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181-105-2002 (SL2) - Conduct Combat Operations According to the Law of War

Standards: Conducted operations in accordance with the Law of War and employed actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.

Conditions: You are a soldier in a deployed unit who has a mission that requires you and your subordinates to be actively involved in operations governed by the Law of War.

Standards: Conducted operations in accordance with the Law of War and employed actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.

Performance Steps

1.   Identify the key elements of the Hague and Geneva conventions that pertain to combat operations.

a. Unlawful and lawful targets.

b. Noncombatants.

c. Lawful use of force.

d. Protected property-property dedicated to the humanities; structures and items of cultural or historical significance; and schools, orphanages, and other places dedicated to the use and benefit of children.

e. Protected medical transports and facilities.

f.  Proper use of medical service symbols, a flag of truce, national emblems, and/or insignia or uniforms of an opposing force.

g. Define perfidy and treachery.

h. Proportionate use of force.

i.   Weapons and actions that cause unnecessary suffering and harm.

j.   Duties of the captor to prisoners of war, retained persons, and detainees.

k. Duties of combatants toward civilians and civilian property.

l.   Rights, responsibilities, and discipline of prisoners of war.

m.   War crimes constituting grave breaches.

n. State obligations when evidence of a war crime exists.

o. Requirements to report Law of War violations.

2.   Employ actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.

a. Protect-

(1)  Noncombatants/civilians.

(2)  Property.

(3)  Prisoners of war, retained persons, and detainees.

(4)  Medical transports and facilities.

b. Prevent engagement of unlawful targets.

(1)  Protective emblems.

(2)  Noncombatants and protected property.

(3)  Indiscriminate fire.

(4)  Rules of engagement.

c. List actions to prevent excessive use of force.

d. List actions to prevent unauthorized use of medical service symbols, flags of truce, national emblems, and enemy uniform/insignia.

e. List actions to prevent unnecessary destruction or seizure of property.

f.  List actions to prevent unnecessary suffering and harm.

g. List actions to enforce the rights and responsibilities of prisoners of war.

h. Describe the obligations of a military commander with respect to prevention, suppression, and prosecution of war crimes.

i.   Describe the concept of command responsibility in relation to war crimes.

j.   List methods for reporting violations of the Law of War.

Evaluation Preparation:

Setup: Evaluate this task at the end of Law of War training.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier that he will be evaluated on his ability to conduct combat operations in accordance with the Law of War and employ actions to prevent violations of the Law of War.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Employed actions that prevented Law of War violations and war crimes to protect-

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a. Noncombatants and civilians.

 

 

b. Property.

 

 

c. Prisoners of war and detainees.

 

 

d. Protected medical transports and facilities.

 

 

2.   Employed actions that prevented Law of War violations and war crimes:

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a. Engagement of unlawful targets.

 

 

b. Excessive use of force.

 

 

c. Unauthorized use of medical services symbol, flag of truce, national emblems, and enemy insignias and uniforms.

 

 

d. Unnecessary suffering and harm.

 

 

3.   Employed actions that enforce the rights and responsibilities of prisoners of war.

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4.   Listed the duties of the captor to prisoners of war, retained persons, and detainees.

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5.   Listed the duties of combatants toward civilians and civilian property.

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6.   Listed the rights and responsibilities of prisoners of war.

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7.   Listed war crimes that constitute grave breaches.

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8.   Listed the State obligations that occur when evidence of a war crime exists.

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9.   Listed the requirement to report Law of War violations.

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10. Listed the specific rules of engagement.

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11. Listed the commander's primary responsibilities.

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Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.