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031-503-1018 (SL1) - React to Nuclear Hazard/Attack

Standards: React to a nuclear hazard or attack without becoming a casualty of a nuclear attack with or without warning. Identify radiological contamination markers with 100 percent accuracy, and notify the supervisor. Start the steps to decontaminate yourself within 1 minute of finding radiological contamination. Decontaminate your individual equipment after you completely decontaminate yourself.

Conditions: You are in a tactical situation or an area where nuclear weapons have been or may have been used and are given load-bearing equipment (LBE), a piece of cloth or similar item, a brush or a broom, shielding material, Field Manual (FM) 3-3-1, and one of the following situations to respond to:

  1. You see a brilliant flash of light.

  2. You find a standard radiological contamination marker or an enemy marker.

  3. You are told that fallout is in the area.

  4. You receive instructions to respond to a nuclear attack.

  5. You come across a suspected depleted uranium (DU) hazard.

Standards: React to a nuclear hazard or attack without becoming a casualty of a nuclear attack with or without warning.  Identify radiological contamination markers with 100 percent accuracy, and notify the supervisor.  Start the steps to decontaminate yourself within 1 minute of finding radiological contamination.  Decontaminate your individual equipment after you completely decontaminate yourself.

Performance Steps

1.   React to a nuclear attack without warning.

a. Close your eyes immediately.

b. Drop to the ground in a prone, head-on position.

Note.  If you are in the hatch of an armored vehicle, immediately drop down inside the vehicle.

c. Keep your head and face down and your helmet on.

d. Stay down until the blast wave passes and debris stops falling.

e. Cover your mouth with a cloth or similar item to protect against inhalation of dust particles.

f.  Check for casualties and damaged equipment.

2.   React to a nuclear attack with warning.

a. Select and use the best available shelter (FM 3-3-1).

(1)  Move into a fighting position, bunker, or ditch.

(2)  Take protective actions if you are inside a shelter.

(3)  Remain in place if you are in an armored vehicle.

b. Protect your eyes.

c. Minimize exposed skin areas.

d. Cover your mouth with a cloth or similar item to protect against inhalation of dust particles.

3.   React to a radiological contamination marker.

a. Avoid the area if possible.

b. Cross the area quickly by the shortest route that exposes you to the least amount of radiation based on mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC).

(1)  Request crossing instructions if you must cross.

(2)  Make the maximum use of shielding.

(3)  Cover your mouth with a cloth or similar item to protect against inhalation of dust particles.

c. Report the discovery of a marker to your supervisor.

4.   Remove radiological contamination (including DU) from clothing, equipment, and exposed skin.

a. Shake or brush contaminated dust (all dust is considered to be radioactive) from your clothing, equipment, and exposed skin with a brush, a broom, or your hands (if a brush or a broom is not available).

b. Wash your body as soon as possible, giving special attention to hairy areas and underneath your fingernails.

c. Conduct mission-oriented protective posture (MOPP) gear exchange if you are contaminated with wet radioactive contamination.

Evaluation Preparation: 

Setup:  Evaluate this task during a field exercise if possible.  Select an area that provides several shelters that the soldier can choose from (an open area, a shallow ditch, a depression, or a foxhole with overhead cover).  Evaluate the soldier's reaction to a nuclear attack without warning (brilliant flash of light) and with warning by having him stand in an open area with the nearest possible shelter no closer than 12 feet.  You may simulate the attack by saying "BRILLIANT FLASH" or by using the flash attachment of a camera. Tell the soldier there will be a nuclear detonation within 2 minutes and to take the best available shelter. Evaluate the soldier's ability to react to radiological contamination markers by telling him to walk through the area (where a standard marker and a former Warsaw Pact marker have been placed) and take appropriate action. Evaluate the soldier's ability to remove radiological contamination.

Brief Soldier:  Tell the soldier that a nuclear attack is imminent and that he must react to a nuclear attack with and without warning.  Tell him that he must also react to nuclear contamination markers.  Tell the soldier that after being exposed to nuclear radiation, he must take the steps for decontamination.

Performance Measures

GO

NO GO

1.   Reacted to a nuclear attack without warning.

--

--

2.   Reacted to a nuclear attack with warning.

--

--

3.   Reacted to a radiological contamination marker.

--

--

4.   Removed radiological contamination (including DU) from clothing, equipment, and exposed skin.

--

--

Evaluation Guidance:  Score the soldier GO if all performance measures are passed.  Score the soldier NO GO if any performance measure is failed.  If the soldier fails any performance measure, show him what was done wrong how to do it correctly.

References

 

Required

Related

 

FM 3-3-1

FM 3-5