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071-312-3031 (SL1) - Engage Targets with an M60 Machine Gun

Standards: Fired the M60 machine gun to engage targets in your assigned sector of fire. Applied correct M60 machine gun target engagement techniques so each target was hit.

Conditions: Given a zeroed M60 machine gun with a bipod and linked 7.62‑mm ammunition. You have engageable targets in your assigned sector of fire.

Standards: Fired the M60 machine gun to engage targets in your assigned sector of fire. Applied correct M60 machine gun target engagement techniques so each target was hit.

Performance Steps

1.   Assume a stable, prone firing position.

2.   Align the sights on the target to get a correct sight picture.

a. Obtain sight alignment by centering the front sight blade in the aperture of the rear sight with the top of the front sight blade even with the top of the rear sight slide (figure 071-312-3031-1).


Figure 071-312-3031-1. Sight alignment

 

b. Obtain a sight picture by centering the target over the front sight blade so it appears to rest on top of the front sight blade and on top of the rear sight slide (figure 071-312-3031-2).


Figure 071-312-3031-2. Sight picture

3.   Fire the M60 machine gun.

a. Pull the trigger straight to the rear.

b. Say to yourself  "Fire a burst of six."

c. Release the trigger.

Note. This aids in controlling the number of rounds in each burst and prevents excessive wear on sear and sear notch.

Note. If you miss the target with your initial burst, you must select a new aiming point the same distance from the target as the center of impact of the initial burst but in the opposite direction, and fire a second burst.

4.   Adjust fire using the adjusted aiming point method (figure 071-312-3031-3).


Figure 071-312-3031-3. Adjusted aiming point method

 

a. Observe the impact of rounds in the target area by watching the flight of tracer rounds or the strike of rounds in the target area.

b. Change your body position.

Note. Traverse means to move the muzzle of the weapon to the left or right to distribute fire laterally.

c. Traverse the target area with a bipod mounted M60 machine gun by selecting successive aiming points (figure 071-312-3031-4).


Fi
gure 071-312-3031-4. Traversing and searching

 

(1)  Shift your shoulders slightly to the right or left for minor changes in direction.

(2)  Move your elbows and align the body to remain directly behind the gun for major changes.

Note. "Search" means to move the muzzle of the weapon up or down to distribute fire in depth across the target area.

d. Search the target area by selecting successive aiming points, changing elevation by moving your elbows closer together or farther apart (figure 071-312-3031-4).

5.   Engage an area target using six- to nine-round bursts.

a. Determine the width and depth of the target.

b. Fire six- to nine-round bursts until you hit the center mass of the target area (figure 071-312-3031-5).



F
igure 071-312-3031-5. Center of mass

 

c. Adjust fire by traversing and searching to cover all the target area.

6.   Engage a point target using six- to nine-round bursts (figure 071-312-3031-6).


Figure 071-312-3031-6. Point target engagement

 

a. Select a distinct aiming point.

b. Estimate range.

c. Fire six- to nine-round bursts to obtain accurate range and deflection.

d. Place effective fire on the target by observing the rounds as they impact in the target area. Make necessary adjustments to hit the target.

7.   Engage a moving target using six- to nine-round bursts (figure 071-312-3031-7).


Figure 071-312-3031-7. Moving target engagement

 

a. Estimate the speed of the target and the lead required to fire and hit it.

b. Fire, tracking the target as it moves.

c. Adjust the lead by observing tracers and the strike of the bullets.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: Evaluate this task on a live-fire range. Evaluate the soldier on his ability to fire on the center of mass of a target, adjusting his aim by traversing and searching the weapon. Provide the soldier with point targets, area targets, and moving targets. If the soldier hits the target with the first burst, provide the soldier with directions so he demonstrates to you that he can adjust fire. If moving targets are not available, provide the soldier with a scenario in which he must describe the proper technique to use.

Brief Soldier: Tell the soldier to assume the prone position. Assign the soldier a sector and direct the soldier to engage area, point, and moving targets and to hit the center of mass of each target. Tell the soldier you are evaluating his ability to adjust fire as much as his ability to hit the target. If a moving target is not available, tell the soldier to simulate firing on a moving target while describing for you the actions required.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed a stable, prone firing position.

--

--

2.   Aligned the sights on the target to get a correct sight picture.

--

--

a. Obtained sight alignment by centering the front sight blade in the aperture of the rear sight with the top of the front sight blade even with the top of the rear sight slide.

 

 

b. Obtained a sight picture by centering the target over the front sight blade so it appears to rest on top of the front sight blade and on top of the rear sight slide.

 

 

3.   Fired the M60.

--

--

a. Pulled the trigger straight to the rear.

 

 

b. Said to yourself "Fire a burst of six."

 

 

c. Released the trigger.

 

 

4.   Adjusted fire using the adjusted aiming point method.

--

--

a. Made a minor change in direction.

 

 

b. Made a major change in direction.

 

 

c. Widened the impact area by traversing.

 

 

d. Raised the impact point by searching.

 

 

5.   Engaged an area target using six- to nine-round bursts.

--

--

a. Determined the width and depth of the target.

 

 

b. Fired six- to nine-round bursts until you hit the center mass of the target area.

 

 

c. Adjusted fire by traversing and searching to cover all of the target area.

 

 

6.   Engaged a point target using six- to nine-round bursts.

--

--

a. Selected a distinct aiming point.

 

 

b. Estimated range.

 

 

c. Fired six- to nine-round bursts to obtain accurate range and deflection.

 

 

d. Placed effective fire on the target by observing the rounds as they impacted in the target area. Made necessary adjustments to hit the target.

 

 

7.   Engaged a moving target using six- to nine-round bursts.

--

--

a. Estimated the speed of the target and the lead required to fire and hit it.

 

 

b. Fired, tracking the target as it moved.

 

 

c. Adjusted the lead by observing tracers and the strike of the bullets.

 

 

Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM 3-22.68