.   Coordinated with helicopter and/or Air Force units for gunship support.

--

--

10. Inspected equipment.

--

--

Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM 3-19.1

FM 3-19.30

 

FM 3-19.4

FM 7-10

 

 

FM 19-25