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071-313-3454 (SL1) - Engage Targets with a Caliber .50 M2 Machine Gun

Standards: Fired the caliber .50 machine gun to engage targets in your assigned sector of fire. Applied the correct target-engagement techniques so the entire target was covered with fire.

Conditions: Given a zeroed caliber .50 machine gun (tripod or cupola mounted), linked caliber .50 ammunition, and a sector of fire with engageable targets.

Standards: Fired the caliber .50 machine gun to engage targets in your assigned sector of fire. Applied the correct target-engagement techniques so the entire target was covered with fire.

Performance Steps

1.   Assume a suitable firing position.  Based on your situation, assume a firing position that will allow you to observe and engage targets, but reduce your exposure to enemy fire.

a. Prone position (figure 071-313-3454-1).


Figure 071-313-3454-1. Prone position (tripod mount)

 

b. Sitting position (figure 071-313-3454-2).


Figure 071-313-3454-2. Sitting position (tripod mount)

 

c. Standing position (figure 071-313-3454-3).


Figure 071-313-3454-3. Standing position (tripod mount)

d. Standing position for cupola-mounted gun (figure 071-313-3454-4).


Figure 071-313-3454-4. Standing position (cupola mount)

 

e. Standing position for high-mobility, multipurpose wheeled vehicle (HMMWV)-mounted gun (figure 071-313-3454-5).


Figure 071-313-3454-5. Standing position (HMMWV mount)

 

2.   Obtain the correct sight picture.

a. Sight alignment.  Center the front sight post in the peep sight (figure 071-313-3454-6).


Figure 071-313-3454-6. Correct sight alignment

 

b. Sight picture.  Place top center of front sight blade at bottom center of intended target (figure 071-313-3454-7).


Figure 071-313-3454-7. Correct sight picture

 

3.   Apply the correct engagement technique based on target type (figure 071-313-3454-8).


Figure 071-313-3454-8. Techniques of fire with respect to the gun

 

a. Use the correct gun manipulation technique.

(1)  Fixed fire.  Refers to fire delivered against a point target.  Only one aiming point is necessary, with little or no manipulation of the gun.

(2)  Traversing fire.  Refers to fire distributed against a wide target, requiring successive changes in the gun direction.  To distribute fire laterally, use the T&E mechanism to traverse the gun left or right.

(3)  Searching fire.  Refers to fire delivered against a deep target or a linear target with depth by successively changing elevation.  To distribute fire in depth, use the T&E mechanism to move the muzzle of the weapon up or down.

(4)  Traversing and searching fire.  Refers to fire delivered in width and depth by successive changes in direction and elevation.  Use this type of fire against a target whose long axis is oblique to the direction of fire.

(5)  Swinging traverse.  Refers to fire delivered against targets that require major changes in direction but little or no change in elevation.  Loosen the traversing slide lock enough to swing the gun laterally.

(6)  Free gun.  Refers to fire delivered against moving targets that must be rapidly engaged with fast changes in direction and elevation.  To fire free gun, remove the T&E mechanism.

b. Correctly apply fire to engage specific targets.

(1)  Point target.  Engage point targets with fixed fire using a single aiming point (figure 071-313-3454-9).


Figure 071-313-3454-9. Point target

 

(2)  Linear target.  Initially aim at the midpoint of the target.  Traverse fire to one flank and then to the other to cover the entire target (figure 071-313-3454-10).


Figure 071-313-3454-10. Linear target and one gun

 

(3)  Linear target with depth.  Initially aim at the midpoint of the target, unless another portion of the target is more critical or presents a greater threat.  Traverse and search to the flank closest to your position, then back to the other flank, so you cover the entire target (figure 071-313-3454-11).


Figure 071-313-3454-11. Linear target with depth

 

(4)  Deep target.  Initially aim at the midpoint of the target, unless another portion of the target is more critical or presents a greater threat.  Search down to the near end, then search up to the far end (figure 071-313-3454-12).


Figure 071-313-3454-12. Deep target

 

(5)  Area target.  Initially aim at midpoint of the target area.  Traverse and search to either flank, then traverse and search to the opposite flank (figure 071-313-3454-13).


Figure 071-313-3454-13. Engagement of area targets

 

4.   Observe fire and adjust the aiming point to place effective fire on the target.

a. Observation of fire.  Observe bursts of fire by noting tracers in flight or the strike of the rounds in the target area.

b. Adjusted aiming point.  Adjust fire quickly without adjusting the sight.  If the initial burst misses the target, rapidly select a new aiming point the same distance from the center of impact of the initial burst but in the opposite direction.  Fire a second burst (figure 071-313-3454-14).


Figure 071-313-3454-14. Adjusted aiming point method

 

5.   Fire on the targets until they are all destroyed, or until you receive an order to cease fire.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: Evaluate this task on a 10-meter live-fire range equipped with the basic machine gun target pasters (FSN 6920-078-5128).  Provide the soldier with a caliber .50 M2 machine gun (tripod mounted) with 236 rounds of linked caliber .50 ammunition (117 rounds for practice and 119 rounds for qualification).  Conduct 10-meter firing according to FM 23-65, appendix C, table I.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier he will fire table I according to FM 23-65, appendix C (brief the conditions, standards, and ammunition).  Tell the soldier that, when you instruct him to fire, you will evaluate his ability to apply correct target engagement techniques and to place effective fire on targets.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed a suitable firing position.

--

--

2.   Applied correct engagement technique based on target type.

--

--

a. Used correct gun manipulation technique.

 

 

b. Used correct application of fire to engage specific targets.

 

 

3.   Placed effective fire on targets (score a minimum of 84 points).

--

--

Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM 23-65

 

 

TM 9-1005-213-10