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031-503-4002 (SL2) - Supervise Unit Preparation for a Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Attack

Standards: Supervised unit preparation for a NBC attack. Prepared and protected materiel from becoming damaged, contaminated, or inoperable and unit personnel from becoming casualties. Standards are not degraded if performed in MOPP 4; however, because of the amount of physical work that must be done in this task, serious performance degradation may result if soldiers are in MOPP gear.

Conditions: You are given commander's guidance, a radio, pioneer tools (ax, shovel, mattock), chemical alarms, chemical agent detector kits, covering materials (plastic sheets, ponchos, or tarpaulins), and soldiers who have their mission-oriented protective posture (MOPP) gear.

Standards: Supervised unit preparation for a NBC attack. Prepared and protected materiel from becoming damaged, contaminated, or inoperable and unit personnel from becoming casualties. Standards are not degraded if performed in MOPP 4; however, because of the amount of physical work that must be done in this task, serious performance degradation may result if soldiers are in MOPP gear.

Performance Steps

1.   Supervise unit preparation for a nuclear attack.

a. Individual protection.

(1)  Ensure that personnel are sheltered in well-constructed fighting positions with overhead cover, bunkers, and/or armored vehicles.

(2)  Ensure that personnel cover all exposed skin (roll sleeves down, button collars). A handkerchief or similar cloth may be worn over the nose and mouth to prevent inhalation of contaminated dust.

b. Position.

(1)  Ensure that the terrain is used effectively to minimize the effects of an attack.

(2)  Ensure that the type of available shelter selected (covered foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.

c. Materiel.

(1)  Ensure that supplies, equipment, and vehicles are dispersed and/or dug in as much as possible. Ensure that explosives, ammunition, and flammables (fuel and oil) have been dispersed and/or dug in. Cover them if possible.

(2)  Ensure that existing cover provides protection and natural shielding for vehicles, supplies, and equipment from a nuclear explosion. Ensure that vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are opposite the prevailing wind direction. Ensure that air conditioners are turned off and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or ponchos).

(3)  Ensure that flammable debris is kept to a minimum. Ensure that small objects are secured to minimize the danger of casualties and damage from flying debris.

(4)  Ensure that all food and water are tightly sealed in containers and secured under available cover.

(5)  Ensure that all electronic equipment and radios are turned off, if not required for use.

(6)  Ensure that power cables, antennas, and unused electronic equipment are disconnected and removed from power mounts.

(7)  Ensure that communications and electronics equipment are placed inside bunkers or armored vehicles to enhance protection against an electromagnetic pulse (EMP).

d. Unit. Ensure that NBC equipment operators prepare the equipment for use.

2.   Supervise unit preparation for a biological attack.

a. Individual protection.

(1)  Coordinate with medical personnel for needed immunizations.

(2)  Ensure soldiers practice good hygiene and field sanitation procedures.

(3)  Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition (well rested, well fed, and healthy).

(4)  Ensure soldiers button clothing and cover exposed skin or wear the appropriate MOPP level.

(5)  Ensure soldiers check protective masks and individual equipment for serviceability.

(6)  Coordinate with supply personnel for needed parts and equipment.

b. Position.

(1)  Ensure the terrain is used effectively to minimize the effects of an attack.

(2)  Ensure the type of available shelter selected (covered foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.

c. Materiel.

(1)  Ensure all food and water are tightly sealed in containers and secured under available cover.

(2)  Ensure unused supplies and equipment are covered to avoid surface contamination from an aerial spray attack.

(3)  Ensure vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are opposite the prevailing wind direction. Ensure air conditioners are turned off and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or ponchos).

3.   Supervise unit preparation for a chemical attack.

a. Individual protection.

(1)  Ensure soldiers are in good physical condition (well rested, well fed, and healthy).

(2)  Ensure soldiers check protective equipment for serviceability and coordinate with supply personnel for replacement parts and equipment.

(3)  Ensure the appropriate MOPP level is assumed.

(4)  Ensure individuals seek available overhead cover or use ponchos, plastic sheets, tarpaulins, and so forth to cover their positions.

(5)  Ensure antidotes and decontaminating kits are serviceable and readily available.

b. Position.

(1)  Ensure the terrain is used effectively to minimize the effects of an attack.

(2)  Ensure the type of available shelter selected (covered foxholes, field-expedient overhead cover, buildings, tents, and armored vehicles) provides the best protection from weapon effects.

c. Materiel.

(1)  Ensure all equipment, supplies, and vehicles are dispersed as much as possible. Ensure that these items are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or ponchos). As a last resort, use dense foliage.

(2)  Ensure vans are parked so their air conditioner intakes are opposite the prevailing wind direction. Ensure that air conditioners are turned off and intakes are covered with nonporous materials (plastic sheets or ponchos).

(3)  Ensure unpackaged food is in sealed containers. Ensure soldiers open food only when they are ready to eat it, keep water in sealed containers, and cover items if possible.

d. Unit. Ensure operators of NBC equipment prepare the equipment for use.

Evaluation Preparation:

Setup: To evaluate this task, choose a site that allows the dispersing and/or digging in of vehicles, supplies, and equipment. You may decide to quiz the soldier on performance measures that are difficult to evaluate otherwise, such as individual preparation for a biological attack.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will be evaluated on his ability to supervise unit preparations for an NBC attack.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Supervised unit preparation for a nuclear attack.

--

--

2.   Supervised unit preparation for a biological attack.

--

--

3.   Supervised unit preparation for a chemical attack.

--

--

Evaluation Guidance: Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM 3-4