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071-326-5704 (SL2) - Supervise Construction of a Fighting Position

Standards: Ensured that the initial preparation was accomplished for each fighting position and that the completed position provided cover, concealment, and fields of fire.

Conditions: Given soldiers, TOE equipment, and a sector of responsibility.

Standards: Ensured that the initial preparation was accomplished for each fighting position and that the completed position provided cover, concealment, and fields of fire.

Performance Steps

1.   Ensure that the construction of the individual fighting position generally follows the sequence below.

2.   Assign the location of the position and the sector of fire. The soldier constructing the position should emplace sector-of-fire stakes.

3.   Ensure the soldiers partially clear fields of fire within their sector and dig a hasty hole for minimum protection, being careful not to destroy natural camouflage around their positions. They should save sod, grass clumps, and so forth, for use as camouflage later.

4.   Ensure the soldiers dig a hole that is armpit deep. If they have a natural frontal parapet, the dirt from the hole should be carried away and camouflaged; if not, it should be used to make a frontal parapet.

5.   Ensure the soldiers get into the firing positions and check their fields of fire. They can now complete a clearing field of fire, clearing only what is absolutely necessary.

6.   Ensure the soldiers camouflage their positions using available materials (such as sod, grass clumps, foliage) blending the positions with the surrounding area. The camouflage should be checked from about 35 meters to the front; if the position can be spotted easily, more camouflage work is needed.

7.   Ensure the soldiers construct overhead cover after all of the above have been accomplished satisfactorily. They should use logs and planks, 4 to 6 inches thick, that will support at least 6 or 8 inches of dirt (logs and dirt should total 12 inches), and dig a cave-like area big enough to get under.

8.   Ensure the soldiers begin to improve their positions upon completion of the overhead cover. Items to check for include grenade sump, drainage trench, elbow holes, night firing stakes, range cards, and camouflage.

Evaluation Preparation:

Setup: At the site, assign each soldier an area of responsibility. Issue any required equipment or supplies needed to construct the fighting position.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to supervise the construction of a fighting position with his soldiers, while being evaluated.

Performance Measures



1.   Assigned sector of fire to each position.



2.   Checked that initial position was completed first.



a. Sector-of-fire stakes were emplaced.



b. Hasty hole for minimum protection was dug.



c. Natural camouflage around position was preserved.



3.   Supervised completion of fighting position.



a. Position was at least armpit deep.



b. Excess dirt from hole was carried away and hidden.



c. Fields of fire were cleared only of minimum foliage.



d. Position was camouflaged so it could not be seen 35 meters to the front.



e. Overhead cover was at least 12 inches (with 4 to 6 inches of logs or planks and 6 to 8 inches of dirt).



f.  Grenade trenches were dug in position.



Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.






FM 5-103



FM 7-8