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071-025-0007 (SL1) - Engage Targets with an M240B Machine Gun

Standards: Fired the M240B machine gun to engage targets in the assigned sector of fire. Used correct M240B machine gun target engagement techniques so you hit each target.

Conditions: Given an M240B machine gun, linked 7.62-mm ammunition, engageable targets in your assigned sector of fire, and a requirement to engage those targets.

Standards: Fired the M240B machine gun to engage targets in the assigned sector of fire. Used correct M240B machine gun target engagement techniques so you hit each target.

 

Performance Steps

1.   Assume a suitable firing position. Based on the situation, assume the position that allows you to observe and engage targets yet minimize your exposure to enemy fire.

a. Tripod firing. A number of firing positions can be used based on situation (prone, sitting, or kneeling; or standing if firing from prepared position).

b. Bipod firing. Prone supported position and bipod-supported fighting position are the best for delivering effective fire on targets. Assume these positions when possible.

(1)  Shoulder firing position. Use this position to engage specific targets during movement when you can assume no other position or the situation dictates its use, such as the final stages of an assault.

(2)  Underarm firing position. Use this position when closing with the enemy, when a heavy volume of fire in the target area is required, and when rapid movement is necessary.

(3)  Hip firing position. Use this position when a heavy volume of fire in the target area is required and rapid movement is not necessary.

2.   Identify targets in your designated sector of fire.

3.   Align the sights on the target.

a. Obtain sight alignment by centering the front sight blade in the aperture of the rear sight with the top of the front sight blade even with the top of the rear sight slide.

b. Obtain a sight picture by centering the target over the front sight blade so it appears to rest on top of the front sight blade and on top of the rear sight slide.

4.   Load and engage targets using correct M240B firing techniques.

a. Use correct trigger manipulation.

(1)  Pull straight to the rear and release.

(2)  Fire the weapon at the rate of fire appropriate for the target (sustained, rapid, or cyclic).

b. Use correct fire engagement technique based on target type.

(1)  Deliver fixed fire against a point target when only one aiming point is necessary to cover the target with fire.

(2)  Use traversing fire to distribute fire on wide targets by successive changes in direction.

(a)   With the tripod-mounted gun, make changes in 2- to 6-mil increments on the traversing hand wheel between bursts.

(b)   With the bipod-mounted gun, make minor changes by shifting your shoulders to the right or left to select successive aiming points throughout the width of the target area. For major changes, move your elbows and align your body to remain directly behind the gun.

(3)  Use searching fire to distribute fire on deep targets by successive changes in elevation.

(a)   With the tripod-mounted gun, make changes in 2-mil increments on the elevating hand wheel between bursts.

(b)   When using the bipod, move elbows closer together to lower the muzzle, or farther apart to raise the muzzle.

(4)  Use traversing and searching fire to distribute fire on wide and deep targets by successive changes in direction and elevation. Make adjustments in the same manner as described for traversing and searching fire.

(5)  Use swinging traverse fire (tripod-mounted gun only) to deliver fire against targets too wide to cover with the traversing hand wheel or against fast moving targets. Loosen the traversing slide lock lever and make changes in direction by moving the muzzle left or right. Make changes in elevation by turning the elevating hand wheel.

(6)  Use free gun fire (tripod- or vehicle-mounted gun only) against targets requiring rapid major changes in direction and elevation. To deliver this type of fire, remove the T&E mechanism from the receiver to allow the gun to be moved in any direction.

c. Use correct application of fire to engage specific types of targets (for single gun engagement).

(1)  Point target. Engage point targets with fixed fire.

(2)  Area target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target area. Traverse and search to either flank, then back to the opposite flank.

(3)  Linear target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target. Traverse fire to one flank then to the other to cover the entire target.

(4)  Deep target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target unless another portion of the target is more critical or presents a greater threat. Search down to one aiming point in front of the near end and back up to one aiming point beyond the far end.

(5)  Linear target with depth. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target unless another portion of the target is more critical or presents a greater threat. Traverse and search to the flank closest to your position, then back to the other to cover the entire target.

(6)  Moving target. To hit a moving target, estimate the speed of the target and the lead required to fire and hit it. Fire and track the target as it moves. Adjust the lead by observing tracers and the strike of the bullets.

d. Adjust fire to place effective fire on the target. Based on time, range, and amount of adjustment, use one of the following methods:

(1)  Sight correction method. When the initial burst is not correctly placed, adjust elevation and windage as required. This method is time-consuming.

(2)  Adjusted aiming point method. Use the adjusted aiming point method to adjust fires quickly without making a sight adjustment. If the initial burst misses the target, rapidly select a new aiming point the same distance from the target as the center of impact of the initial burst but in the opposite direction.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup: Evaluate this task on a live-fire range. Evaluate the soldier's ability to use correct engagement techniques to engage specific types of targets. Provide the soldier with equipment and materials required to fire the course.

Brief Soldier: Brief soldier on range safety per installation regulations. Tell the soldier to assume the bipod-supported prone position or bipod-supported fighting position. Tell him you are evaluating both his ability to adjust fire and his ability to hit the target.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Assumed a suitable firing position.

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2.   Identified targets in designated sector of fire.

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3.   Aligned the sights on the target.

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4.   Loaded and engaged targets using correct M240B firing techniques.

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Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed. If the soldier scores NO GO, show him what was done wrong and how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

 

FM 3-22.68

 

 

TM 9-1005-313-10