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071-100-0003 (SL1) - Engage Targets with an M4 or M4A1 Carbine

Standards: Detected and determined range to targets. Fired the M4 or M4A1 carbine to engage targets in assigned sector of fire. Applied correct marksmanship fundamentals and target engagement techniques so each target was hit or suppressed.

Conditions: Given an M4 or M4A1 carbine, magazines, ammunition, individual combat equipment, and stationary or moving targets (personnel or equipment) at engageable ranges.

Standards: Detected and determined range to targets. Fired the M4 or M4A1 carbine to engage targets in assigned sector of fire. Applied correct marksmanship fundamentals and target engagement techniques so each target was hit or suppressed.

Performance Steps

1.   Assume an appropriate firing position based on the situation. The firing position should protect you from enemy fire and observation, yet allow you to place effective fire on targets in your sector of fire.

a. Foxhole. Advantages: best when available. Disadvantages: no overhead cover.

b. Prone. Advantages: steady, easy to assume, low silhouette, and easily adapted to use of cover and support. Disadvantages: effectiveness can be limited by terrain and vegetation irregularities.

c. Prone supported. Advantages: steadier than prone, other advantages the same as prone. Disadvantages: same as prone.

d. Kneeling. Advantages: used when firing from behind something; used on ground that is level or gently sloping upward. Disadvantage: exposed to small arms fire.

e. Kneeling supported. Advantages: steadier than kneeling; other advantages the same as kneeling. Disadvantages: exposed to small arms fire.

f.  Standing. Advantages: used in assault to surprise targets or when other positions are not appropriate. Disadvantages: exposed to small arms fire.

2.   Identify targets in your designated sector of fire.

3.   Determine range to a target.

a. Your M4 or MA1 carbine sights can be used to estimate range to targets(s). Viewed through the front sight, a man-sized target appears:

(1)  Twice the width as the front sight post at about 90 meters.

(2)  The same width as the front sight post at about 175 meters.

(3)  Half the width of the front sight post at about 350 meters.

4.   Load and fire on targets using appropriate engagement techniques.

a. Load the weapon.

b. Use the appropriate aiming technique.

(1)  Engage a stationary target using reference points or sighting points.

(2)  Engage a target moving toward you as you would a stationary target.

(3)  Engage a target moving laterally, using the single lead technique, by placing the trailing edge of the front sight post at the center of the target. This method causes the lead to increase automatically as the range increases.

(4)  Engage multiple targets by first firing at the one presenting the greatest danger (usually the closest) and then rapidly proceeding to next target.

c. Use the quick-fire technique when there is no time to properly aim. Use this technique on targets within 30 meters of your location. (This technique is most effective in urban terrain or heavy bush.)

(1)  Use the standing position.

(2)  Use the raised stockwell. Look two or three inches above the sights, on a plane that is level with the barrel.

(3)  Look at the target, NOT at the sights.

d. Fire on the targets until they are destroyed or until you receive an order to cease fire.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: On a live-fire range, provide sufficient quantities of equipment and ammunition to support the number of soldiers tested. Have each soldier use his own rifle and magazine.

Brief Soldier: Tell soldier he is to detect and engage targets in his sector and, when asked, state the range to the target.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed an appropriate firing position based on the situation.

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2.   Identified targets in your designated sector of fire.

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3.   Determined the range to a target.

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4.   Loaded and fired on targets using appropriate engagement techniques.

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Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM 21-75

 

 

FM 23-9

 

 

TM 9-1005-319-10