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071-730-0014 (SL1) - Identify Combat Vehicles

Standards: Identified combat vehicles by actual nomenclature.

Conditions: Given combat vehicles.

Standards: Identified combat vehicles by actual nomenclature.

Performance Steps

1.   Observe vehicle.

2.   Observe vehicle characteristics.

3.   Compare observed vehicle characteristics with known vehicle attributes. Four areas of characteristics are used to identify vehicles. Most armored vehicles have all four areas of characteristics, though not all vehicles do.

a. Track and suspension system:  Many tanks can be recognized by their track and suspension systems. However, recognizing a vehicle by this feature alone is often difficult. Grass, dirt, terrain, dust or other factors often obscure the tracks. To identify the track and suspension system, check to see whether it has support or return rollers. Few threat vehicles, except the T-10, T-64, T-72, BMD, BMP, SP-122, and SP-152, have either.

(1)  Characteristics of most Warsaw Pact vehicles include a flat (Christie) suspension system, without support or return rollers, without torsion bars, and unevenly spaced road wheels.

(2)  Characteristics of most NATO vehicles include a suspended track, support or return rollers, torsion bars, shock absorbers, and evenly spaced road wheels.

b. Turret:  Most turrets can be grouped into three categories:

(1)  Big, bulky turrets - older models.

(2)  Well sloped turrets - newer models.

(3)  Streamlined turrets - newer models.

c. Main gun:  Armament varies from machine guns to large cannons. In turreted vehicles, normally the heaviest armament is in the turret. Look for the main gun, the main gun bore evacuator, and its relative location on the main gun.

(1)  Types of main guns:

(a)   Smooth main gun, without bore evacuator or blast deflector.

(b)   Main gun with bore evacuator.

(c)   Main gun with bore evacuator and muzzle brake or blast deflector.

(2)  Types of muzzles:

(a)   Single baffle.

(b)   Double baffle.

(c)   Multi-baffle.

d. Cupolas:  The cupola is a small, turret-like projection normally on top of the turret. It is used by the vehicle commander and usually mounts a machine gun.

4.   Eliminate any vehicle that does not possess an observed characteristic attribute.

5.   Record actual vehicle.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: At the test site, provide the soldier(s) with all equipment and materials needed for testing. Before evaluating the soldier(s), check the computer/GTA media being used to ensure that it is operational. If using the ROC-V (Recognition of Combat Vehicles, a multimedia CD-ROM and Web-Based software package that teaches thermal and visual vehicle recognition), check the website https://rocv.army.mil to ensure the most current version is accessed. Request access to download the ROC-V program from the webmaster at mxregistrar@redstone.army.mil . Check to ensure software has been loaded and set at the ready mode.

Brief Soldier:  Read the following instructions to the soldier(s):

"At this time, you will be evaluated on your ability to identify combat vehicles.  You must identify 28 of 40 vehicles by actual nomenclature." 

Performance Measures



1.   Observed vehicle.



2.   Observed vehicle characteristics.



3.   Compared observed vehicle characteristics with known vehicle attributes.



4.   Eliminated any vehicle that did not possess an observed characteristic attribute.



5.   Recorded vehicle.



Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier an overall GO if 28 combat vehicles out of 40 were correctly identified.  Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.







FM 3-23.24



FM 3-90.1



GTA 17-02-011



GTA 17-02-013