dcsimg
This website is not affiliated with the U.S. government or military.

Land Nav Task 1 - Select a Movement Route Using a Map

Standards: Selected a route with the following characteristics: 1. Took advantage of maximum cover and concealment. 2. Ensured observation and field of fire for the overwatch or fire support elements. 3. Allowed positive control of all elements. 4. Accomplished the mission quickly without unnecessary or prolonged exposure to enemy fire.

Conditions: Given an operation or fragmentary order, a 1:50,000 scale military map, and a compass.

Standards: Selected a route with the following characteristics:
1. Took advantage of maximum cover and concealment.
2. Ensured observation and field of fire for the overwatch or fire support elements.
3. Allowed positive control of all elements.
4. Accomplished the mission quickly without unnecessary or prolonged exposure to enemy fire.

 

Performance Steps

1. Select the route that makes the best use of terrain.

a. Your platoon spends more time moving than fighting in combat. Because a moving unit usually contacts the enemy at a time and place of the enemy's choosing, you must use terrain to your best advantage. Proper use of terrain has two advantages:

(1) Cover and concealment to protect the platoon during movement.

(2) Maximum effectiveness of the platoon's weapons.

b. To properly use those advantages, you must understand the military aspects of terrain and be able to apply them to any given situation, whether it be a defense, a delay, or a road march behind the forward edge of the battle area (FEBA).

c.  The primary requirement for any type of movement on the battlefield is cover and concealment.

(1) Cover is any type of shielding from the effects of weapon fire, especially direct fire. You must take advantage of every ravine or depression in the ground to protect and cover your force, especially if you are forward of the FEBA. You must evaluate the terrain, the abilities of the enemy's weapons systems, and the position of known or suspected enemy emplacement. Visualize a cross section of the terrain and determine where the enemy cannot place effective direct fire on your proposed route.

(2) Concealment is anything that hides or disguises your force. You must consider concealment from both air and ground observation. If you are mechanized, exhaust smoke or dust can reveal your unit to the enemy.

d. If you are moving in an area where contact with the enemy is expected, you must ensure that your proposed route can be covered by fire from your overwatch or fire support positions. Those positions must have good observation and fields of fire.

(1)  Direct fire weapons must have good observation to fire known or suspected enemy positions along your movement route. You must have observation to control the maneuver of your elements, if they make contact. Consider the effects of smoke and dust from friendly and enemy fire.

(2)  Select a route that gives your unit the best field of fire. Your machine guns and antitank weapons must have good fields of fire to be effective. They must be in a position to provide suppressive fires immediately. The crew-served weapons to overwatching your movement must be able to observe your route and fire in your support all the way to the objective. The overwatch positions that you select must have unobstructed fields of fire to the next overwatch position.

2.   Select the route that provides the most favorable tactical advantage and meets the mission requirements. If enemy air is active or enemy ground forces are in the area of the route, you must take maximum advantage of cover and concealment. If speed of movement is critical, the route should be over the most easily negotiable terrain, avoiding difficult obstacles. The route should include movement from one easily distinguishable terrain feature to another. When ordered to move, you must check the terrain based on the above considerations and select the quickest and safest route.

3.   Planning a route can be aided by the use of special purpose maps and aerial photographs. If those aids are available, use them to ensure that you have the most current information.

4.   Map reconnaissance, however, is no substitute for ground reconnaissance. If time is available and the tactical situation permits, reconnoiter the route that you have to move over.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  In a field environment, provide the soldier with a 1:50,000-scale military map of the area and a compass, and issue him an oral or written operation order.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to select a route of movement between two given points (marked on the map) where the likelihood of enemy contact is unknown. The soldier must select a route that offers the best cover and concealment, ensure the best observation and fields of fire for support elements, allow positive control of elements, and accomplish the mission without unnecessary or prolonged exposure to enemy fire.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Made a map reconnaissance of the area that must be moved over.

--

--

2.   Selected a route that offered:

--

--

a. Maximum cover.

 

 

b. Maximum concealment.

 

 

c.  Good observation to fire at known or suspected enemy positions along movement route.

 

 

d. Best fields of fire.

 

 

e. Most favorable tactical advantage.

 

 

f.   Positive control of all elements.

 

 

Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier fails any performance measures, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM 7-7

 

 

FM 7-8