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191-377-4254 - Search a Detainee

Standards: Search and restrain the detainee sequentially according to the performance step s, locate and confiscate all weapons, contraband and items of intelligence value, and prepare DD Form 2745 and DA Form 4137 without error.

Conditions: Given your individual equipment, assigned weapon, detainee, disposable restraints, a guard, an interpreter (if available), DA Form 4002 (Evidence/Property Tag), DA Form 4137 (Evidence/Property Custody Document), Department of Defense (DD) Form 2745 (Enemy Prisoner of War [EPW] Capture Tag), and materials to mark and bundle evidence and property.

Standards: Search and restrain the detainee sequentially according to the performance step s, locate and confiscate all weapons, contraband and items of intelligence value, and prepare DD Form 2745 and DA Form 4137 without error.

1. Position the detainee.

Caution Stay out of the reach of the detainee.

a. Direct the detainee to stand and face you.

Note: If an interpreter is not available, you may have to demonstrate the desired movement to the detainee to overcome a language barrier.

b. Direct him to raise his arms above his head, to lock his elbows, and to spread his fingers, palms facing you.

c. Visually check the detainee's hands for weapons or contraband.

d. Order the detainee to turn around and drop to his knees.

e. Search the back of the detainee's hands for weapons or contraband.

f. Direct the detainee to lie on his stomach, extend his arms straight out to the sides with the palms up, and place his forehead on the ground.

g. Tell the detainee to spread his legs as far apart as possible, turn his feet outward, and keep his heels in contact with the ground.

h. Ensure that the guard remains in front of and at an oblique angle to the detainee (opposite the side being searched).

2. Restrain the detainee.

Note: The situation may also dictate using of a blindfold, ear plugs, or a muffle (an item to prevent speech or outcry without causing injury, such as cloth) as deemed appropriate or directed by your supervisor.

a. Approach the front of the detainee at about a 45-degree angle from the side opposite of the guard and focus the search on the side of the detainee closest to you.

b. Squat and put the knee that is nearest the detainee on the detainee's lower back.

Note: This is done to ensure control, not to inflict pain or discomfort.

c. Direct the detainee to put the arm that is nearest the searcher behind the detainee's back with the palm facing up.

d. Maintain positive control of that arm.

e. Grasp the detainee's other hand in a handshake hold, pull it across the top of the hand already under control, apply disposable restraints, and tighten them

Caution: The disposable restraints should be tight enough to secure the detainee's hands, but loose enough to allow one finger between the disposable restraints and the detainee's wrist to ensure that the disposable restraints do not restrict the detainee's circulation.

3. Search the detainee.

Note: The body search is the prone frisk search. It is used to quickly detect contraband or weapons that could be used to cause injury or death.

a. Use the bending and crushing technique, remove items as items are discovered, and set them aside.

Note: Conduct same-gender searches when possible. If mixed-gender searches are necessary for speed and security, conduct them in a respectful manner and in the presence of an additional witness to address false claims of misconduct. Further, consider your location at the time of the search and try to use any cover or protective barrier when possible.

(1) Bend the seams to determine if razor blades or similar devices are hidden.

(2) Grasp loose clothing, pull it away from the skin, and squeeze it to detect objects hidden under or within clothing.

(3) Cover each area by repeating the crushing technique until you are sure there are no hidden objects.

b. If you find a weapon at any point during the search, loudly announce the weapon found so that the guard and interpreter can clearly hear (for example, gun, knife, or razor).

(1) Alert the guard.

(2) Remain in firm contact with the detainee as you remove the weapon from its hiding place.

(3) Stand up with the weapon, being careful not to walk between the guard and the detainee, and place the weapon a safe distance away within the view of the guard.

(4) Return to the detainee and continue searching.

c. Hold the disposable restraints between detainee's hands and lift the his arms slightly. Search the area in the small of the back.

d. Release the disposable restraints and stand.

e. Move to the area of the detainee's waist and face the detainee's head, squat (but do not rest your knee on the ground or on the detainee), and pivot (if required) to conduct the rest of search.

f. Remove the detainee's headgear (if not already removed).

(1) Bend the seams, before crushing, to determine if razor blades or similar devices are hidden.

(2) Place the headgear on the floor or ground.

g. Search the detainee's head and hair.

h. Search the detainee from fingers to shoulders.

(1) Search the collar and neck area (pull dog tags or necklace to the detainee's back).

(2) Remove anything that could be used as a weapon.

i. Search the detainee's back from shoulder to waist on the side nearest the searcher.

(1) Grasp the inside of the detainee's closest elbow.

(2) Pull the detainee upward onto his or her side just high enough to search the front (shoulder to waist) without placing the detainee completely on his or her side.

Note: When searching a female detainee at chest level, the searcher searches down the middle of the bra; around the breast, below the bra, and along the connecting point on the bra and the back, if the clasp is not there, for contraband.

j. Switch hands while controlling the detainee's elbow without changing position.

k. Search the detainee from waist to knee, including the crotch. It is critical that you not be timid while searching the detainee's crotch area. Experience has proven that this is a prime location for hiding weapons and contraband. Check it thoroughly.

Note: It is critical that you not be timid while searching the detainee's crotch area. Experience has proven that this is a prime location for hiding weapons and contraband. Check it thoroughly.

l. Return the detainee to the face down position, release the elbow and remind him to keep his feet spread and his heels on the ground.

m. Direct the detainee to raise his leg by bending his knee. n. Grasp the detainee's foot and search from his knee up to his foot. check the footwear edges and soles.

(1) Check the top of the footwear by inserting a finger in the top edge and feeling for weapons.

(2) Check the footwear edges and soles.

o. Direct the detainee to put his foot back down.

p. Stand and move to the detainee's unsearched side. Move around the detainee's head, but do not walk between the detainee and guard.

q. Ensure that the guard rotates to the other side of the detainee (the side opposite the side to be searched) while maintaining a 45 degree angle from the detainee's head.

r. Squat beside the detainee with your body facing the same direction as the detainee's head and search the other side in the same manner as the first.

CAUTION When preparing to turn the detainee over, he may attempt to spit or bite at the searcher. Anticipate this and move as appropriate to avoid such an act.

Note: The search is now complete and you have confiscated all material found on the detainee.

s. Assist the detainee to stand.

(1) Turn detainee onto his side facing away from you.

(2) Direct the detainee to bring his knees to his chest.

(3) Grasp his arms at the shoulder area and assist him to his knees.

(4) Pull back on his arms to help him rise to his feet.

(5) Ensure that the guard remains focused on the detainee and gathers information as to the detainee's demeanor.

Note: The DD Form 2745 and DA Form 4137 should be completed at the point of capture. However, when you are in imminent danger, these two steps can be completed once you and the detainee are in a safe location.

4. Complete a DD Form 2745.

Note: The DD Form 2745 is a perforated three-part form that is individually serial-numbered. If you run out of DD Forms 2745, use a field-expedient method to tag.

a. Ensure that the following minimum information is recorded:

(1) Date and time of capture.

(2) Name (if known).

Note: Use the DD Form 2745 number as the detainee's name to account for those that are unable or unwilling to provide this information (for example, those who are sick or injured and/or those who do not speak English if an interpreters is not available).

(3) Location of capture (grid coordinates).

(4) Capturing unit.

(5) Circumstances of capture, (for example how was he captured, did he resistance, and did he surrender). Record the following minimum information:

Note: Due to the limited space on the DD Form 2745, you may need or be required to document the circumstances of capture on a separate sheet of paper or another form, such as the DA Form 2823.

(a) Circumstances of capture.

Note: Circumstances of capture are essential to determining individual detainee status, making subsequent decisions to release or detain, and collecting and documenting items of intelligence and evidentiary value for custody transfer decisions or future judicial proceedings.

(b) Various groups, locations, and activities from which the individual detained was operating.

(c) Physical condition of detainee.

(d) The weapons the detainee had, if applicable.

b. Tag the detainee and his equipment. (If you are using a field-expedient method, ensure you make 3 copies to represent parts A, B, and C of the form.) Distribute tag as follows:

(1) Ensure that part A is attached to the detainee.

(2) Retain part B for yourself and/or the unit.

(3) Ensure that part C is attached to confiscated property (an individual item or attached to a bag or bundle.

5. Document property/evidence.

a. Mark all confiscated items with the detainee's DD Form 2745 number using one of the following methods if time permits and materials are available:

(1) Place the DD Form 2745 number in the "MPR/CIR Sequence Number" field of DA Form 4002 and annotate the item number from the DA Form 4137 and a short description in the remarks block.

Note: This is the preferred method for large items because it does not damage them.

(2) Place in a resealable bag and mark the outside of the bag with a permanent marker.

Note: This is the preferred method for small items.

(3) Write the number directly on the property with a permanent marker.

(4) Etch the number in using a sharp object.

Note: Give careful consideration to how and where identification marks are placed on items. Unnecessary damage or destruction of items of personal property or valuable items that may ultimately be returned to the detainee or suspect is unwarranted. To avoid defacing or damaging items, identification markings should be as inconspicuous as possible. Otherwise, place the item in a container that can be sealed and marked.

b. Prepare DA Form 4137.

(1) Annotate the DD Form 2745 number in the "MPR/CID sequence number" block.

(2) Insert the name of your unit in the "Receiving Activity" block.

(3) Place an accurate description of the location your organization is currently based in the "location" block (for example, the installation, state, and zip code or the deployed base camp and/or operating base).

(4) Enter the "name, grade, and title (if known) of person who owned or possessed the confiscated items in the block labeled, "Name, Grade, and Title of Person from Whom Received."

(5) Check the "Owner" box if the person or detainee owns the property that you confiscated during the search with their first name, middle initial, last name, rank, and title.

(6) Check the "Other" box if ownership is unknown. For example, a weapon is discovered by another individual or turned in by another unit at the point of capture.

(7) Enter "N/A" if the property does not come from a specific person (for example, the item is found at a certain location or is collected during a search).

c. Enter the address of the person from whom you received the items in the "Address" block, if known. If it did not come from a person (if it came from a crime scene or point of capture), enter "N/A."

d. Fill in the "location from where obtained" block. If evidence and/or property was obtained from:

(1) A person. Enter "person of" and then enter their grade and last name and the location where the evidence and/or property was collected. Describe where the item was found on the person (for example, removed from left front pant pocket).

(2) A location. Annotate the exact location if the property was found in the area that the detainee was captured; for example, a description might read, "two-story house next to Exxon station on MSR Tampa IVO Baghdad."

e. Enter the reason for confiscation in the "reason obtained" block (for example, confiscated during search of the detainee).

f. Record the date-time group of confiscation or item discovery (1400 hrs/15 Apr 05). Indicate the time span when they were collected (1400 hrs-1500 hrs/15 Apr 05) if several items were confiscated. Note the first time when the first item was taken and note the last time when the last item was confiscated.

g. Enter Item Number. List items consecutively.

h. List the quantity of each item in the "quantity" column. (Like items may be listed as a group. For example, 20 pills found in a container may be entered as one entry.)

i. Describe each item in the "Description of Articles" block. Describe each item by what can be observed. Use plain bond paper to record the continuation if necessary.

(1) Specify where and how you marked the items for identification (for example, "Marked for ID, 0090829 on barrel").

(2) List the color, size, and shape.

Note: Never list or estimate the value of articles or describe the type of metal or stone in items. For example, describe an item that looks like gold as gold-colored metal.

(3) List serial numbers or identifying marks if available.

(4) Place continuous slashes (///) from the left border of the block to the right border of the block to indicate the end of the list.

j. Complete the "Chain of Custody" portion of the form to transfer items from the owner or individual from which the item is obtained to the person receiving custody of the items.

(1) Write "1 through 3" in the "Item Number" column if three items are listed in the "Description of Articles" block. The "Chain of Custody" portion of the form is also used to transfer items from one person to another. If only certain items are released, list only those items (for example, "Item 1 and 3")

(2) Enter date of custody transfer in the "Date" block.

(3) Fill in the "released by" column as follows:

(a) Enter the full name in the "Name, Grade, or Title" block if the property is confiscated from an individual. Have the person sign in the "Signature" block. Enter the words "Refused to Sign" or "Unable to Sign" in the Signature block if the person refuses or is unable to. There is no legal requirement for the form to be witnessed if the individual refuses to sign.

(b) Enter "N/A" in the signature block if the property does not come from a specific person (for example, if it is obtained from the capture scene.

(4) Fill in the "Received By" column (for example, enter the name, grade, or title of the person taking custody).

(5) Enter the reason for the custody transfer in the "Purpose of Change of Custody" column (for example, "Confiscated from Detainee," "Detainee Transferred to Holding Area," or "Detainee transferred to local authorities.").

k. Bundle all property (if necessary) and place it in a secure location away from the search area when the search is completed and you have confiscated all the material found on the detainee (allow ldetainee to keep their he met, clothing and any NBC protective equipment once they have been searched thoroughly).

Note: Any material or method may be used to bundle property, as long as it is secure, will protect the property, and can be marked in such a way that it can be tracked with the detainees DD Form 2745 number.

Evaluation Preparation: Provide the Soldier with role players as a guard and detainee. Provide the detainee role player with props (a knife, handgun, and/or intelligence papers) to hide on his person.


Performance Measures GO NOGO

1.  Positioned the detainee.

____ ____
2.  Restrained the detainee. ____ ____
3.  Searched the detainee. ____ ____

4.  Completed DD Form 2745.

____ ____

5.  Documented property/evidence.

____ ____

Evaluation Guidance: Score the Soldier GO if all measures are passed (P). Score the Soldier NO-GO if any measure is failed (F). If the Soldier fails any measure, show him how to do it correctly.

References Required References Related
  • DA FORM 4002

  • DA FORM 4137

  • DD FORM 2745