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191-378-4302 (SL3) - Form Squad-Size Riot Control Formations

Standards: Selected the best formation to control or disperse the crowd. Correctly formed the squad into the formation selected. Reassembled the squad from the formation after the crowd had been controlled or dispersed.

Conditions: Given a riot control situation and a squad of soldiers fully equipped with riot control gear, FM 19-15, and STP 19-95B1-SM.

Standards: Selected the best formation to control or disperse the crowd. Correctly formed the squad into the formation selected. Reassembled the squad from the formation after the crowd had been controlled or dispersed.

Performance Steps

Note. Any size squad, platoon, or large unit can be employed and a crowd control formation can be adapted to fit the unit organization. A leader should be able to employ a unit sized to fit the circumstances.

1.   Prepare the squad for formation.

a. Form the squad in a single column behind you, with the base member directly behind you and the assistant squad leader at the end.

b. Direct squad members to count off from front to rear with yourself as number one and the base member as number two.

Note. The purpose for counting off is so each squad member has a number and will know where his position will be in each type of formation.

2.   Direct the squad in forming a squad line (figure 191-378-4302-1).


Figure 191-378-4302-1. Squad Line Formation with Squad Leader and
Assistant Squad Leader

Note.  As an offensive formation, this formation is used to push or drive crowds straight back across an open area or up a city street. As a defensive formation, it is used to hold a rioting group in place or to deny them access to restricted streets or areas.

a. Face the squad and give the command, "Squad as skirmishers......" Simultaneously, give hand signals with the command by raising your arms straight out, horizontal to the shoulders, hands extended, palms down.

b. Point to where you want the squad to assemble and complete the command, "Move." (Make sure the base member moves to where you pointed and the rest of the squad forms up according to their number.)

c. Take your position behind the formation.

3.   Direct the squad in forming a squad echelon, right or left (figure 191-378-4302-2).


Figure 191-378-4302-2. Squad Echelon, Right and Left

Note. This formation is used offensively to turn groups in either open or built-up areas and to move crowds away from buildings, fences, or walls.

a. Face the squad and give the command, "Squad echelon right (or left)." Simultaneously, give hand and arm signals by extending one arm 45 degrees above the horizon and the other arm 45 degrees below the horizon, arms and hands extended. (When facing the squad, the upper arm shows the direction of the echelon.)

b. Point to where the squad should assemble and complete the command, "Move." (The base member will move to where you pointed. The rest of the squad will align themselves on the base member, one pace behind the member in front and one pace to the right or left, depending on the echelon.)

c. Position yourself behind the formation.

4.   Direct the squad in forming a squad wedge (figure 191-378-4302-3).


Figure 191-378-4302-3. Squad Wedge

Note. This formation is used as an offensive formation to penetrate or to split crowds.

a. Face the squad and give the command, "Squad wedge." Simultaneously, give hand and arm signals in conjunction with the command. (Extend both arms down and to the sides at an angle of 45 degrees below the horizon, arms and hands extended, palms down.)

b. Point to where the squad will assemble and complete the command, "Move." (The base member will move to where you pointed. The odd numbered members align themselves behind the base member, one pace to the left and one pace to the rear of the preceding member. Even numbered personnel will do the same except to the right.)

5.   Tell the squad members which weapon positions to use. Each position has a specific use and is discussed below.

a. Safe port. Use when making a show of force (figure 191-378-4302-4).


Figure 191-378-4302-4.  Safe Port

b. Safe guard. Use for semi-readiness (figure 191-378-4302-5).


Figure 191-378-4302-5.  Safe Guard

c. On guard. Use for complete readiness and when troops are in contact with a group showing any kind of resistance or hesitance to withdraw (figure 191-378-4302-6).


Figure 191-378-4302-6.  On Guard

 

6.   Reassemble the squad.

a. Take a position a sufficient distance to the rear of the squad and command, "Squad assemble."  Simultaneously, raise your right hand in the air and make a circular motion. (The squad members who hear the command automatically come to the safe-port position. The base member faces the squad leader. The other squad members face toward the base member.)

b. Point to the place you want the squad to assemble and give the command of execution "Move." (The base member double-times to the designated spot, and the other members of the squad follow the base member. The squad forms in a column behind the base member and waits for further instruction.)

 

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Prepared the squad for formation.

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2.   Directed the squad in forming a squad line.

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3.   Directed the squad in forming a squad echelon, right and left.

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4.   Directed the squad in forming a squad wedge.

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5.   Told the squad members which weapon positions to use.

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6.   Reassembled the squad.

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Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM 19-15

 

 

STP 19-95B1-SM