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191-377-4256 - Guard Detainees

Standards: Maintain accountability and control of the detainees. Ensure that detainees remain silent and segregated. Protect detainees from abuse and harm. Follow the ROE/RUF during escape attempts. Correct and report inappropriate treatment and detainee noncompliance to your supervisor.

Conditions: Given your individual equipment, assigned weapon, an interpreter (when available), the rules of engagement (ROE) or rules for the use of force (RUF), cloth.

Standards: Maintain accountability and control of the detainees. Ensure that detainees remain silent and segregated. Protect detainees from abuse and harm. Follow the ROE/RUF during escape attempts. Correct and report inappropriate treatment and detainee noncompliance to your supervisor.

Performance Steps:

Note: Always maintain positive control and accountability of the detainees.

1. Ensure that your weapons are functional, loaded, and prepared for use, if needed.

2. Position yourself and stay alert. Note: If a detainee has not already been searched and restrained, notify your supervisor.

a. Remain close enough to maintain positive control, but far enough away to allow defensive reaction time.

b. Face the detainees, observe everything in their line of sight, and report all incidents the supervisor.

c. Ensure that you understand mutually-supported sectors of fire, communications, and battle drills when positioned with others. If you do not, ask your supervisor for clarification.

d. Observe and report detainee behavior. For example-

(1) Detainee speaks fluent English during a medical exam, but feigns no knowledge of English whatsoever during interrogation.

(2) Detainee demonstrates leadership by providing instructions to other detainees.

Note: This passive intelligence collection is critical during law enforcement, medical, and intelligence processing.

3. Ensure that detainees remain silent.

a. Do not speak to detainees unless providing orders and/or instructions. Use an interpreter if available. Answer necessary questions, but do not answer personal questions or questions that may compromise or hinder the mission.

b. Attempt to stop unauthorized communication with other detainees using language (an interpreter) and/or and signals if a detainee attempts it.

c. Report the individual to your supervisor if he continues and segregate or muffle him as appropriate according to unit SOPs and your supervisor's instructions.

(1) Muffle the detainee using a soft, clean cloth stretched across the mouth and around the back of the head.

(2) Do not place items in his mouth, hood him, or use tape or other adhesives.

(3) Do not harm the detainee or affect his ability to breathe.

(4) Check the detainee periodically to ensure that he is not harmed.

(5) Muffle the detainee only for as long as needed.

4. Ensure that detainees remain segregated. If a detainee attempts to move out of a designated area or advances on a guard-

a. Attempt to use language (an interpreter) or hand signals to stop the behavior. b. React according to published ROE/RUF and notify your supervisor if the detainee continues.

5. Safeguard the detainees.

a. Correct, report, and document incidents of inhumane treatment, abuse, or inappropriate conditions.

Note: Acts and or omissions that constitute inhumane treatment are violations of the law of armed conflict, and as such must be corrected immediately. Simply reporting violations is insufficient. If a violation is ongoing, every Soldier has an obligation to stop the violation as well as report it.

b. Document allegations of abuse and other incidents in DA Form 1594 by providing information to your supervisor.

c. Protect detainees from combat hazards and conflict with each other. Protect detainees from the civilian populace, public curiosity, improper treatment or care, and any emergency situation according to unit SOPs.

d. Protect women and children from any form of sexual abuse or harassment.

e. Do not videotape or photograph detainees except for administrative purposes (for example, documenting in personnel, intelligence, investigative, or medical files).

6. Respond to escape attempts.

a. React to an escape according to rehearsed battle drills and SOPs.

(1) Allow the Soldiers and/or guards closest to the escapee to recover the detainee.

(2) Remain focused on the detainees if you are not involved in the recovery of the escape.

CAUTION Remaining detainees will attempt to exploit an escape, as they will any disruption.

b. Adhere to local ROE/RUF.

c. Maintain situational awareness.

d. Apply the minimum level of force to regain control of detainees. Do not fire on detainees still contained within the wire.

e. Segregate those who attempt escape to prevent reoccurrence and their ability to influence other detainees.

f. Assess escapes thoroughly to prevent future occurrences.

g. Follow the ROE/rules for the use of force (normally the following). Use an interpreter, if available.

(1) Order detainee to halt in his native language, when possible. Repeat the order twice (for a total of three "Halt" commands) if the detainee does not stop after the first order.

(2) If detainee stops by the third order:

(a) Allow Soldiers closest to the escapee to recover the detainee.

(b) Maintain security.

(3) If the detainee does not stop:

(a) Use minimum force necessary to prevent escape or recapture an escapee. Use of individual weapon is a last resort.

(b) Allow Soldiers closest to the escapee to recover the escapee and maintain security.

CAUTION If a detainee is shot or wounded ensure that proper medical attention is provided.

Evaluation Preparation: Provide the Soldier with three or more personnel to act as detainees.

Performance Measures GO NOGO
1.  Ensured that your weapon was functional, loaded, and prepared. ____ ____
2.  Positioned yourself and stayed alert. ____ ____
3.  Ensured that detainees remained silent. ____ ____
4.  Ensured that detainees remained segregated. ____ ____
5.  Safeguarded the detainees. ____ ____
6.  Responded to escape attempts. ____ ____
     

Evaluation Guidance: Score the Soldier GO if all measures are passed (P). Score the Soldier a NO-GO if any measure is failed (F). If the Soldier fails any measure, show him how to do it correctly.

 

Required References Related References
 
  • FM 3-19.40

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